Kovno Governorate

Kovno Governorate (Russian: Ковенская губеpния, tr. Kovenskaya guberniya; Lithuanian: Kauno gubernija) or Governorate of Kaunas was a governorate (guberniya) of the Russian Empire. Its capital was Kaunas (Kovno in Russian). It was formed on 18 December 1842 by Tsar Nicholas I from the western part of Vilna Governorate, and the order was carried out on 1 July 1843. It was part of the Vilna Governorate-General and Northwestern Krai. The governorate included almost the entire Lithuanian region of Samogitia and the northern part of Aukštaitija.

Kovno Governorate
Ковенская губеpния
Kovenskaya guberniya
Governorate of the Russian Empire
Coat of arms of Kaunas
Coat of arms
Kovno in Russian Empire (1914).svg
Kovno Governorate within the Russian Empire
CapitalKaunas (Kovno)
• Order of tzar Nicholas I of 18 December 1842
1 July 1843 1843
• World War I
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Vilno COA (Vilno Governorate) (1845).png Vilna Governorate
Ober Ost
Today part ofBelarus


The governorate was divided into seven uyezds:[1]

County County Seat Area (km2) Population in 1897 Population in 1914
Kovensky Uyezd Kovno 4,029 227,500 301,800
Novoalexandrovsky Uyezd Novoaleksandrovsk 5,437 208,500 242,300
Ponevezhsky Uyezd Ponevezh 6,215 222,900 259,700
Rossiyensky Uyezd Rossiyeny 6,485 235,400 279,200
Shavelsky Uyezd Shavli 6,922 238,000 294,500
Telshevsky Uyezd Telshi 5,306 183,400 216,000
Vilkomirsky Uyezd Vilkomir 5,866 229,100 263,600
Total 40,260 1,544,600 1,857,100


  1. ^ Vaitiekūnas, Stasys (2006). Lietuvos gyventojai: Per du tūkstantmečius (in Lithuanian). Vilnius: Mokslo ir enciklopedijų leidybos institutas. pp. 86, 121. ISBN 5-420-01585-4.

Further readingEdit

Coordinates: 54°54′00″N 23°56′00″E / 54.9000°N 23.9333°E / 54.9000; 23.9333