Leuna is a town in Saxony-Anhalt, eastern Germany, south of Merseburg and Halle, on the river Saale.

Leuna
Coat of arms of Leuna
Location of Leuna within Saalekreis district
SaxonyThuringiaBurgenlandkreisHalle (Saale)Anhalt-BitterfeldMansfeld-SüdharzSalzlandkreisBad DürrenbergBad LauchstädtBarnstädtBraunsbedraFarnstädtKabelsketalLandsbergLeunaWettin-LöbejünMerseburgMüchelnNemsdorf-GöhrendorfObhausenPetersbergQuerfurtSalzatalSchkopauSchraplauSteigraTeutschenthalLeuna in SK.svg
About this image
Leuna is located in Germany
Leuna
Leuna
Leuna is located in Saxony-Anhalt
Leuna
Leuna
Coordinates: 51°19′N 12°01′E / 51.317°N 12.017°E / 51.317; 12.017Coordinates: 51°19′N 12°01′E / 51.317°N 12.017°E / 51.317; 12.017
CountryGermany
StateSaxony-Anhalt
DistrictSaalekreis
Municipal assoc.Leuna-Kötzschau
Subdivisions5
Government
 • Mayor (2022–29) Michael Bedla[1] (CDU)
Area
 • Total83.41 km2 (32.20 sq mi)
Elevation
99 m (325 ft)
Population
 (2021-12-31)[2]
 • Total13,899
 • Density170/km2 (430/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Postal codes
06237
Dialling codes03461
Vehicle registrationSK
Websitewww.leuna-stadt.de

The town is known for the Leunawerke, at 13 km2 one of the biggest chemical industrial complexes in Germany,[3] where a very wide range of chemicals and plastics is produced.

In 1960, Leuna's population was nearly 10,000, but after reunification high unemployment rates and poor living conditions, including pollution from nearby industries, caused significant outward migration. Before the 31 December 2009 incorporation of ten neighbouring municipalities,[4] its population had sunk to 6,670.

GeographyEdit

The town Leuna consists of Leuna proper and the following 10 Ortschaften or municipal divisions:[5]

EconomyEdit

 
Leuna Chemical and industrial neighborhood (2007)

Leuna's industrial site stretches over 13 km², making it one of the largest chemical industry sites in Germany in terms of geographical area.[6] At the beginning of the 21st century, a wide range of chemical products and plastics are made there. A pilot plant to produce isobutylene from vegetal stock is being built by the French company Global Bioenergies[7] and should start during 2016.[8]

Notable peopleEdit

 
Christian August Crusius in 1747

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Bürgermeisterwahlen in den Gemeinden, Endgültige Ergebnisse, Statistisches Landesamt Sachsen-Anhalt, accessed 10 November 2022.
  2. ^ "Bevölkerung der Gemeinden – Stand: 31. Dezember 2021" (PDF) (in German). Statistisches Landesamt Sachsen-Anhalt. June 2022.
  3. ^ InfraLeuna Archived 2012-02-24 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ Gebietsänderungen vom 02. Januar bis 31. Dezember 2009, Statistisches Bundesamt
  5. ^ Hauptsatzung der Stadt Leuna, July 2020.
  6. ^ InfraLeuna Welcome to InfraLeuna Archived 2012-02-24 at the Wayback Machine
  7. ^ Thierry Lucas (21 November 2013). "Global Bioenergies va construire un pilote de bioproduction d'isobutène en Allemagne". usinenouvelle.com (in French). Retrieved 15 September 2015..
  8. ^ Thierry Lucas (22 May 2015). "Global Bioenergies et Cristal Union s'associent pour produire 50 000 tonnes par an d'isobutène biosourcé". usinenouvelle.com (in French). Retrieved 15 September 2015..