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Leuna is a town in Saxony-Anhalt, eastern Germany, south of Merseburg and Halle.

Leuna
Coat of arms of Leuna
Coat of arms
Location of Leuna within Saalekreis district
Leuna in SK.png
Leuna is located in Germany
Leuna
Leuna
Leuna is located in Saxony-Anhalt
Leuna
Leuna
Coordinates: 51°19′N 12°01′E / 51.317°N 12.017°E / 51.317; 12.017Coordinates: 51°19′N 12°01′E / 51.317°N 12.017°E / 51.317; 12.017
CountryGermany
StateSaxony-Anhalt
DistrictSaalekreis
Municipal assoc.Leuna-Kötzschau
Subdivisions5
Government
 • MayorDietlind Hagenau
Area
 • Total83.41 km2 (32.20 sq mi)
Elevation
99 m (325 ft)
Population
 (2018-12-31)[1]
 • Total13,969
 • Density170/km2 (430/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes
06237
Dialling codes03461
Vehicle registrationSK
Websitewww.leuna-stadt.de

The town is known for the Leunawerke, at 13 km2 one of the biggest chemical industrial complexes in Germany,[2] where a very wide range of chemicals and plastics is produced.

In 1960, Leuna's population was nearly 10,000, but after reunification high unemployment rates and poor living conditions, including pollution from nearby industries, caused significant outward migration. Before the 31 December 2009 incorporation of neighbouring municipalities, its population had sunk to 6,670.

EconomyEdit

 
Leuna Chemical and industrial neighborhood (2007)

Leuna's industrial site stretches over 13 km², making it one of the widest chemical industry sites in Germany.[3] At the beginning of the 21st century, a wide range of chemical products and plastics are made there. A pilot plant to produce isobutylene from vegetal stock is being built by the French company Global Bioenergies[4] and should start during 2016.[5]

Sons and daughters of the townEdit

 
Christian August Crusius in 1747

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Bevölkerung der Gemeinden – Stand: 31. Dezember 2018" (PDF). Statistisches Landesamt Sachsen-Anhalt (in German).
  2. ^ InfraLeuna Archived 2012-02-24 at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ InfraLeuna Welcome to InfraLeuna Archived 2012-02-24 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ Thierry Lucas (21 November 2013). "Global Bioenergies va construire un pilote de bioproduction d'isobutène en Allemagne". usinenouvelle.com (in French). Retrieved 15 September 2015..
  5. ^ Thierry Lucas (22 May 2015). "Global Bioenergies et Cristal Union s'associent pour produire 50 000 tonnes par an d'isobutène biosourcé". usinenouvelle.com (in French). Retrieved 15 September 2015..