Leopold, Prince of Hohenzollern
Leopold, Prince of Hohenzollern (German: Leopold Stephan Karl Anton Gustav Eduard Tassilo Fürst von Hohenzollern; 22 September 1835 – 8 June 1905) was the head of the Swabian branch of the House of Hohenzollern, and played a fleeting role in European power politics, in connection with the Franco-Prussian War.
|Prince of Hohenzollern|
|Tenure||2 June 1885 – 8 June 1905|
|Born||22 September 1835|
|Died||8 June 1905 (aged 69)|
|Issue||William, Prince of Hohenzollern|
Ferdinand I of Romania
Prince Karl Anton
|Father||Karl Anton, Prince of Hohenzollern|
|Mother||Princess Josephine of Baden|
Leopold's parents were Josephine of Baden and Karl Anton, Prince of Hohenzollern. Leopold was the older brother of King Carol I of Romania and father of the future King Ferdinand of Romania. Carol ascended the Romanian throne in 1866, and Leopold renounced his rights to the Romanian succession in favor of his sons in 1880.
Entry into European controversyEdit
After the Spanish Revolution of 1868 that overthrew Queen Isabella II, Leopold was offered the Spanish Crown by the new government. This offer was supported by the Prussian Prime Minister Otto von Bismarck, but opposed by the French Emperor Napoleon III on the grounds that the installation of a relative of the Prussian king would result in the expansion of Prussian influence and the encirclement of France. After initially refusing the offer, then, on 21 June 1870, accepting the Spanish crown, Leopold was forced on 11 July to again decline.
Additional demands made by the French government heightened diplomatic tensions between Paris and Berlin. The deliberate shortening of a diplomatic communiqué, the Ems Dispatch, led to declaration of war by France. Prussia's speedy mobilization, together with the support of the other members of the North German Confederation, resulted in French defeat, the consequences of which were the collapse of the Second French Empire, to be replaced by the Third Republic, and the creation of the German Empire. France lost Alsace and part of Lorraine and had to pay huge war reparations.
Marriage and issueEdit
- William, Prince of Hohenzollern (7 March 1864 – 22 October 1927) he married Princess Maria Teresa of Bourbon-Two Sicilies on 27 June 1889. They had three children. He remarried Princess Adelgunde of Bavaria on 20 January 1915.
- Prince Ferdinand of Hohenzollern (25 August 1865 – 20 July 1927) he married Princess Marie of Edinburgh on 10 January 1893. They had six children.
- Prince Karl Anton of Hohenzollern (1 September 1868 – 21 February 1919) he married Princess Joséphine Caroline of Belgium on 28 May 1894. They had four children.
Leopold received the following decorations and awards:
- Hohenzollern: Cross of Honour of the Princely House Order of Hohenzollern, 1st Class with Swords
- Duchy of Anhalt: Grand Cross of Albert the Bear, 24 March 1865
- Kingdom of Bavaria: Knight of St. Hubert, 1890
- Ernestine duchies: Grand Cross of the Saxe-Ernestine House Order, April 1864
- Grand Duchy of Hesse: Grand Cross of the Ludwig Order, 19 December 1888
- Mecklenburg: Grand Cross of the Wendish Crown, with Crown in Ore
- Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach: Grand Cross of the White Falcon, 6 March 1869
- Kingdom of Saxony: Knight of the Rue Crown, 1893
- Schaumburg-Lippe: Military Merit Medal with Swords
- Württemberg: Grand Cross of the Württemberg Crown, 1875
- Belgium: Grand Cordon of the Order of Leopold
- Kingdom of Portugal:
- Kingdom of Romania:
- Russian Empire: Knight of St. Stanislaus, 1st Class
|Ancestors of Leopold, Prince of Hohenzollern|
- Darryl Lundy (19 March 2005). "Leopold Stephan Prinz von Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen". thePeerage.com. Retrieved 2008-12-28.
- Renunciation letter of Leopold de Hohenzollern, in French, dated 22 November 1880[non-primary source needed]
- Erich Eyck, Bismarck and the German Empire, pp. 168-171.
- Hof- und Staats-Handbuch des Königreich Preußen (1905), Genealogy p. 5
- Königlich Preussische Ordensliste (in German), 1, Berlin, 1886, pp. 8, 21, 934
- Hof- und Staats-Handbuch des Herzogtum Anhalt (1867) "Herzoglicher Haus-orden Albrecht des Bären" p. 18
- Hof- und Staats-Handbuch des Großherzogtum Baden (1868), "Großherzogliche Orden" pp. 50, 61
- Hof- und - Staatshandbuch des Königreichs Bayern (1904), "Königliche Orden". p. 9
- Staatshandbücher für das Herzogtums Sachsen-Altenburg (1869), "Herzogliche Sachsen-Ernestinischer Hausorden" p. 21
- "Ludewigs-orden", Großherzoglich Hessische Ordensliste (in German), Darmstadt: Staatsverlag, 1898, p. 8 – via hathitrust.org
- Staatshandbuch für das Großherzogtum Sachsen / Sachsen-Weimar-Eisenach (1869), "Großherzogliche Hausorden" pp. 12-13
- Sachsen (1901). "Königlich Orden". Staatshandbuch für den Königreich Sachsen: 1901. Dresden: Heinrich. p. 4 – via hathitrust.org.
- Hof- und Staats-Handbuch des Königreich Württemberg (1896), "Königliche Orden" p. 28
- "Ritter-Orden: Leopold-orden", Hof- und Staatshandbuch der Österreichisch-Ungarischen Monarchie, 1904, p. 66, retrieved 8 June 2020
- "A Szent István Rend tagjai" Archived 22 December 2010 at the Wayback Machine