Leonard Starr (October 28, 1925 – June 30, 2015) was an American cartoonist, comic book artist, and advertising artist, best known for creating the newspaper comic strip On Stage and reviving Little Orphan Annie.
Starr in 1982
|Born||October 28, 1925|
New York City, New York, U.S.
|Died||June 30, 2015(aged 89)|
|Area(s)||Writer, Editor, Publisher, Producer|
Little Orphan Annie
While attending Pratt during 1942-43, Starr worked for the Harry "A" Chesler and the Funnies, Inc. studios, contributing to the early comic book features produced at these studios. For Funnies, Inc., he began as a background artist, eventually inking Bob Oksner's pencils. He graduated to drawing for early Timely/Marvel Comics titles, including the Human Torch and the Sub-Mariner.
Throughout the 1940s, Starr worked for a plethora of publishers of both comic books and pulps, including Better Publications, Consolidated Book, Croyden Publications, E. R. Ross Publishing, Fawcett Comics (doing Don Winslow of the Navy, 1944–46), Hillman Periodicals and M. C. Combs. He worked with Joe Simon and Jack Kirby on their earlier romance comics titles, in particular the Crestwood/Prize title Young Romance.
In the late 1940s, he drew for EC Comics, including War Against Crime, before working both as an advertising artist and producing a large amount of work for both the American Comics Group and DC Comics titles during the early to mid-1950s. His DC work spanned a large number of covers, and work on titles as diverse as Doctor 13, House of Mystery, Gang Busters, Pow-Wow Smith, Indian Lawman and Star-Spangled War Stories, mainly prior to 1957. For ACG, he worked on Adventures into the Unknown, Operation Peril and Soldiers of Fortune among other titles. In 1955-56, he moved from comic books to comic strips with uncredited work on King Features' Flash Gordon.
Mary Perkins, On StageEdit
In 1957, Starr created the comic strip On Stage, later titled Mary Perkins, On Stage for the Chicago-Tribune-New York News Syndicate. Characterized by a mix of soap opera, adventure and humor, the strip featured tight, realistic graphics and, from the beginning, strong layouts, design and storytelling. He received the National Cartoonists Society's Story Comic Strip Award for On Stage in 1960 and 1963, and their Reuben Award in 1965. He continued producing Mary Perkins, On Stage until 1979. Starr would later cite the work of Alex Raymond and Milton Caniff as influences on the strip's artwork.
Starr returned to comic books very briefly during the 1970s and 1980s, working on "Morbius, the Living Vampire" for Marvel in 1975 and providing art for DC's Who's Who in the DC Universe (1986) and for a Superman and Lois Lane story in Action Comics. For Dargaud in Paris, he created Kelly Green with Stan Drake in 1980. This series of graphic novels about the sexy and capable female action heroine Kelly Green, were illustrated by Drake. He was enlisted in 1985 by artist Frank Bolle to take over writing the strip Winnie Winkle which he did until its end in 1996.
Starr expanded into animation in the 1980s, as he noted, "Started writing television scripts in the early 1970s, and in 1984 I was asked to develop and write the bible for the animated television show ThunderCats, and also act as the story editor and head writer. Moved to Westport, Connecticut in 1970 where I still live today." Starr eventually wrote 23 episodes for ThunderCats.
Little Orphan AnnieEdit
In 1979 he revived the comic strip Little Orphan Annie. The strip had been in reprints since 1974 after a string of unsuccessful artists had succeeded the famous creator Harold Gray, who had died in 1968. Retitled Annie, Starr's incarnation of the strip received the National Cartoonists Society's Story Comic Strip Award in 1983 and 1984. Starr continued it successfully until his retirement in 2000.
- The Unholy Alliance
- The Slaves of Castle Plun-Darr
- The Tower of Traps
- The Ghost Warrior
- The Spaceship Beneath the Sands
- Lion-O's Anointment First Day: The Trial of Strength
- The Crystal Queen
- Lion-O's Anointment Second Day: The Trial of Speed
- Lion-O's Anointment Third Day: The Trial of Cunning
- Lion-O's Anointment Fourth Day: The Trial of Mind Power
- Lion-O's Anointment Final Day: The Trial of Evil
- ThunderCats Ho! Parts 1-5
- Mumm-Ra Lives! Parts 1-5
- Miller, John Jackson (June 10, 2005). "Comics Industry Birthdays". Comics Buyer's Guide. Archived from the original on February 18, 2011. Retrieved December 12, 2010.
- "Leonard Starr". Lambiek Comiclopedia. Archived from the original on December 11, 2014. Retrieved July 4, 2015.
- Bails, Jerry; Hames Ware. "Starr, Leonard". Who's Who of American Comic Books 1928-1999. Archived from the original on September 28, 2011. Retrieved July 9, 2008.
- Howell, Richard, "Introduction" to Real Love - The Best of the Simon and Kirby Romance Comics" 1940s-1950s (Eclipse Books, 1988)
- "Leonard Starr's Comics Work 1945-50; 1951-55". Archived from the original on August 9, 2006. Retrieved 2017-05-14.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link). Accessed July 9, 2008
- Ron Goulart,The Funnies: 100 Years of American Comic Strips, Holbrook, Massachusetts. Adams Publishing, 1995. ISBN 094473524X (p. 191)
- Moench, Doug (w), Robbins, Frank (p), Starr, Leonard (i). "Night of the Vampire-Stalker" Adventure into Fear 27 (April 1975), Marvel Comics
- Byrne, John (w), Byrne, John (p), Starr, Leonard; Williams, Keith (i). "Visitor" Action Comics 597 (February 1988), DC Comics
- Carlson, Mark. Winnie Winkle–The Saga of America’s Working Girl
- Crichton 2011, p. 81.
- Evanier, Mark (June 30, 2015). "Leonard Starr, R.I.P." News From Me. Archived from the original on July 4, 2015. Retrieved June 30, 2015.
- Crichton, David (2011). Hear the Roar!. Telos Publishing.