Laxmi Narayan Tripathi

Laxmi Narayan Tripathi (known as Laxmi, sometimes transliterated as Lakshmi) is a transgender/Hijra rights activist, bollywood actress, Bharatanatyam dancer, choreographer and motivational speaker in Mumbai, India. She is also the Acharya Mahamandaleshwar of kinnar akhada.[1][2] She was born in Malti Bai Hospital on 13th Dec 1978 in Thane. She is the first transgender person to represent Asia Pacific in the UN in 2008. At the assembly, she spoke of the plight of sexual minorities. "People should be more human like. They should respect us as humans and consider our rights as transgenders," she said.[3] She was a contestant on the popular reality show Bigg Boss in 2011. Her efforts helped the first Transgender team to scale a Himalayan peak (Friendship peak) in 2020.

Laxmi Narayan Tripathi at JLF Melbourne on a panel "Gender and the Spaces Between" presented by Melbourne Writers Festival, Federation Square, Melbourne 2017.

Laxmi at Mumbai Gay Pride 2012

Early lifeEdit

Laxmi was the eldest born who was assigned male at birth, into an orthodox Brahmin family in Thane, Maharashtra. After completing her schooling from Bims Paradise, Kopri, Thane, she acquired an arts degree from Mumbai's Mithibai College and a postgraduate degree in Bharatnatyam.[4] Often being told she was gay and being called "homo", in about grade 5 Laxmi sought out the only gay person she knew, Ashok Row Kavi. She starred in several Ken Ghosh dance videos and went on to become a choreographer herself.[3]

In a video for Project Bolo she recalls meeting the first PhD trans student in India, Shabira.[5] She met the hijra community through Shabira and soon after became a bar dancer. She was fairly famous having admirers come from across the city to watch her dance. However this was short lived as Maharashtra home minister RR Patil decided to shut down the city's dance bars. Laxmi organized protests against this move. The dancers lost but Laxmi got her first taste for activism.[3]

ActivismEdit

Laxmi has served on the boards of several NGOs which conduct LGBT activist work.[6] In 2002 she became president of the NGO DAI Welfare Society, the first registered and working organization for eunuchs in South Asia. In 2007 she started her own organization, Astitiva.[3] This organization works to promote the welfare of sexual minorities, their support and development.[7][8]

Soon after she left India for the first time and headed to Toronto, Canada for Asia Pacific sex workers network. Her passport stated that she was a female, transgender and eunuch.[5]

When Kavi started to appeal Section 377 of the Indian Penal Code, which made homosexuality a crime; Laxmi joined his team. During a press conference with the media and Zee TV she appeared in full makeup and women's clothing. This is when her parents found out about her association with the hijra community. It was shocking news as her parents were looking into marriage proposals. In an interview with BBC her father was asked about his thoughts on his child's sexuality he responded, "if my child was handicapped would you even ask me whether I’d have asked him to leave home? And just because his sexual orientation is different?"[3]

In April 2014 Indian Supreme Court recognized transgender rights, officially recognizing them as a third gender which gives relief to an estimated 3 million people within India.[9] Laxmi along with a legal agency had petitioned the court to recognize transgender as a third category on all documents. Alongside this recognition the courts have ordered the government to provide quotas in jobs and education, similar to the ones for other minority groups in India.[4] Governments were also ordered by apex courts to construct third washrooms and create health departments to take care of transsexual medical needs. They will also be entitled to adopt children and after reassignment surgery identify with their gender of choice.[9]

In popular cultureEdit

Laxmi frequently gives interviews and otherwise represents the LGBTQIA+ community in popular media. Laxmi has starred in several TV shows. She was a participant in the Indian television show Bigg Boss 5. She was evicted after six weeks.[10] She also starred in Sach Ka Samna with Rajeev Khandelval,[11] 10 Ka Dum with Salman Khan and Raaz Pichle Janam Ka.

In Sach Ka Samna it was the first time India saw a transgender person on TV with their parents. Which allowed for there to be an open conversation about hijras and myths surrounding them.[5]

Laxmi starred in an award-winning documentary in 2005, Between the Lines: India's Third Gender.[12]

Tripathi is featured in Project Bolo, a documentary series about LGBT Indians that has been released on DVD.[citation needed]

In 2011 Laxmi starred in Queens! Destiny Of Dance, an award-winning Bollywood movie about hijras that garnered rave reviews.[citation needed]

Laxmi co-wrote her biography, Red Lipstick, with Pooja Pande. The book was published by Penguin in 2016.[13]

Personal lifeEdit

In Bigg Boss, Tripathi said that she had been in a relationship with a man for two years.[14] She is currently engaged to Indian transmale bodybuilder Aryan Pasha and the two have been narrating their tale of pious togetherness with pride all over the social media. She has adopted two children and lives in Thane.[citation needed]

She told Project Bolo that she got breast augmentation but did not receive any hormone therapy. She told them she got a lot of backlash from the hijra community for her speaking out and meeting Salman Rushdie.[citation needed]

AwardsEdit

  • Awarded 'Indian of the Year 2017'.[15]

Criticisms & ControversiesEdit

Laxmi was criticised by the queer community for her comments on Ram mandir construction in Ayodhya. "Being a dominant caste brahmin transwoman, she appeals to the Hindutva ideology and justifies the existence of caste system in India ever since she started aspiring for a political position in the current ruling party" reads the joint statement issued by the community.[16]

Laxmi supported Akshay Kumar in launching Laxmmi Bomb which was criticized by the trans community for being transphobic and misogynistic.[citation needed]

In April 2021, during India's COVID second wave, Laxmi was criticized by the Indian Queer community for her hypocrisy. Laxmi started a Covid relief crowdfunding campaign,[17] a week after she violated all the COVID precautions by gathering thousands of people at Kumbh Mela.[18] Upon being held responsible for her actions, her then partner resorted to verbal abuse on social media.[19][20]

TelevisionEdit

Year Shows Role Channel Notes
2011 Bigg Boss 5 Celebrity Contestant Colors TV Evicted Week 6, Day 42

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ टाइम्स, नवभारत (7 February 2019). "किन्नर अखाड़े पर डाक टिकट जारी, दो महंत बने महामंडलेश्वर". नवभारत टाइम्स (in Hindi). Archived from the original on 23 January 2021. Retrieved 15 January 2021.
  2. ^ "Kumbh Mela 2019: अब तक 13 अखाड़े कुंभ में होते थे शामिल, पहली बार किन्नर अखाड़े की एंट्री, जानें इनकी खासियत". hindi.timesnownews.com (in Hindi). Archived from the original on 21 January 2021. Retrieved 15 January 2021.
  3. ^ a b c d e Mehra, Preeti (25 April 2014). "A free country, again". The Hindu Business Line. Archived from the original on 8 July 2021. Retrieved 23 December 2015.
  4. ^ a b "We too are human beings: Transgender activist Lakshmi Narayan Tripathi - Latest News & Updates at Daily News & Analysis". 27 April 2014. Archived from the original on 15 October 2017. Retrieved 14 October 2017.
  5. ^ a b c "Project Bolo - Laxmi Narayan Tripathi". Vimeo. Archived from the original on 11 September 2018. Retrieved 14 October 2017.
  6. ^ Singh, Divyesh (10 March 2008). "The third gender rises to a social challenge". dnaindia.com. Archived from the original on 5 January 2012. Retrieved 30 January 2012.
  7. ^ "MSMGF GLOBAL DIRECTORY LISTING". Archived from the original on 29 November 2014. Retrieved 15 November 2014.
  8. ^ Knowing Laxmi Narayan Tripathi- Interviewed by Sandhya Dangwal (12), archived from the original on 7 May 2017, retrieved 8 July 2021
  9. ^ a b George, Nirmala (15 April 2014). "India's Supreme Court recognizes 'transgender' as third gender". Archived from the original on 15 October 2017. Retrieved 14 October 2017.
  10. ^ "Pooja Missra might win Bigg Boss 5: Laxmi - Hindustan Times". hindustantimes.com. 13 November 2011. Archived from the original on 18 January 2012. Retrieved 30 January 2012.
  11. ^ "Eunuch inspires on Sach ka Saamna". The Times of India. Archived from the original on 4 December 2013.
  12. ^ "Between the Lines: India's Third Gender". 31 August 2006. Archived from the original on 9 February 2017. Retrieved 14 October 2017 – via www.imdb.com.
  13. ^ author., Tripāṭhī, Lakshmīnārāyaṇa, 1979- (August 2017). Red lipstick : the men in my life. ISBN 978-0-14-342593-9. OCLC 1049173440. Archived from the original on 8 July 2021. Retrieved 8 July 2021.
  14. ^ "Laxmi Narayan Tripathi talk about her relationship on Bigg Boss 5". Metro Masti. Archived from the original on 5 October 2011.CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
  15. ^ Zia (26 July 2017). "Indian of the Year 'A Huge Success'". Brands Academy. Archived from the original on 28 July 2017.
  16. ^ "LGBTQIA+ community condemns trans activist Laxmi Narayan Tripathi's Ram temple comment". The News Minute.
  17. ^ Sen, Debarati S. (20 June 2021). "Mumbai's first COVID19 vaccination drive for transgender persons sees over 70 people". Times of India. Archived from the original on 20 June 2021. Retrieved 8 July 2021.
  18. ^ "Photos: India's deadly coronavirus surge follows crowded events". www.aljazeera.com. Archived from the original on 28 June 2021. Retrieved 8 July 2021.
  19. ^ "YesWeExist Instagram Post". Instagram. 25 April 2021. Retrieved 8 July 2021.
  20. ^ "YesWeExist Facebook Post". Facebook. 25 April 2021. Archived from the original on 8 July 2021. Retrieved 8 July 2021.

External linksEdit