Larissa (regional unit)
Municipalities of Larissa
Larissa within Greece
|• Total||5,381 km2 (2,078 sq mi)|
|• Density||53/km2 (140/sq mi)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+3 (EEST)|
40x xx, 41x xx
|Area codes||241, 2491, 2492, 2493, 2494, 2495|
|ISO 3166 code||GR-42|
|Car plates||ΡΙ (Rho Iota)|
Larissa is the second largest regional unit in Greece, exceeded only by Aetolia-Acarnania. It covers about one-third of Thessaly. It borders the regional units of Kozani to the northwest, Pieria to the northeast, the Aegean Sea to the east, Magnesia to the southeast, Phthiotis to the south, Karditsa to the southwest and Trikala to the west.
The tallest mountain in Greece, Mount Olympus (2,917 m) is situated in the northeastern part of the regional unit. Mount Ossa is situated in the east, at the Aegean coast. The lower stretch of the river Pineios flows through the Vale of Tempe, between Olympus and Ossa.
Larissa has a mainly Mediterranean climate with hot summers and mild winters. Winter is harsher in the mountains areas, notably the north and Mount Olympus. Larissa is often the warmest area in Greece in summer and the coldest in winter. The highest temperature ever recorded was 45.4 °C (2000) and the coldest was -21.6 °C (1968). The city experiences very often temperatures over 40 °C.
The regional unit Larissa is subdivided into 7 municipalities. These are (number as in the map in the infobox):
Larissa was created as a prefecture (Greek: Νομός Λάρισας) in 1882. As a part of the 2011 Kallikratis government reform, the regional unit Larissa was created out of the former prefecture Larissa. The prefecture had the same territory as the present regional unit. At the same time, the municipalities were reorganised, according to the table below.
|New municipality||Old municipalities||Seat|
- Province of Larissa (Larissa)
- Province of Tyrnavos (Tyrnavos)
- Province of Agia (Agia)
- Province of Elassona (Elassona)
- Province of Farsala (Farsala)
Note: Provinces no longer hold any legal status in Greece, they were abolished in 2006.
The area of Larissa was home to the Pelasgians until they merged into the broader Greek culture. The area was invaded and was ruled by the Kingdom of Macedonia a few centuries later, and was conquered by the Roman Republic after the Third Macedonian War. The Roman imperial period was followed by Byzantine rule, which was in turn succeeded by the Ottoman Empire. Parts of Thessaly revolted during the Greek War of Independence, but Thessaly remained under Ottoman Turkish rule. It was awarded to Greece in the Congress of Berlin in 1878, and finally incorporated into the Hellenic Kingdom in 1881, albeit parts of the modern Larissa prefecture, including Tyrnavos, Elassona and Sarantaporo, remained Ottoman. During the Greco-Turkish War of 1897, the area was successfully invaded by the Ottomans, but in the end Greece conceded only minor territorial losses. The northern portions of the prefecture, the Tempe Valley and Mount Olympus, were taken by Greece during the First Balkan War in 1912-1913.
The economy increased since the annexation in 1881 and later after 1913 for the north. After the Greco-Turkish War in Asia Minor of 1920-1922, refugees were relocated to the Prefecture. Several villages were created for them across the prefecture. During World War II, the area was a major scene of partisan activity. The occupation and the subsequent Greek Civil War however destroyed most of the local infrastructure. From the 1950s on, the road network was significantly expanded: the GR-1 was opened in 1957 and extended in the 1960s to the Tempe Valley. In 1984, the University of Thessaly opened its doors.
Its main economy since the 1970s are manufacturing, businesses, communications and services. Agriculture is the second leading industry.
There are a number of highways E75 and the main railway from Athens to Thessaloniki crosses Thessaly. The region is directly linked to the rest of Europe through International Airport of Central Greece located in Nea Anchialos in a small distance from Larisa (26 kilometers).
- Greek National Road 1/E75, SE, Cen., E - partially a divided superhighway
- Greek National Road 3, S, Cen., NW
- Central Greece Motorway - future
- Greek National Road 6, W, Cen., SE
- Greek National Road 13, NW
- Greek National Road 26, NW
- Greek National Road 30, S
- Larissa-Karditsa Road, S, SW
- Grevena-Elassona Road, NW
- Larissa-Melivoia Road, S, E
Sporting clubs include: