Lahmacun (also lahmajun and other spellings) is a round, thin piece of dough topped with minced meat (most commonly beef or lamb), minced vegetables and herbs including onions, tomatoes and parsley, and spices such as cayenne pepper, paprika, cumin and cinnamon, then baked. Lahmacun is often wrapped around vegetables, including pickles, tomatoes, peppers, onions, lettuce, parsley, and roasted eggplant.
|Alternative names||Lahm b'ajin, lahamagine, lahmajun, lahmajoun|
|Place of origin||Middle East|
|Main ingredients||Minced meat, vegetables and herbs|
Though it is sometimes described as Turkish pizza, Armenian pizza, or similar names, it has only in modern times been referred to as "pizza", and it is of Middle Eastern rather than European origin. Furthermore, unlike pizza, lahmacun is not usually prepared with cheese and the crust is thinner.
Lahmacun is a popular dish in Armenia, where it is also called lamadjo; in Turkey (lahmacun), Lebanon and Syria (lahm bi 'ajin)), Israel, and Armenian and Turkish communities, and Arab, worldwide.
The name entered English from Turkish: lahmacun and Armenian: lahmaǰun, both of which derive from the Arabic: لحم عجين, laḥm ʿajīn, short for Arabic: لحم بعجين, laḥm bi-ʿajīn, meaning "meat with dough". The Turkish word is pronounced like "lah-ma-june".
Flatbreads in the Middle East have been cooked in tandoors and on metal frying pans such as the tava for thousands of years. They have been used to wrap meat and other foods for convenience and portability. However, it was not until the wider adoption in medieval times of the large stone oven that flatbreads stuffed or topped with meat or other foods were baked together, cooking the bread and the topping at the same time. A variety of such dishes, such as sfiha and manakish, became popular in countries formerly parts of the Ottoman Empire, especially Turkey, Armenia, Syria, Lebanon, and Iraq. A thin flatbread, topped with spiced ground meat, became known as lahm b'ajin (meat with dough), shortened to lahmajin and similar names.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Lahmacun.|
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The true origin of lahmacun is a mystery...
- "'Armenian Pizza' Is the Comfort Food You Didn't Know You Were Missing (Recipe)". Smithsonian Magazine. Retrieved 16 January 2020.
No one knows for certain whether lahmacun’s roots lie in Armenia, Turkey, or elsewhere in the Middle East. “The race to find where these ancient foods originated is not fruitful territory,” cautioned Naomi Duguid, author of Taste of Persia: A Cook's Travels Through Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, and Kurdistan. After all, meat-enhanced flatbreads are ubiquitous throughout the region...
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