La Damoiselle élue

La Damoiselle élue (The Blessed Damozel), L. 62, is a cantata for soprano soloist, 2-part children's choir, 2-part female (contralto) choir (with contralto solo), and orchestra,[1] composed by Claude Debussy in 1887–1888 based on a text by Dante Gabriel Rossetti. It premiered in Paris in 1893.

La Damoiselle élue
Cantata by Claude Debussy
Dante Gabriel Rossetti The Blessed Damozel.jpg
Dante Gabriel Rossetti, The Blessed Damozel (1878)
CatalogueL. 62
Text"The Blessed Damozel" by Dante Gabriel Rossetti
LanguageFrench (translated)
Composed1887–88
DedicationPaul Dukas
Performed8 April 1893 (1893-04-08)
Published1892
Scoring
  • soprano
  • mezzo-soprano
  • choir
  • orchestra

HistoryEdit

Claude Debussy was interested in the symbolist movement and later took inspiration from a poem by Stéphane Mallarmé for his Prélude à l'après-midi d'un faune (1894). Reading an anthology of English poetry translated by Gabriel Sarrazin, "Poètes modernes d’Angleterre" (1883) gave Debussy the idea of composing a cantata on the poem "The Blessed Damozel" (1850) by Pre-Raphaelite poet and painter Dante Gabriel Rossetti.[2] Debussy had probably not seen Rossetti's painting of the same title, but other pre-Raphaelite illustrations with a focus on "a new type of feminine beauty".[2] He completed the piece in 1888. In a letter to André Poniatowski dated 9 September 1892, he confided that he had wanted to compose "a little oratorio in a little pagan mystical note".[3] The work is dedicated to composer Paul Dukas. Debussy sent his music score to the Académie des beaux-arts as an entry for the Prix de Rome.[4] It was published in 1892. Debussy revised his orchestration for the piece in 1902,[4] and in 1906 made a piano reduction of the orchestral part.

La Damoiselle élue belongs to the same period of composition as the Cinq poèmes de Charles Baudelaire, when Debussy was influenced by the music of Richard Wagner. The composer chose to distance himself from this musical influence, while remaining faithful to symbolist literature, when composing his opera Pelléas et Mélisande in the 1890s. Patterns such as fleur-de-lys returned to his stage music for Le Martyre de saint Sébastien (1910–1911).[2]

La Damoiselle élue premiered in Paris at the Salle Érard on 8 April 1893, sponsored by the Société Nationale de Musique,[4] sung by Julia and Thérèse Robert, and conducted by Jean Gabriel-Marie.[3][5] It was the first of Debussy's works for orchestra to be performed.[2] The premiere was a success, and music critic Pierre Lalo wrote in Le Temps: "Such are the grace and delicacy of his taste that all his audacities are welcome" ("telles sont la grâce et la délicatesse de son goût que toutes ses audaces sont heureuses").[6] Some critics, however, reproached the work as being "very sensual and decadent" ("très sensuelle et décadente").[7]

SynopsisEdit

La Damoiselle élue s’appuyait sur la barrière d’or du ciel (La Damoiselle élue leaned on the golden barrier of heaven).[8]

Du haut du paradis, une jeune fille se lamente sur l'absence de son amant. Sur Terre, ce dernier croit sentir sa présence (From the heights of paradise, a young girl laments the absence of her lover. On Earth, the latter believes he feels her presence).[9]

The performance lasts some twenty minutes.

BibliographyEdit

  • Richard Langham Smith, "La Genèse de La Damoiselle élue", Cahiers Debussy, 1980–1981, No 4-5.

DiscographyEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ IMSLP: La damoiselle élue (Debussy, Claude). Holograph manuscript, n.d.(ca.1902)
  2. ^ a b c d Caroline Rae, La Damoiselle élue, Claude Debussy, website of the London Philharmonic Orchestra, accessdate 13 June 2016.
  3. ^ a b Anne Penesco, Itinéraires de la musique française: théorie, pédagogie et création, Presses Universitaires de Lyon, 1996, p. 192.
  4. ^ a b c La Damoiselle élue. FL 69, website of the bibliothèque nationale de France
  5. ^ La Damoiselle élue, IMSLP.
  6. ^ Ariane Charton, Debussy, Éditions Gallimard folio biographies, 2012.
  7. ^ Eric Frederick Jensen, Debussy, Oxford University Press, 2014, (p. 158).
  8. ^ La Damoiselle élue, Centre de documentation Claude Debussy, 2007.
  9. ^ Laurence Roussillon-Constanty, Méduse au miroir: esthétique romantique de Dante Gabriel Rossetti, ELLUG, 2008, (pp. 70–71).
  10. ^ Bidu Sayao - La Damoiselle Elue, Opera Arias Arkivmusic
  11. ^ OCLC 671658965
  12. ^ 9408841 discogs
  13. ^ OCLC 916463378
  14. ^ 9408841 Claude Debussy, La damoiselle élue, L 62, Suzanne Danco, Jeanne Deroubaix, Frauen des Kölner Rundfunkchor, Kölner Rundfunk-Sinfonie-Orchester, Marcel Couraud, 3.-6.07.1957 renegagnaux.ch
  15. ^ OCLC 50085203
  16. ^ OCLC 785894329
  17. ^ OCLC 690137799
  18. ^ 1014953 discogs
  19. ^ Interview avec Mireille Delunsch / Discographie (in French) odb-opera.com

External linksEdit