Lyndon B. Johnson National Historical Park
Lyndon B. Johnson National Historical Park is a United States National Historical Park in central Texas about 50 miles (80 km) west of Austin in the Texas Hill Country. The park protects the birthplace, home, ranch, and final resting place of Lyndon B. Johnson, 36th President of the United States. During Johnson's administration, the LBJ Ranch was known as the "Texas White House" because the President spent approximately 20% of his time in office there.
|Lyndon B. Johnson National Historical Park|
President Johnson's birthplace in Gillespie County
|Location||Blanco and Gillespie counties, Texas, USA|
|Nearest city||Johnson City, Texas; Stonewall, Texas|
|Area||1,571 acres (6.36 km2)|
|Established||December 2, 1969|
|Visitors||110,791 (in 2012)|
|Governing body||National Park Service|
|Website||Lyndon B. Johnson National Historical Park|
Lyndon B. Johnson National Historical Park
|Area||1,571 acres (636 ha)|
|NRHP reference #||69000202|
|RTHL #||Birthplace: 10062|
Boyhood home: 2828
|Added to NRHP||December 2, 1969|
|Designated NHL||May 23, 1966|
|Designated RTHL||Birthplace: 1967|
Boyhood home: 1965
Districts and featuresEdit
The park consists of two discontiguous areas, the Johnson City District and the LBJ Ranch District. The Johnson City District, located in Johnson City, contains the boyhood home of President Johnson and his grandparents' log cabin settlement, as well as the National Park Visitor Center. The LBJ Ranch District is located roughly 14 miles (23 km) west of Johnson City along the north side of the Pedernales River in Gillespie County. The ranch was the Johnson family retreat during his period of greatest influence, and is the site of the family cemetery. This gives the visitors a perspective of President Johnson's life when he was in office.
The Johnson City Unit is located on the south side of the city, with parking areas at the visitors center on Lady Bird Lane, and on United States Route 290 at N Street. The visitors center, located in a former hospital, provides an introduction to the park and exhibitions and films about President Johnson and his wife Lady Bird. A short way north of the visitors center is the Johnson Boyhood Home, an 1880s Victorian house where he lived with his parents from age five. This house, restored by Johnson while he was president, was designated a National Historic Landmark in 1966. West of the visitors center is the Johnson Settlement, a restored prairie in which are found the dogtrot house of Johnson's grandfather, and other 19th-century agricultural buildings.
The ranch is located on the north side of United States Route 290, about fourteen miles west of Johnson City, with its main access through the Lyndon B. Johnson State Park and Historic Site, which lies between the highway and the south bank of the Pedernales River. The National Park Service lands lie north of the river. Among the sites preserved at the Ranch are the President's first school, his reconstructed birthplace, the Texas White House, and the Johnson Family Cemetery, where both President and Lady Bird Johnson are buried. Visitors take a self-guided auto driving tour from State Park visitor center; a permit is required. On August 2, 2018, the National Park Service announced that the Texas White House and Pool House were temporarily closed to visitors due to structural issues.
The park was authorized on December 2, 1969, as Lyndon B. Johnson National Historic Site and was redesignated as a National Historical Park on December 28, 1980. Present holdings are approximately 1,570 acres (6.4 km2), 674 acres (2.7 km2) of which are federal. The Johnson family continues to donate land to this property; their most recent gift was in April 1995.
Farmhouse of Samuel Ealy Johnson, Sr., the grandfather of President Johnson; he died when Lyndon was six years old.
Air Force One used to bring Lyndon Johnson to the Texas White House
Chuckwagon at LBJ Ranch used for preparing barbecues.
The pool at the LBJ Ranch was installed in 1955 after then Senator Johnson's heart attack. He was supposed to use it for exercise, but Mrs. Johnson spent far more time in the water.
United States Secret Service agents guarding President Johnson lived in this small house while on duty at the LBJ Ranch.
- "National Park Service Visitor Use Statistics". National Park Service. Retrieved August 5, 2013.
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. July 9, 2010.
- Staff (June 2011). "National Historic Landmarks Survey: List of National Historic Landmarks by State (Texas)" (PDF). National Park Service. Retrieved December 16, 2017.
- Gamino, Denice. "Piece of flying history lands on LBJ Ranch". Austin American Statesman. Retrieved August 1, 2013.
- "Lyndon B. Johnson State Park & Historic Site". Retrieved August 1, 2013.
- "The White House Years". Retrieved August 1, 2013.
- "President Lyndon B. Johnson's Biography". Archived from the original on January 18, 2012. Retrieved August 1, 2013.
- "State and National Parks in the Highland Lakes Region of Central Texas". Retrieved August 1, 2013.
- "Lyndon B. Johnson National Historical Park to Temporarily Close Texas White House and Pool House - Lyndon B Johnson National Historical Park (U.S. National Park Service)". www.nps.gov. Retrieved June 6, 2019.
- "Lyndon B. Johnson National Historic Site, Texas Establishment - P.L. 91-134" (PDF). 83 Stat. 274-2. U.S. Government Printing Office. Retrieved December 7, 2013.
- Peters, Gerhard; Woolley, John T. "Richard Nixon: "Statement on Signing Bills for the Preservation of Presidential Birthplaces and Homes.," December 2, 1969". The American Presidency Project. University of California - Santa Barbara. Retrieved December 7, 2013.
- "Lyndon B. Johnson National Historical Park". Retrieved August 1, 2013.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Lyndon B. Johnson National Historical Park.|
- Lyndon B. Johnson National Historical Park travel guide from Wikivoyage
- Lyndon B. Johnson National Historical Park official site
- Secondary National Park Service site on Johnson National Historic Site
- Lyndon B. Johnson National Historical Park from the Handbook of Texas Online
- "Life Portrait of Lyndon B. Johnson", from C-SPAN's American Presidents: Life Portraits, broadcast from the LBJ Ranch, November 12, 1999