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List of National Historic Landmarks in Texas

Map of Texas with National Historic Landmarks named and marked by a dot
Bexar Co. (top left)
Bexar Co.
(top left)
Cameron Co. (top left)
Cameron Co. (top left)
Dallas Co. (bottom left)
Dallas Co. (bottom left)
Galveston Co. (bottom left)
Galveston Co. (bottom left)
Harris Co. (bottom left)
Harris Co. (bottom left)
Travis Co. (bottom left)
Travis Co. (bottom left)
Young Co. (bottom left)
Young Co. (bottom left)
Travis Co. NHLs Governor's Mansion Texas State  Capitol Young Co. NHLs Ft. Belknap Harrell Site (restricted)
Travis Co. NHLs
Governor's Mansion
Texas State  Capitol

Young Co. NHLs
Ft. Belknap
Harrell Site (restricted)
Texas National Historic Landmarks (clickable map)
Brown pog.svg Counties with multiple landmarks
Red pog.svg National Historic Landmarks
Blue pog.svg National Historic Landmark Districts
Orange pog.svg National Historical Parks
Green pog.svg National Historic Site
Purple pog.svg National Historic Landmarks with restricted location (pinned to county, not actual site)

This is a List of National Historic Landmarks in Texas and other landmarks of equivalent landmark status in the state. The United States' National Historic Landmark (NHL) program is operated under the auspices of the National Park Service, and recognizes structures, districts, objects, and similar resources according to a list of criteria of national significance.[1] There are 47 current and one former NHLs in Texas.[2]

Contents

Current and former National Historic Landmarks in TexasEdit

The landmarks in Texas are distributed across 29 of the 254 counties in the state. Nine of the sites are in Bexar County.

Key
Map all coordinates using: OpenStreetMap 
Download coordinates as: KML · GPX
National Historic Landmark
  National Historic Landmark District
  National Historical Park
  National Historic Site
* Delisted Landmark
[Note 1] Landmark name Image Date designated[Note 2] Location County Description
1 Alamo December 19, 1960
(#66000808)
San Antonio
29°25′34″N 98°29′10″W / 29.426058°N 98.486084°W / 29.426058; -98.486084 (Alamo)
Bexar Former mission and fortress compound; now a museum; built by the Spanish Empire in the 18th century; later used as a fortress in the 19th century; scene of the 1836 Battle of the Alamo
2 Apollo Mission Control Center October 3, 1985
(#85002815)
Houston
29°33′23″N 95°05′18″W / 29.556471°N 95.088460°W / 29.556471; -95.088460 (Apollo Mission Control Center)
Harris NASA control center
3  Bastrop State Park September 25, 1997
(#97001242)
Bastrop
30°06′39″N 97°16′25″W / 30.110833°N 97.273611°W / 30.110833; -97.273611 (Bastrop State Park)
Bastrop This park was designed in the 1930s as a showcase of Civilian Conservation Corps work. Its facilities were designed by CCC architect Herbert Maier.
4* USS Cabot June 21, 1990 (1990-06-21)-
August 7, 2001 (2001-08-07)
(#90000334)
Brownsville
Cameron The Cabot was the last remaining of nine former Independence-class light aircraft carriers built in late 1943. War correspondent Ernie Pyle dubbed her the "Iron Maiden" as she served in nearly every major Pacific battle of WW II during her service without repair stops earning her nine battle stars and a Presidential Unit Citation. She would later be transferred to the Spanish Navy where she would serve from 1967-1989 as the SNS Dédalo. She was later purchased by preservation interests and returned to the U.S. first at New Orleans and then moored at Brownsville in 1997. As fund-raising efforts for her rehabilitation were ultimately unsuccessful, she was scrapped for salvage in "2000.[3]
5  Dealey Plaza Historic District October 12, 1993
(#93001607)
Dallas
32°46′43″N 96°48′30″W / 32.778611°N 96.808333°W / 32.778611; -96.808333 (Dealey Plaza Historic District)
Dallas Site of Kennedy assassination and surrounding buildings that are rumored to have held additional assassins.
6  East End Historic District May 11, 1976
(#75001979)
Galveston
29°18′16″N 94°46′58″W / 29.304444°N 94.782778°W / 29.304444; -94.782778 (East End Historic District)
Galveston Galveston's East End was where the city elite built a number of elaborate mansions.
7 ELISSA (Bark) December 14, 1990
(#78002930)
Galveston
29°20′00″N 94°46′39″W / 29.333255°N 94.777452°W / 29.333255; -94.777452 (ELISSA (Bark))
Galveston Tall ship launched in 1877
8 Espada Aqueduct July 19, 1964
(#66000809)
San Antonio
29°19′57″N 98°27′41″W / 29.332523°N 98.461469°W / 29.332523; -98.461469 (Espada Aqueduct)
Bexar Built by Franciscan friars in 1731 to supply irrigation water to the lands near Mission San Francisco de la Espada
9  Fair Park Texas Centennial Buildings September 24, 1986
(#86003488)
Dallas
32°46′55″N 96°45′56″W / 32.781944°N 96.765556°W / 32.781944; -96.765556 (Fair Park Texas Centennial Buildings)
Dallas Surviving Art Deco buildings from the 1936 Texas Centennial Exposition.
10 Fort Belknap December 19, 1960
(#66000824)
Newcastle
33°09′03″N 98°44′28″W / 33.150775°N 98.741211°W / 33.150775; -98.741211 (Fort Belknap)
Young Key frontier post of the 1850s; now a museum.
11  Fort Brown December 19, 1960
(#66000811)
Brownsville
25°53′54″N 97°29′32″W / 25.898333°N 97.492222°W / 25.898333; -97.492222 (Fort Brown)
Cameron Military post of the United States Army in Texas during the latter half of 19th century and the early part of the 20th century
12  Fort Concho July 4, 1961
(#66000823)
San Angelo
31°27′10″N 100°25′45″W / 31.452778°N 100.429167°W / 31.452778; -100.429167 (Fort Concho)
Tom Green Established as U.S. Army post in 1867; deactivated 1889; comprises most of the original fort
13  Fort Davis December 19, 1960
(#66000045)
Fort Davis
30°35′45″N 103°55′33″W / 30.595833°N 103.925833°W / 30.595833; -103.925833 (Fort Davis)
Jeff Davis From 1854 to 1891 Fort Davis protected migrants, mail coaches, and freight wagons, and controlled the southern stem of the Great Comanche War Trail and Mescalero Apache war trails.
14 Fort Richardson November 27, 1963
(#66000816)
Jacksboro
33°12′29″N 98°09′53″W / 33.208056°N 98.164722°W / 33.208056; -98.164722 (Fort Richardson)
Jack This Texas frontier fort was established in 1867 and abandoned in 1878. It was renovated and reopened as a state park in 1973.
15 Fort Sam Houston May 15, 1975
(#75001950)
San Antonio
29°28′35″N 98°25′51″W / 29.476255°N 98.43083°W / 29.476255; -98.43083 (Fort Sam Houston)
Bexar Since the 1870s this facility has served as a major military base for the southern United States. It housed Geronimo following his capture, and has been used as the launching point for a variety of military operations.
16 John Nance Garner House December 8, 1976
(#76002074)
Uvalde
29°12′44″N 99°47′31″W / 29.212152°N 99.791837°W / 29.212152; -99.791837 (John Nance Garner House)
Uvalde Home of John Nance Garner, Vice President under Franklin Delano Roosevelt
17 Governor's Mansion December 2, 1974
(#70000896)
Austin
30°16′20″N 97°44′34″W / 30.272318°N 97.742708°W / 30.272318; -97.742708 (Governor's Mansion)
Travis First designated Texas historic landmark, damaged by arson June 8, 2008
18 HA. 19 (Midget Submarine) June 30, 1989
(#89001428)
Fredericksburg
30°16′20″N 98°52′06″W / 30.272222°N 98.868333°W / 30.272222; -98.868333 (HA. 19 (Midget Submarine))
Gillespie Historic I.J.N. Ko-hyoteki class midget submarine; part of the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941; grounded and captured
19 Hangar 9, Brooks Air Force Base December 8, 1976
(#70000895)
San Antonio
29°20′32″N 98°26′37″W / 29.342129°N 98.443645°W / 29.342129; -98.443645 (Hangar 9, Brooks Air Force Base)
Bexar Only surviving hangar of 16 built at Brooks Air Force Base (now Brooks City-Base) in 1918. Now a special events venue.
20 Harrell Site July 19, 1964
(#66000825)
South Bend
Young A late prehistoric Plains Indian archeological site.
21 Highland Park Shopping Village February 16, 2000
(#97001393)
Highland Park
32°50′09″N 96°48′20″W / 32.835833°N 96.805556°W / 32.835833; -96.805556 (Highland Park Shopping Village)
Dallas Second shopping mall constructed in the U.S.; opened in 1931, and still in operation
22  J A Ranch December 19, 1960
(#66000807)
Amarillo
34°49′00″N 101°11′17″W / 34.816667°N 101.188056°W / 34.816667; -101.188056 (J A Ranch)
Armstrong Founded by John George Adair and Charles Goodnight, this is still one of the largest ranches in the Texas Panhandle, and remains in the hands of Adair descendants.
23  Lyndon Baines Johnson Boyhood Home May 23, 1966
(#69000202)
Johnson City
30°14′27″N 98°37′27″W / 30.240833°N 98.624167°W / 30.240833; -98.624167 (Lyndon Baines Johnson Boyhood Home)
Blanco Boyhood home of President Lyndon B. Johnson. Johnson lived here from the age of five until his high school graduation in 1924.
24  King Ranch November 5, 1961
(#66000820)
Kingsville
27°31′07″N 97°55′01″W / 27.518611°N 97.916944°W / 27.518611; -97.916944 (King Ranch)
Kenedy, Kleberg, Nueces, and Willacy Founded in 1853, this is the largest ranch in the United States; it is larger than Rhode Island.
25 Landergin Mesa July 19, 1964
(#66000821)
Vega
Oldham This is a major Panhandle culture archeological site.
26 USS Lexington July 19, 2003
(#03001043)
Corpus Christi
27°48′54″N 97°23′19″W / 27.815°N 97.388611°W / 27.815; -97.388611 (USS Lexington)
Nueces This Essex-class aircraft carrier, known as "The Blue Ghost", was the fifth United States Naval ship named in honor of the Revolutionary War Battle of Lexington. After service in the Second World War and the Cold War, it is now a museum ship.
27 Lubbock Lake Site December 22, 1977
(#71000948)
Lubbock
33°37′19″N 101°53′23″W / 33.621944°N 101.889722°W / 33.621944; -101.889722 (Lubbock Lake Site)
Lubbock This major archeological site includes evidence from as far back as 10,000BC. The public can view ongoing archeological work at the site.
28 Lucas Gusher, Spindletop Oil Field November 13, 1966
(#66000818)
Beaumont
30°01′09″N 94°04′26″W / 30.019167°N 94.073889°W / 30.019167; -94.073889 (Lucas Gusher, Spindletop Oil Field)

30°01′09″N 94°04′26″W / 30.019167°N 94.073889°W / 30.019167; -94.073889 (Lucas Gusher, Spindletop Oil Field)
Jefferson The Spindletop Oil Field was in 1901 where the first major oil gusher of the Texas Oil Boom was discovered.
29 Majestic Theatre April 19, 1993
(#75001952)
San Antonio
29°25′35″N 98°29′27″W / 29.426460°N 98.490713°W / 29.426460; -98.490713 (Majestic Theatre)
Bexar This 1929 theater is the largest in Texas and the second largest in the United States.
30 Mission Concepcion April 15, 1970
(#70000740)
San Antonio
29°23′27″N 98°29′34″W / 29.390888°N 98.492760°W / 29.390888; -98.492760 (Mission Concepcion)
Bexar Part of San Antonio Missions National Historical Park, this 1731 Spanish mission was also the site of the 1831 Battle of Concepción, and early action in the Texas Revolution.
31 Jose Antonio Navarro House Complex December 23, 2016
(#100000830)
San Antonio
29°25′22″N 98°29′49″W / 29.422778°N 98.496944°W / 29.422778; -98.496944 (Jose Antonio Navarro House Complex)
Bexar Home of Tejano rights advocate José Antonio Navarro, one of only two native-born Texans to sign the Texas Declaration of Independence.
32 Palmito Ranch Battlefield September 25, 1997
(#93000266)
Brownsville
25°56′48″N 97°17′07″W / 25.946667°N 97.285278°W / 25.946667; -97.285278 (Palmito Ranch Battlefield)
Cameron Site of the 1865 Battle of Palmito Ranch, the last major engagement of the American Civil War.
33  Palo Alto Battlefield December 19, 1960
(#66000812)
Brownsville
26°01′17″N 97°28′50″W / 26.021389°N 97.480556°W / 26.021389; -97.480556 (Palo Alto Battlefield)
Cameron Site of the 1846 Battle of Palo Alto, a precipitating event of the Mexican–American War.
34 Plainview Site January 20, 1961
(#66000814)
Plainview
Hale A major archeological site known for Plainview point spear tips.
35 Walter C. Porter Farm July 19, 1964
(#66000819)
Terrell
32°46′40″N 96°16′28″W / 32.777778°N 96.274444°W / 32.777778; -96.274444 (Walter C. Porter Farm)
Kaufman Part of this farm was used as an experimental agricultural farm in the early 20th century. Successful experiments here led to the establishment of the United States Department of Agriculture's Agricultural Extension Service.
36 Presidio Nuestra Senora De Loreto De La Bahia December 24, 1967
(#67000024)
Goliad
28°38′48″N 97°22′54″W / 28.646667°N 97.381667°W / 28.646667; -97.381667 (Presidio Nuestra Senora De Loreto De La Bahia)
Goliad Chapel and former fortress compound; now a museum; built by the Spanish Empire in the 18th century; also used as a fortress in the 19th century; scene of the 1836 Battle of Goliad and Goliad Massacre
37  Randolph Field Historic District August 7, 2001
(#96000753)
San Antonio
29°31′56″N 98°16′48″W / 29.532222°N 98.28°W / 29.532222; -98.28 (Randolph Field Historic District)
Bexar The historic core of Randolph Air Force Base, this area was established in the 1920s as a training field for military aviators.
38 Samuel T. Rayburn House May 11, 1976
(#72001361)
Bonham
33°34′05″N 96°12′26″W / 33.567967°N 96.207174°W / 33.567967; -96.207174 (Samuel T. Rayburn House)
Fannin Longtime home of United States Speaker of the House Samuel T. Rayburn
39 Resaca De La Palma Battlefield December 19, 1960
(#66000813)
Brownsville
25°56′15″N 97°29′10″W / 25.9375°N 97.486111°W / 25.9375; -97.486111 (Resaca De La Palma Battlefield)
Cameron Site of the 1846 Battle of Resaca de La Palma, fought early in the Mexican–American War.
40  Roma Historic District November 4, 1993
(#72001371)
Roma
26°24′22″N 99°01′05″W / 26.406111°N 99.018056°W / 26.406111; -99.018056 (Roma Historic District)
Starr A well-preserved 19th century Rio Grande border town.
41 San Jacinto Battlefield December 19, 1960
(#66000815)
Houston
29°44′56″N 95°04′49″W / 29.748889°N 95.080278°W / 29.748889; -95.080278 (San Jacinto Battlefield)
Harris Site of the decisive Battle of San Jacinto, securing the independence of Texas from Mexico.
42 Space Environment Simulation Laboratory, Chambers A and B October 3, 1985
(#85002810)
Houston
29°33′32″N 95°05′17″W / 29.559003°N 95.0881°W / 29.559003; -95.0881 (Space Environment Simulation Laboratory, Chambers A and B)
Harris This laboratory for testing equipment in space-like environments has been in use since 1965.
43 Spanish Governor's Palace April 15, 1970
(#70000741)
San Antonio
29°25′30″N 98°29′40″W / 29.425082°N 98.494570°W / 29.425082; -98.494570 (Spanish Governor's Palace)
Bexar This early Spanish colonial house was home to aristocratic leaders of the Spanish Texas, and is now a city museum.
44  Strand Historic District May 11, 1976
(#70000748)
Galveston
29°18′23″N 94°47′37″W / 29.306389°N 94.793611°W / 29.306389; -94.793611 (Strand Historic District)
Galveston The Victorian downtown of Galveston.
45 USS TEXAS December 8, 1976
(#76002039)
Houston
29°45′15″N 95°05′22″W / 29.754217°N 95.089499°W / 29.754217; -95.089499 (USS TEXAS)
Harris After seeing action in the First and Second World Wars, this ship was the first United States Navy battleship to become a museum, and the first to be named a National Historic Landmark.
46 Texas State Capitol June 23, 1986
(#70000770)
Austin
30°16′22″N 97°44′28″W / 30.272734°N 97.741078°W / 30.272734; -97.741078 (Texas State Capitol)
Travis The seat of Texas government, construction on this Italian Renaissance Revival building began in the 1870s.
47 Trevino-Uribe Rancho August 5, 1998
(#73002342)
San Ygnacio
27°02′42″N 99°26′36″W / 27.045°N 99.443333°W / 27.045; -99.443333 (Trevino-Uribe Rancho)
Zapata Fortified house built c. 1830, shortly after San Ygnacio's founding.
48 Woodland May 30, 1974
(#74002097)
Huntsville
30°42′53″N 95°33′10″W / 30.714722°N 95.552778°W / 30.714722; -95.552778 (Woodland)
Walker This modest house was the home of Texas leader Sam Houston in the 1840s and 1850s.
Notes
  1. ^ Numbers represent an ordering by significant words. Various colorings, defined here, differentiate National Historic Landmarks and historic districts from other NRHP buildings, structures, sites or objects.
  2. ^ The eight-digit number below each date is the number assigned to each location in the National Register Information System database, which can be viewed by clicking the number.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Staff (April 15, 2015). "Learn about the National Historic Landmarks Program". National Park Service. Retrieved October 24, 2016.
  2. ^ Staff (June 2011). "National Historic Landmarks Survey: List of National Historic Landmarks by State (Texas)" (PDF). National Park Service. Retrieved October 24, 2016..
  3. ^ Staff (September 5, 2014). "U.S.S. Cabot (CVL-28)". National Historic Landmarks Program, National Park Service. Retrieved October 22, 2016.

External linksEdit