List of residences of presidents of the United States

Listed below are the private residences of the various presidents of the United States. For a list of official residences, see President of the United States § Residence.

Private homes of the presidentsEdit

 
Mount Vernon, George Washington's Fairfax County, Virginia plantation home
 
Monticello, Thomas Jefferson's Albemarle County, Virginia plantation home; appears on the back of the U.S. nickel
 
Peacefield, the home of John Adams and John Quincy Adams in Quincy, Massachusetts
 
The Kennedy Compound, John F. Kennedy's Hyannis Port, Massachusetts home
 
La Casa Pacifica, Richard Nixon's San Clemente, California home
 
Walker's Point, George H. W. Bush's Kennebunkport, Maine home

This is a list of homes where presidents resided with their families before or after their term of office.

Order President Location
1 George Washington Mount Vernon, Mount Vernon, Virginia
2 John Adams Peacefield, Quincy, Massachusetts
3 Thomas Jefferson Monticello, Charlottesville, Virginia
Poplar Forest, Forest, Virginia
4 James Madison Montpelier, Orange, Virginia
5 James Monroe Ash Lawn-Highland, Charlottesville, Virginia
Oak Hill, Leesburg, Virginia
6 John Quincy Adams Peacefield, Quincy, Massachusetts
7 Andrew Jackson The Hermitage, Hermitage, Tennessee
8 Martin Van Buren Lindenwald, Kinderhook, New York
9 William Henry Harrison Berkeley Plantation, Charles City County, Virginia
Grouseland, Vincennes, Indiana
10 John Tyler Sherwood Forest Plantation, Charles City County, Virginia
11 James K. Polk James K. Polk Home, Columbia, Tennessee
Polk Place, Nashville, Tennessee (demolished)
12 Zachary Taylor Springfield Plantation, Louisville, Kentucky
13 Millard Fillmore Fillmore House, East Aurora, New York
14 Franklin Pierce Franklin Pierce Homestead, Hillsborough, New Hampshire
Pierce Manse, Concord, New Hampshire
15 James Buchanan Wheatland, Lancaster, Pennsylvania
16 Abraham Lincoln Lincoln Home, Springfield, Illinois
17 Andrew Johnson Andrew Johnson Home, Greeneville, Tennessee
18 Ulysses S. Grant Ulysses S. Grant Home, Galena, Illinois
Grant's Farm, St. Louis, Missouri
19 Rutherford B. Hayes Spiegel Grove, Fremont, Ohio
20 James A. Garfield Lawnfield, Mentor, Ohio
21 Chester A. Arthur Chester A. Arthur Home, New York City
22/24 Grover Cleveland Westland Mansion, Princeton, New Jersey
23 Benjamin Harrison Benjamin Harrison Home, Indianapolis, Indiana
25 William McKinley William McKinley Home, Canton, Ohio
26 Theodore Roosevelt Sagamore Hill, Cove Neck, New York
27 William Howard Taft Taft House, Cincinnati, Ohio
28 Woodrow Wilson Woodrow Wilson House, Washington, D.C.

Augusta, Georgia

29 Warren G. Harding Warren G. Harding House, Marion, Ohio
30 Calvin Coolidge Calvin Coolidge House, Northampton, Massachusetts
Coolidge Homestead, Plymouth Notch, Vermont
31 Herbert Hoover Forest Hills, Washington, D.C.
Herbert Hoover National Historic Site, West Branch, Iowa
Lou Henry and Herbert Hoover House, Stanford, California
Waldorf Astoria New York, New York City
32 Franklin D. Roosevelt Springwood, Hyde Park, New York
Little White House, Warm Springs, Georgia
33 Harry S. Truman Truman Home, Independence, Missouri
34 Dwight D. Eisenhower Eisenhower Farm, Gettysburg, Pennsylvania
35 John F. Kennedy Kennedy Compound, Hyannis Port, Massachusetts

Wexford, Marshall, Virginia

36 Lyndon B. Johnson LBJ Ranch, Stonewall, Texas
37 Richard Nixon Yorba Linda, California,

Whittier, California,

New York City, New York,

La Casa Pacifica, San Clemente, California,

Saddle River, New Jersey,

Park Ridge, New Jersey[1]

38 Gerald Ford Gerald R. Ford Jr. House, Alexandria, Virginia
Rancho Mirage, California
39 Jimmy Carter 209 Woodland Drive, Plains, Georgia
40 Ronald Reagan General Electric Showcase House, Pacific Palisades, Los Angeles
Rancho del Cielo, Santa Barbara, California
Bel Air, Los Angeles, California
41 George H. W. Bush Walker's Point, Kennebunkport, Maine
West Oaks, Houston, Texas
42 Bill Clinton Clinton House, Fayetteville, Arkansas
Chappaqua, New York
Washington, D.C.
43 George W. Bush Prairie Chapel Ranch, Crawford, Texas
Preston Hollow, Dallas, Texas
44 Barack Obama Hyde Park, Chicago, Illinois
Kalorama (Washington, D.C.)
45 Donald Trump Trump Tower, New York City
Mar-a-Lago, Palm Beach, Florida
See Residences of Donald Trump
46 Joe Biden Greenville, Delaware

Presidential vacation homesEdit

During their term of office, many presidents have owned or leased vacation homes in various parts of the country, which are often called by journalists the "Western White House", "Summer White House", or "Winter White House", depending on location or season.

Summer White HouseEdit

The "Summer White House" is typically the name given to the summer vacation residence of the sitting president of the United States aside from Camp David, the mountain-based military camp in Frederick County, Maryland, used as a country retreat and for high-alert protection of presidents and their guests.

Years President Property name Location
1789–1797 George Washington Mount Vernon Fairfax County, Virginia
1793–1794 George Washington Deshler-Morris House Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
1805–1808 Thomas Jefferson Poplar Forest Forest, Virginia
1853–1857 Franklin Pierce 48 Central Street[2] Andover, Massachusetts[3]
1857–1860 James Buchanan Bedford Springs Hotel Bedford, Pennsylvania
1862–1864 Abraham Lincoln Cottage at the Soldiers' Home Washington, D.C.
1869–1876 Ulysses S. Grant Ulysses S. Grant Cottage[4] Long Branch, New Jersey
1877–1881 Rutherford B. Hayes Spiegel Grove Fremont, Ohio
1886–1888 Grover Cleveland Oak View Upon Red Top[5] Washington, D.C.
1887–1888 Grover Cleveland Wateridge Marion, Massachusetts
1889–1892 Benjamin Harrison Congress Hall Cape May, New Jersey
1893–1896 Grover Cleveland Gray Gables Bourne, Massachusetts
1893–1896 Grover Cleveland Woodley[5] Washington, D.C.
1897, 1899 William McKinley Hotel Champlain Plattsburgh, New York
1901–1908 Theodore Roosevelt Sagamore Hill Cove Neck, New York
1909–1910 William Howard Taft Stetson Cottage Beverly, Massachusetts
1911–1912 William Howard Taft Parramatta Beverly, Massachusetts
1913–1915 Woodrow Wilson Harlakenden Cornish, New Hampshire
1916 Woodrow Wilson Shadow Lawn West Long Branch, New Jersey
1924 Calvin Coolidge Coolidge Homestead Plymouth Notch, Vermont
1925 Calvin Coolidge White Court Swampscott, Massachusetts
1926 Calvin Coolidge White Pine Camp Paul Smiths, New York
1927 Calvin Coolidge Custer State Park Custer County, South Dakota (Black Hills)
1928 Calvin Coolidge Cedar Island Lodge Brule, Wisconsin
1929–1932 Herbert Hoover Lou Henry and Herbert Hoover House Palo Alto, California
1933–1939 Franklin D. Roosevelt Roosevelt Campobello International Park Campobello Island, New Brunswick, Canada
1933–1944 Franklin D. Roosevelt Little White House Warm Springs, Georgia
1933–1944 Franklin D. Roosevelt Springwood Hyde Park, New York
1953–1955 Dwight D. Eisenhower Lowry Air Force Base Denver, Colorado
1956–1960 Dwight D. Eisenhower Commandant's Residence, Fort Adams Newport, Rhode Island
1961–1963 John F. Kennedy Hammersmith Farm Newport, Rhode Island
1961–1963 John F. Kennedy Kennedy Compound Hyannis Port, Massachusetts
1964–1968 Lyndon B. Johnson LBJ Ranch Gillespie County, Texas
1969–1974 Richard Nixon Florida White House Key Biscayne, Florida
1969–1974 Richard Nixon La Casa Pacifica San Clemente, California
1974–1977 Gerald Ford Bass Residence Vail, Colorado
1974–1977 Gerald Ford Firestone Residence Palm Springs, California
1977–1980 Jimmy Carter 209 Woodland Drive Plains, Georgia
1981–1988 Ronald Reagan Rancho del Cielo Santa Barbara, California
1989–1992 George H. W. Bush Walker's Point Estate Kennebunkport, Maine
1998–1999 Bill Clinton Georgica Pond East Hampton, New York
2001–2008 George W. Bush Prairie Chapel Ranch Crawford, Texas
2009–2012 Barack Obama Blue Heron Farm Martha's Vineyard, Massachusetts
2013 Barack Obama Chilmark House[6] Martha's Vineyard, Massachusetts
2017–2020 Donald Trump Trump National Golf Club Bedminster[7] Bedminster, New Jersey

Winter White HouseEdit

A "Winter White House" is typically the name given to the winter vacation residence of the standing president of the United States aside from Camp David, the mountain-based military camp in Frederick County, Maryland, used as a country retreat and for high-alert protection of the president and his guests.

Although Harry Truman and John F. Kennedy had spent significant time in Florida (Harry Truman having spent time there in the summer), Richard Nixon's Florida White House was the first that reporters called the "Winter White House".[8]

Years President Property name Location
1912–1913 Woodrow Wilson Beaulieu (John M. Ayer Estate, Dixie White House)[9] Pass Christian, Mississippi
1921–1923[a] Warren G. Harding John Ringling Estate Bird Key, Florida
1923–1929 Calvin Coolidge Howard E. Coffin Estate Sapelo Island, Georgia
1933–1945 Franklin D. Roosevelt Little White House Warm Springs, Georgia
1945–1953 Harry S. Truman Harry S. Truman Little White House[8] Key West, Florida
1953–1961 Dwight D. Eisenhower Eisenhower Cabin, Augusta National Golf Club Augusta, Georgia
1961–1963 John F. Kennedy La Querida[10] Palm Beach, Florida
1969–1974 Richard Nixon Nixon's Florida White House Key Biscayne, Florida
2009–2017 Barack Obama Plantation Estate[11] Kailua, Honolulu County, Hawaii
2017–2021 Donald Trump Mar-a-Lago[8] Palm Beach, Florida

Western/Southern White HouseEdit

 
President George W. Bush speaks to the press from his Crawford, Texas ranch on Sunday August 28, 2005. The logo in the background was created by the Bush Administration in August 2001, and it was displayed at press briefings during Bush's stays at his ranch in Crawford. The sign reads:
THE WESTERN WHITE HOUSE
CRAWFORD, TEXAS

The Western White House and Southern White House are terms sometimes applied to additional residences of the president, especially when those residences are very distant from the District of Columbia. Famous examples include Donald Trump's Mar-a-Lago resort in Palm Beach, Florida, as well as George W. Bush's Prairie Chapel Ranch in Crawford, Texas; Lyndon B. Johnson, Richard M. Nixon and Ronald Reagan have also used the term for their private residences (Nixon and Reagan in California, Johnson in Texas).[12][13][14]

Other secondary "White Houses"Edit

The first governmental spending on property improvements of private presidential residences was at Dwight Eisenhower's Gettysburg farm, where the Secret Service added three guard posts to a fence.[15] Federal law now allows the president to designate a residence outside of the White House as his temporary offices,[16][17] so that federal money can be used to provide required facilities.[18]

Other official residences occupied by presidentsEdit

Official residences occupied while in other officesEdit

This is a list of official residences occupied by presidents with their families (before or after their term of office) while they served in the office related to the residence.

Order President Residence Related office
5 James Monroe Executive Mansion (Richmond, Virginia) Governor of Virginia[19] (served 1799–1802 and 1811)
10 John Tyler Executive Mansion (Roanoke, Virginia) Governor of Virginia[19] (served 1825–1827)
22/24 Grover Cleveland New York State Executive Mansion (Albany, New York) Governor of New York[20] (served 1883–1885)
26 Theodore Roosevelt New York State Executive Mansion (Albany, New York) Governor of New York[20] (served 1899–1900)
27 William Howard Taft Malacañang Palace (Manila, Philippines) Governor-General of the Philippines[21] (served 1901–1903)
28 Woodrow Wilson Prospect House (Princeton, New Jersey) President of Princeton University[22] (served 1902–1910)
32 Franklin Delano Roosevelt New York State Executive Mansion (Albany, New York) Governor of New York[20] (served 1929–1932)
39 Jimmy Carter Georgia Governor's Mansion (Atlanta, Georgia) Governor of Georgia[23] (served 1971–1975)
41 George H. W. Bush Residence of the United States Ambassador to the United Nations (New York City) United States Ambassador to the United Nations (served 1971–1973)
Number One Observatory Circle (Washington, D.C.) Vice President of the United States (served 1981–1989)
42 Bill Clinton Arkansas Governor's Mansion (Little Rock, Arkansas) Governor of Arkansas (served 1979–1981 and 1983–1992)
43 George W. Bush Texas Governor's Mansion (Austin, Texas) Governor of Texas (served 1995–2000)
46 Joe Biden Number One Observatory Circle (Washington, D.C.) Vice President of the United States (served 2009–2017)

Official residences occupied by presidents while another member of their family served in other officesEdit

This is a list of official residences occupied by presidents with their families (before or after their term of office) while another member of their family served in the office related to the residence.

Order President Residence Notes
9 William Henry Harrison Executive Mansion (Richmond, Virginia) Resided there during tenure of his father, Benjamin Harrison V, as governor of Virginia[19]

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Harding died before he could vacation in Bird Key.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Altman, Lawrence K. (April 24, 1994). "THE 37TH PRESIDENT: THE LAST DAYS; Disabled, Yet Retaining Control Over His Care". The New York Times. Archived from the original on February 17, 2016. Retrieved February 12, 2016.
  2. ^ "Welcome to the Andover Historic Preservation Web Site". Andover Preservation Commission.
  3. ^ "'Summer White House' of President Franklin Pierce - place with historical importance". Wikimapia.
  4. ^ Null, Druscilla J. (1984). "Ulysses S. Grant Cottage, 995 Ocean Avenue, Long Branch, Monmouth County, NJ" (PDF). Historic American Buildings Survey. HABS NJ-884.
  5. ^ a b "Frances Cleveland Biography". National First Ladies' Library.
  6. ^ "Martha's Vineyard estate once enjoyed by the Obamas is for sale". July 2015.
  7. ^ Holson, Laura M. (June 3, 2017). "At the 'Summer White House,' You Are Never Far From a Trump Photo". The New York Times. Retrieved January 20, 2021.
  8. ^ a b c Caputo, Marc. "Trump dubs Mar-a-Lago the new 'Winter White House'". Politico.
  9. ^ "Dixie White House".
  10. ^ Hofheinz, Darrell (June 19, 2020). "Former Kennedy estate sells for $70 million in Palm Beach, deed shows". The Florida Times-Union (USA Today Network). Retrieved January 16, 2021.
  11. ^ Rachel Ross (January 18, 2017). "Want to Live Like the President? Barack Obama's Winter White House is Up for Rent". Honolulu Magazine. Retrieved April 25, 2017.
  12. ^ "Nixon's Western White House For Sale". Orange County Register.
  13. ^ "About the Ranch". Young America's Foundation.
  14. ^ "Texas Research Trip". The Hauenstein Center for Presidential Studies. Retrieved August 9, 2006.
  15. ^ Damon, Allan L. (June 1974). "Presidential Expenses". American Heritage Magazine. Vol. 25, no. 4. Archived from the original on January 7, 2009. Retrieved February 14, 2012.
  16. ^ 31 C.F.R. 408.2(c)
  17. ^ "408.1 Authority". Code of Federal Regulations (CFR).
  18. ^ "Reagan Designates Ranch a 'Western White House'". Around the Nation. The New York Times. Associate Press. February 5, 1981. p. A10.
  19. ^ a b c "The Executive Mansion of Virginia Historical Marker". www.hmdb.org. Retrieved February 17, 2022.
  20. ^ a b c Fleming, Joe (November 26, 1985). "Executive mansion toasted, reviledUPI LifeStyle". UPI. Retrieved February 17, 2022.
  21. ^ "Malacanang Palace restored to the people by the people". www.philippines-travel-guide.com. Retrieved February 17, 2022.
  22. ^ "Prospect House | Facilities". facilities.princeton.edu. Princeton University. Retrieved February 17, 2022.
  23. ^ Vejnoska (September 23, 2015). "New book takes peek at life inside Georgia Governor's Mansion". The Atlanta Journal-Constitution. Retrieved February 17, 2022.

External linksEdit