Kvalsund (Northern Sami: Fálesnuorri and Kven: Valasnuora) is a municipality in Finnmark county, Norway. The administrative centre of the municipality is the village of Kvalsund. Other villages in the municipality include Áisaroaivi, Kokelv, Kvalsund, Oldernes, Oldervik, Revsneshamn, Skaidi.
View of Ráhkkerávju
Kvalsund within Finnmark
|• Mayor (2015)||Terje Wikstrøm (Ap)|
|• Total||1,844.29 km2 (712.08 sq mi)|
|• Land||1,739.35 km2 (671.57 sq mi)|
|• Water||104.94 km2 (40.52 sq mi)|
|Area rank||37 in Norway|
(from last year)
|• Rank||393 in Norway|
|• Density||0.6/km2 (2/sq mi)|
|• Change (10 years)||-6 %|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|ISO 3166 code||NO-2017|
|Official language form||Bokmål|
The 1,844-square-kilometre (712 sq mi) municipality is the 37th largest by area out of the 422 municipalities in Norway. Kvalsund is the 393rd most populous municipality in Norway with a population of 1,027. The municipality's population density is 0.6 inhabitants per square kilometre (1.6/sq mi) and its population has decreased by 6% over the last decade.
In 2015 media said that for four years an application has been filed for establishing Norway's largest copper mine, depending on a permit for creating a zone in Repparfjorden for depositing waste from the mine.
The municipality of Kvalsund was established on 1 July 1869 when it was separated from the Hammerfest landdistrikt (the rural municipality surrounding the city of Hammerfest). Initially, Kvalsund had 514 residents. On 1 January 1963, a small area in southern Måsøy (population: 34) was transferred to Kvalsund.
The Old Norse form of the name was Hvalsund. The first element is hvalr which means "whale" and the last element is sund which means "strait" or "sound". The Sámi name also translates to Whale (fáles) Strait (nuorri).
The coat-of-arms is from modern times. They were granted on 27 March 1987. The arms show three silver-colored salmon arranged in a pall on a blue background. The salmon represents fishing in various forms: as a traditional way of living and source of income, as modern fish farming, and as a recreational activity.
|Parish (sokn)||Name||Location||Year built|
All municipalities in Norway, including Kvalsund, are responsible for primary education (through 10th grade), outpatient health services, senior citizen services, unemployment and other social services, zoning, economic development, and municipal roads. The municipality is governed by a municipal council of elected representatives, which in turn elect a mayor.
|Party Name||Name in Norwegian||Number of
|Christian Democratic Party||Kristelig Folkeparti||3|
|Socialist Left Party||Sosialistisk Venstreparti||4|
|Total number of members:||15|
The municipality is mostly located on the mainland, but parts of the municipality are also located on the islands of Kvaløya and Seiland. The Seilandsjøkelen glacier is partially located in Kvalsund. Lakes in the municipality include Bjørnstadvatnet and Doggejávri.
The main village is called Kvalsund in Norwegian and Ráhkkerávju in Sámi. Historically that village was called Finnbyen, a name meaning simply "Coast Sámi settlement". Most villages in the municipality have two names: one in Norwegian and one in Sami. Other villages in the municipality include Skáidi ("meeting-place of rivers" in Sámi); Stállugárgu or Stallogargo ("troll beach"); Neverfjord or Návvuotna; and Kokelv/Guoikejohka. Regarding the latter toponyms, the Neverfjord translates to "tinder fjord" and Návvuotna to "cowshed fjord"; while Kokelv is "boiling river" in Norwegian and Guiokejohka means "rushing river" in Sámi.
|Climate data for Kvalsund|
|Daily mean °C (°F)||−6.0
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||65
|Source: Norwegian Meteorological Institute|
Until a few hundred years ago, Coast Sámi culture was completely dominant in Kvalsund. Norwegian and Kven immigration soon made the area multicultural. During Norwegianization much of the traditional culture was lost. Kokelv is the village that has most successfully preserved elements of Sámi culture, and today has a Coast Sámi museum. The gakti of the Kvalsund region is easily recognizable by dots and jags on the collars (for men) and sleeves (for women).
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- Statistisk sentralbyrå (2017). "Table: 06913: Population 1 January and population changes during the calendar year (M)" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2017-09-09.
- Ytreberg, Rune (2015-09-12). "Dette er ikke en lek". Dagens Næringsliv. p. 16.
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- Rygh, Oluf (1924). Norske gaardnavne: Finmarkens amt (in Norwegian) (18 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. p. 138.
- Norske Kommunevåpen (1990). "Nye kommunevåbener i Norden". Retrieved 2008-12-11.
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- "Table: 04813: Members of the local councils, by party/electoral list at the Municipal Council election (M)" (in Norwegian). Statistics Norway. 2015.
- "eKlima Web Portal". Norwegian Meteorological Institute. Archived from the original on 2004-06-14.