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The Kuwait Army, established in 1949, is the oldest armed branch among the military of Kuwait.[1] Its cavalry and infantry predecessors operated in desert and metropolitan areas in 1919, 1920 and 1928 to 1938, tracing their roots directly to the cavalrymen and infantrymen that defended Al-Kout Fortress since the 19th century along with various mounted defensive forces. The "Kuwait Army" was later established as the Kuwait Land Force, which became the principal land force of the Kuwait Armed Forces.

Kuwait Land Forces
Country Kuwait
BranchMilitary of Kuwait
TypeLand force
Size265,000 personnel approximately
Garrison/HQKuwait City
Nickname(s)His Highness Land Force
Motto(s)الله والوطن والامير
God, Country & The Emir
ColorsGreen & Red
AnniversariesNational and Liberation Day (25 and 26 February)
DecorationsArab and non-Arab Military awards and decorations
Assistant Chief Combat Commander of Kuwait Land ForceLand Force Commander


The Kuwait Army was created in 1949 by Field Marshal Sheikh Abdullah Mubarak Al-Sabah (1949–1961) during the time when its partnership was included part of the Directorate of Public Security Force in 1938 prior to splitting in 1953. As Sheikh Abdullah Mubarak Al-Sabah headed the Directorate of Public Security Force which included the Kuwait Army; the later, was headed by deputy commander Colonel Mubarak Abdullah Al-Jaber Al-Sabah.

Structure and organizationEdit

  • Kuwait 6th Liberation Mechanized Brigade
  • Kuwait 15th Mubarak Armored Brigade
  • Kuwait 26th Al-Soor Mechanized Brigade
  • Kuwait 35th Shahid (Martyr) Armored Brigade
  • Kuwait 94th Saleh Al-Mohammed Mechanized Brigade
  • Kuwait 25th Commando Brigade (Independent)
  • Kuwait Emiri Guard Authority (Independent)
  • Kuwait Military Police Authority (Independent)
  • Kuwait Military Fire Service Directorate


Kuwaiti M-84AB tanks parading on 25 and 26 February 2011 with members of the 34 nations coalition force partners; celebrations that marked the 50th anniversary of the Independence, the 20th anniversary of Liberation and the 5th anniversary of the ascendance of His Highness Sheikh Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah to the leadership of the State of Kuwait.

Armored fighting vehiclesEdit

Name Type Quantity Country of origin Notes
M1A2 Abrams Main Battle Tank 218 United States Delivered between 1994–97, to be upgraded
M-84AB Main Battle Tank 149 Yugoslavia 200 Ordered 1989 and 15 in service by 1990
Desert Warrior Infantry Fighting Vehicle 254 United Kingdom 236 with 25 mm gun, 18 APC. in 2009 Kuwait Upgraded the fire control system, (GITS II) hardware, Improved Thermal Sight System and 2nd Generation Forward-Looking Infrared Radar
BMP-3 Infantry Fighting Vehicle 245 Soviet Union 142 delivered in 1994–1997. A new contract was signed in 2009 for 70 BMP-3M delivered in 2010-2011. another Contract was signed in 2014 for 33 more, Executed on 30 September 2015.
BMP-2 Infantry Fighting Vehicle 76 Soviet Union 245 delivered between 1989–90 and 46 delivered between 1994–95, 76 in service as of 2005
M113A2 Armoured Personnel Carrier 80 United States Active
M577 Armoured Personnel Carrier 30 United States Command post vehicle
Fahd 240 Armoured Personnel Carrier 60 Egypt First delivered in 1988. not clear how many are in service =>[2]
M88A2 Hercules Armoured Recovery Vehicle 14 United States
M-84AI Armoured Recovery Vehicle 15 Poland, Yugoslavia Polish WZT-3 built under license by Yugoslavia as M-84AI
Fuchs 2 NBC-RS Armoured Personnel Carrier 0 Germany NBC vehicle, 12 on order[3]

Logistics and utility vehiclesEdit

Name Type Quantity Country of origin Notes
Humvee Multipurpose Wheeled Vehicle 2,300 United States

Self-propelled field artilleryEdit

Name Type Quantity Country of origin Notes
PLZ-45 Self-propelled howitzer 75 China 27 delivered 2000–01, 24 between 2002–03 and 24 ordered 2003
M-109A1B Self-propelled howitzer 23 United States Withdrawn from service

Multiple launch rocket systems

Name Type Quantity Country of


BM-30 Smerch Multiple rocket launcher 27 Russia Purchased 1995–96


Name Type Quantity Country of origin Notes
RPG-7 Rocket-propelled grenade Soviet Union
TOW M-901 Anti-tank guided weapon 8 United States
M966/M966A1 TOW Missile Carrier 66 United States TOW Missile Carrier
TOW II Anti-tank guided weapon 82 launchers United States
AT-5 Spandrel Anti-tank guided weapon 2402 Missiles Soviet Union
AT-4 Spigot Anti-tank guided weapon 4601 Missiles Soviet Union
AT-10 Anti-tank guided weapon 1250 Missiles Russia
9M133 Kornet Anti-tank guided weapon Russia
Carl Gustav M3 Recoilless rifle 200 Sweden

Kuwait Army RanksEdit

His Highness, the Emir of Kuwait: Commander-in-chief of the Military of Kuwait (Arabic: القائد الأعلى للقوات المسلحة الكويتية‎)

His Highness, the Crown Prince of Kuwait: Deputy Commander-in-Chief of the Military of Kuwait (Arabic: نائب القائد الأعلى للقوات المسلحة الكويتية‎)

Commissioned OfficersEdit

NATO code
OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) and student officer
No equivalent                     No equivalent
(فريق أول)
Lieutenant General
Major General
Brigadier General
Lieutenant Colonel
First Lieutenant
(ملازم أول)
Second Lieutenant


NATO code
OR-9 OR-8 OR-7 OR-6 OR-5 OR-4 OR-3 OR-2 OR-1
    No equivalent       No equivalent   No insignia
Chief Warrant Officer
وکیل اول
Warrant Officer
Sergeant First Class
رقیب اول
Private 1st Class
وکیل عریف

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Enein, Youssef H. Aboul (May–June 2004). "A History of the Kuwaiti Armed Forces". Military Review. 84 (3). Retrieved 12 October 2013. – via Questia (subscription required)
  2. ^ John Pike (22 April 2013). "Kuwait – Army Equipment". Retrieved 24 March 2014.
  3. ^ Army Recognition. "World Defence News: Rheinmetall of Germany contract to supply 12 Fuchs 2 NBC 6x6 reconnaissance vehicles to Kuwait".

External linksEdit