The Kuwait Army, established in 1949, is the oldest armed branch among the military of Kuwait.[1] Its cavalry and infantry predecessors operated in desert and metropolitan areas in 1919, 1920 and 1928 to 1938, tracing their roots directly to the cavalrymen and infantrymen that defended Al-Kout Fortress since the 19th century along with various mounted defensive forces. The "Kuwait Army" was later established as the Kuwait Land Force, which became the principal land force of the Kuwait Armed Forces.

Kuwait Land Forces
Country Kuwait
BranchMilitary of Kuwait
TypeLand force
Size25,000 personnel
Garrison/HQKuwait City
Nickname(s)His Highness Land Force
Motto(s)الله والوطن والامير
God, Country & The Emir
ColorsGreen & Red
AnniversariesNational and Liberation Day (25 and 26 February)
Engagements
DecorationsMilitary awards and decorations
Commanders
Assistant Chief Combat Commander of Kuwait Land ForceLand Force Commander
Notable
commanders
Mubarak Al-Sabah
Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah
Rahmah ibn Jabir al-Jalhami

HistoryEdit

The Kuwait Army was created in 1949 by Field Marshal Sheikh Abdullah Mubarak Al-Sabah (1949–1961) during the time when its partnership was included part of the Directorate of Public Security Force in 1938 prior to splitting in 1953. As Sheikh Abdullah Mubarak Al-Sabah headed the Directorate of Public Security Force which included the Kuwait Army; the later, was headed by deputy commander Colonel Mubarak Abdullah Al-Jaber Al-Sabah.

In 1990 and 1991, during the first Gulf War, most of the equipment was seized and or destroyed by invading Iraqi forces. At that time the Kuwait military was a lot smaller.

Structure and organizationEdit

  • Kuwait 6th Liberation Mechanized Brigade
  • Kuwait 15th Mubarak Armored Brigade
  • Kuwait 26th Al-Soor Mechanized Brigade
  • Kuwait 35th Shahid (Martyr) Armored Brigade
  • Kuwait 94th Saleh Al-Mohammed Mechanized Brigade
  • Kuwait 25th Commando Brigade (Independent)
  • Kuwait Emiri Guard Authority (Independent)
  • Kuwait Military Police Authority (Independent)
  • Kuwait Military Fire Service Directorate

EquipmentEdit

 
Kuwaiti M-84AB tanks parading on 25 and 26 February 2011 with members of the 34 nations coalition force partners; celebrations that marked the 50th anniversary of the Independence, the 20th anniversary of Liberation and the 5th anniversary of the ascendance of His Highness Sheikh Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah to the leadership of the State of Kuwait.

Armored fighting vehiclesEdit

Name Type Quantity Country of origin Notes
M1A2 Abrams Main battle tank 218 United States
M-84AB Main battle tank 149 Yugoslavia 200 Ordered 1989 and 15 in service by 1990
Desert Warrior Infantry fighting vehicle 254 United Kingdom 236 with 25 mm gun, 18 APC. in 2009 Kuwait Upgraded the fire control system, (GITS II) hardware, Improved Thermal Sight System and 2nd Generation Forward-Looking Infrared Radar
BMP-3 Infantry fighting vehicle ~200 Soviet Union 142 delivered in 1994–1997. A new contract was signed in 2009 for 70 BMP-3M delivered in 2010-2011. another Contract was signed in 2014 for 33 more, Executed on 30 September 2015.
BMP-2 Infantry fighting vehicle 76 Soviet Union 245 delivered between 1989–90 and 46 delivered between 1994–95, 76 in service as of 2005
M113A2 Armoured personnel carrier 260 United States 230 M113A2, 30 M577 (CP)
M577 Armoured personnel carrier 30 United States the Kuwait Army operates 30 M577 Command Post Vehicles, mostly M577A1s. Following the 1991 Gulf War a number of M577A3s were purchased from the U.S. to replace vehicles destroyed by Iraqis forces.
Fahd 240 Armoured personnel carrier 60 Egypt Second largest operator in 1988. The Fahd was used by the Kuwaiti side during the invasion of Kuwait, when it lost most of them. Kuwait received more units in 1994, and had most of its captured units returned by Iraq in 1995. =>[2]
M88A2 Hercules Armoured recovery vehicle 14 United States 14× M88A2 in service with the Kuwait Army.
M-84AI Armoured recovery vehicle 15 Poland, Yugoslavia Polish WZT-3 built under license by Yugoslavia as M-84AI
Fuchs 2 NBC-RS Armoured personnel carrier 0 Germany NBC vehicle, 12 on order[3]

Logistics and utility vehiclesEdit

Name Type Quantity Country of origin Notes
Humvee Multipurpose wheeled vehicle unkown United States Vehicles sold via the U.S. Foreign Military Sales program

Self-propelled field artilleryEdit

 
Kuwati BM-30 Smerch MLRS firing during a training exercise in 2021
Name Type Quantity Country of origin Notes
PLZ-45 Self-propelled howitzer 51 China (51) 27 PLZ-45s (to form a training platoon and the first battalion) ordered in 1998 and delivered in 2000–2001. 24 more howitzers (to form the second battalion) were ordered in 2001 and delivered in 2002–2003.
M-109A1B Self-propelled howitzer 23 United States Withdrawn from service

Multiple launch rocket systems

Name Type Quantity Country of origin Notes
BM-30 Smerch Multiple rocket launcher 27 Russia Purchased 1995–96

Anti-tankEdit

Name Type Quantity Country of origin Notes
RPG-7 Rocket-propelled grenade Soviet Union
TOW M-901 Anti-tank guided weapon 400 United States
M966/M966A1 TOW missile carrier 900 United States
TOW II Anti-tank guided weapon 82 launchers United States
AT-5 Spandrel Anti-tank guided weapon 2402 missiles Soviet Union
AT-4 Spigot Anti-tank guided weapon 4601 Missiles Soviet Union
AT-10 Anti-tank guided weapon 1250 Missiles Russia
9M133 Kornet Anti-tank guided weapon Russia
Carl Gustav M3 Recoilless rifle 200 Sweden

Small armsEdit

Name Type Caliber Country of origin Notes
Beretta 92 Semi-automatic pistol 9×19mm Parabellum Italy
Browning HP Semi-automatic pistol Belgium
CAR-15 Carbine 5.56×45mm NATO United States
FN MAG General-purpose machine gun 7.62×51mm NATO Belgium
HK MP5 Submachine gun 9×19mm Parabellum Germany
M16A2 Assault rifle 5.56×45mm NATO United States Standard issue rifle.
M4 carbine Carbine 5.56×45mm NATO United States
M60 machine gun General-purpose machine gun 7.62×51mm NATO United States Often mounted on vehicles.

Kuwait Army RanksEdit

His Highness, the Emir of Kuwait: Commander-in-chief of the Military of Kuwait (Arabic: القائد الأعلى للقوات المسلحة الكويتية)

His Highness, the Crown Prince of Kuwait: Deputy Commander-in-Chief of the Military of Kuwait (Arabic: نائب القائد الأعلى للقوات المسلحة الكويتية)

Commissioned OfficersEdit

Rank group General/flag officers Field/senior officers Junior officers Officer cadet
  Kuwait Army
                   
فريق أول‎‎
Fariq 'awal
فريق
Fariq
لواء
Liwa
عميد
Amid
عقيد
Aqid
مقدم
Muqaddam
رائد
Ra'id
نقيب
Naqib
ملازم أول
Mulazim awwal
ملازم
Mulazim

EnlistedEdit

Rank group Senior NCOs Junior NCOs Enlisted
  Kuwait Army
            No insignia
وكيل أول
Wakil 'awal
وكيل
Wakil
رقيب أول
Raqib 'awal
رقیب
Raqib
عريف
Earif
جندي أول
Jundiun awwal
جندي
Jundiun‎‎‎‎

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Enein, Youssef H. Aboul (May–June 2004). "A History of the Kuwaiti Armed Forces". Military Review. 84 (3).[dead link]
  2. ^ John Pike (22 April 2013). "Kuwait – Army Equipment". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 24 March 2014.
  3. ^ Army Recognition. "World Defence News: Rheinmetall of Germany contract to supply 12 Fuchs 2 NBC 6x6 reconnaissance vehicles to Kuwait". worlddefencenews.blogspot.com.

External linksEdit