The Kupa (Croatian pronunciation: [kûpa]) or Kolpa (Slovene pronunciation: [ˈkóːlpa] or [ˈkóːwpa]; from Latin: Colapis in Roman times; Hungarian: Kulpa) river, a right tributary of the Sava, forms a natural border between north-west Croatia and southeast Slovenia. It is 297 kilometres (185 miles) long,[2] with its border part having a length of 118 km (73 mi)[1] and the rest located in Croatia.[4]

Kupa / Kolpa
Kolpa at Prelesje (Slovenia)
Kupa River watershed (interactive map)
Physical characteristics
 • locationRazloge, Gorski kotar, Croatia
 • coordinates45°29′28″N 14°41′20″E / 45.491°N 14.689°E / 45.491; 14.689
 • elevation313 metres (1,027 ft) [1]
 • location
Sava, Sisak, Croatia
 • coordinates
45°27′36″N 16°24′08″E / 45.46000°N 16.40222°E / 45.46000; 16.40222
Length297.4 km (185 mi) [2][3]
Basin size10,226 km2 (3,948 sq mi) [2]
 • average283 m3/s (10,000 cu ft/s)
Basin features
ProgressionSavaDanubeBlack Sea

Name edit

The name Colapis, recorded in antiquity, is presumed to come from the Proto-Indo-European roots *quel- 'turn, meander' and *ap- 'water', meaning 'meandering water'. An alternative interpretation is *(s)kel-/*skul- 'shiny, bright', meaning 'clear river'.[5]

Kupa River in Šišinec

Course edit

In its lower course, the Kupa meanders through the plains of the Pannonian Basin.

The Kupa originates in Croatia in the mountainous region of Gorski Kotar, northeast of Rijeka, in the area of Risnjak National Park. It flows a few kilometers eastwards, receives the small Čabranka River from the left, before reaching the Slovenian border.

It then continues eastwards between the White Carniola region in the north and Central Croatia in the south. The Kupa receives influx from the river Lahinja from the left in Primostek, passes Vrbovsko, and eventually detaches from the Slovenian border having passed Metlika.

It then reaches the city of Karlovac, where it receives influx from two other rivers from the right, Dobra and Korana (which in turn is joined by Mrežnica). The Kupa continues flowing to the east, where it merges with Glina from the right, it then passes through two small towns called Šišinec and Brkiševina, and then proceeds to the town of Sisak where it merges with Odra from the left and, after passing through Sisak town centre, flows into the Sava River.

Pollution edit

Fairly unpolluted downstream to Karlovac, the upper Kupa is a popular place for bathing in summer. The section from Stari Trg down to Fučkovci since 2006 is part of the Slovenian Krajinski park Kolpa nature reserve.

The hydrological parameters of the Kupa are regularly monitored at Radenci, Kamanje, Karlovac, Jamnička Kiselica and Farkašić.[6]

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ a b Rivers, longer than 25 km, and their catchment areas, Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia
  2. ^ a b c "Sava River Basin Analysis Report" (PDF). International Sava River Basin Commission. September 2009. p. 13. Archived from the original (PDF, 9.98 MB) on 2010-07-17.
  3. ^ Ostroški, Ljiljana, ed. (December 2015). Statistički ljetopis Republike Hrvatske 2015 [Statistical Yearbook of the Republic of Croatia 2015] (PDF). Statistical Yearbook of the Republic of Croatia (in Croatian and English). Vol. 47. Zagreb: Croatian Bureau of Statistics. p. 49. ISSN 1333-3305. Retrieved 27 December 2015.
  4. ^ Surface streams and water balance of Slovenia, Ministry of the Environment and Spatial Planning
  5. ^ Šimunović 2013, pp. 205–206.
  6. ^ "Daily hydrological report". Croatian Meteorological and Hydrological Service. Retrieved 2020-11-24.

Sources edit

Further reading edit

External links edit