Kota Rani

Kota Rani was the last ruler of the Hindu Lohara dynasty in Kashmir. She was regent during the minority of her son, and ruled as monarch until 1339. She was deposed by Shah Mir, who became the first Muslim ruler of Kashmir.

Udayanadeva last ruler belonging to the Hindu Lohara dynasty in Kashmir
Reign1323 − 1339
PredecessorRinchan (1320- 1323)
SuccessorShah Mir( 1339-1342)
HouseLohara dynasty


Kota Rani was the daughter of Ramachandra, the commander-in-chief of Suhadeva, the king of Lohara dynasty in Kashmir.[1] Ramachandra had appointed an administrator Rinchan, a Ladakhi. Rinchan became ambitious. He sent a force in the fort in the guise of merchants, who took Ramachandra's men by surprise.[2][page needed] Ramachandra was killed and his family was taken prisoner.[citation needed]

To earn local support, Rinchan appointed Rawanchandra, the son of Ramachandra, as administrator of Lar and Ladakh, and married his sister Kota Rani.[3] He employed Shah Mir as a trusted courtier, who had entered Kashmir earlier and had been given an appointment in the government.[citation needed] Rinchan converted to Islam and adopted the name of Sultan Sadruddin. He died as a result of an assassination after ruling for three years.[citation needed]


Kota Rani was first appointed as a regent for Rinchan's young son. Later she was persuaded to marry Udayanadeva by the elders. Udayanadeva died in 1338.[citation needed]

Kota Rani had two sons. Rinchan's son was under the charge of Shah Mir and Udayanadeva's son was taught by Bhatta Bhikshana. Kota Rani became the ruler in her own right, and appointed Bhatta Bhikshana as her prime minister.[citation needed]

Shah Mir pretended to be sick, and when Bhatta Bhikshana visited him, Shah Mir jumped out of his bed and killed him.[4] According to the historian Jonaraja, she committed suicide and offered her intestines to him as a wedding gift.[citation needed] According to the Kashmiri historian Jonaraja, Shah Mir killed both of her sons.


She was very intelligent and a great thinker. She saved the city of Srinagar from frequent floods by getting a canal constructed, named after her and called "Kute Kol".[5] This canal gets water from Jhelum River at the entry point of city and again merges with Jhelum river beyond the city limits.[citation needed]

In popular cultureEdit

  • Rakesh Kaul's historical novel The Last Queen of Kashmir is based on Kota Rani's life and legend.[6]
  • In August 2019, Reliance Entertainment and Phantom Films announced that they would be making a movie on Kota Rani.[7][8]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Hasan, Kashmir under the Sultans 1959, p. 8.
  2. ^ Hasan, Kashmir under the Sultans 1959.
  3. ^ "PSA dossier calls Mehbooba Mufti Kota Rani, Kashmir's Hindu queen who 'poisoned' rivals".
  4. ^ Culture and political history of Kashmir, Prithivi Nath Kaul Bamzai, M.D. Publications Pvt. Ltd., 1994.
  5. ^ "Queens, poets, academics, mystics: A calendar celebrates 12 inspirational women of Kashmir".
  6. ^ Mihir Balantrapu, Kota, the fortress (Book review of The Last Queen of Kashmir), The Hindu, 5 August 2016.
  7. ^ "Kota Rani: Phantom Films to produce film on last Hindu queen of Kashmir. Details inside".
  8. ^ "Madhu Mantena To Make Biopic On Kota Rani, Last Hindu Queen Of Kashmir".