Kolambugan

Kolambugan, officially the Municipality of Kolambugan (Cebuano: Lungsod sa Kolambugan; Tagalog: Bayan ng Kolambugan), is a 4th class municipality in the province of Lanao del Norte, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 27,005 people. [3]

Kolambugan
Municipality of Kolambugan
Port of Mukas
Port of Mukas
Official seal of Kolambugan
Seal
Map of Lanao del Norte with Kolambugan highlighted
Map of Lanao del Norte with Kolambugan highlighted
OpenStreetMap
Kolambugan is located in Philippines
Kolambugan
Kolambugan
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 8°06′52″N 123°53′50″E / 8.1144°N 123.8971°E / 8.1144; 123.8971Coordinates: 8°06′52″N 123°53′50″E / 8.1144°N 123.8971°E / 8.1144; 123.8971
Country Philippines
RegionNorthern Mindanao (Region X)
ProvinceLanao del Norte
District1st District
FoundedJuly 1, 1936
Barangays26 (see Barangays)
Government
[1]
 • TypeSangguniang Bayan
 • MayorLorenzo V. Mañigos
 • Vice MayorDiosdado F. Mendoza
 • CongressmanMohamad Khalid Q. Dimaporo
 • Electorate17,100 voters (2019)
Area
[2]
 • Total134.55 km2 (51.95 sq mi)
Population
 (2015 census) [3]
 • Total27,005
 • Density200/km2 (520/sq mi)
 • Households
6,197
Economy
 • Income class4th municipal income class
 • Poverty incidence28.69% (2015)[4]
 • Revenue₱83,765,128.13 (2016)
Time zoneUTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code
9207
PSGC
103508000[5]
IDD:area code+63 (0)63
Climate typetropical climate
Native languagesMaranao
Cebuano
Binukid
Tagalog
Websitewww.kolambugan.gov.ph

EtymologyEdit

The name “Kolambugan” was taken from the word “kolambog”, a kind of tree which grew abundantly in the area. Some present day barangays were also called Migcamiguing and Maribojoc before, named also from trees of the same names which were found abundantly in the area.

GeographyEdit

The Municipality of Kolambugan is located along the Panguil Bay area facing Ozamiz City in the Province of Misamis Occidental, 47 kilometres (29 mi) west of the capital town of Tubod. It is centrally located north-west in the province of Lanao del Norte. The Municipality of Kolambugan is bound by the Panguil Bay on the north, Municipality of Magsaysay on the south; the Municipality of Maigo on the east; and the Municipality of Tubod on the west.

BarangaysEdit

Kolambugan is politically subdivided into 26 barangays.

  • Austin Heights
  • Baybay
  • Bubong
  • Caromatan
  • Inudaran
  • Kulasihan
  • Libertad
  • Lumbac
  • Manga
  • Matampay
  • Mukas
  • Muntay
  • Pagalungan
  • Palao
  • Pantaon
  • Pantar
  • Poblacion
  • Rebucon
  • Riverside
  • San Roque
  • Santo Niño
  • Simbuco
  • Small Banisilan
  • Sucodan
  • Tabigue
  • Titunod

ClimateEdit

Climate data for Kolambugan, Lanao del Norte
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 29
(84)
30
(86)
31
(88)
31
(88)
30
(86)
30
(86)
29
(84)
30
(86)
30
(86)
30
(86)
30
(86)
30
(86)
30
(86)
Average low °C (°F) 22
(72)
22
(72)
22
(72)
23
(73)
24
(75)
24
(75)
24
(75)
24
(75)
24
(75)
24
(75)
23
(73)
23
(73)
23
(74)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 69
(2.7)
58
(2.3)
67
(2.6)
60
(2.4)
109
(4.3)
114
(4.5)
83
(3.3)
78
(3.1)
76
(3.0)
92
(3.6)
86
(3.4)
63
(2.5)
955
(37.7)
Average rainy days 12.8 11.6 14.8 17.4 24.8 23.5 20.7 18.5 17.4 22.5 21.6 15.6 221.2
Source: Meteoblue [6]

HistoryEdit

Originally and before the Spanish and later American Invasions, majority of the people living in Kolambugan belonged to the Maranao Tribe. According to folk stories from the old leaders of Kolambugan during the Spanish occupation, some of the leaders from the interior areas of Lanao del Norte usually crossed the beach of the municipality of Kolambugan to the beach of Ozamis City by boat. These leaders did this to catch people living in the other side of the bay and make those people as worker (personal helper). In Maranaw term, these workers/personal helpers were called BISAYA.

There was also a story that one of the families in Kolambugan, the Mutia Families from Zamboanga del Norte and Misamis Occidental, originally came from the Interior area of Lanao del Norte and even at present, this story still exists because according to the tale, the great-great-great grandfather of the great-great grandfather of these Mutia Families once lifted a small book hanging in the center of their house and said to the children it is forbidden to open the book, or even to touch it, and according to the story, when after many years have passed and somebody dared to open the book, they saw unfamiliar writings in the book (Spanish and English languages), and some said that the writings also looked like Arabic letters.

After a long social process, sometime in 1935 – 1944, under the National Land Settlement Administration (NLSA) of the Commonwealth Government, there was a Philippine House of Representative proposal to invade the Island of Mindanao so that some parts of Mindanao can be used to help the Philippine Government. Not everyone was agreeable to this proposal and one of the oppositions during that time was Congressman Datu Salipada Khalid Pendatun. However, said proposal was approved and signed by then President Manuel L. Quezon who was the president of that time. The settlers were composed of people who have knowledge about skilled jobs, Agri Technology, Engineering, and Farming. The settlers came from the islands of Luzon and Visayas and they brought with them skills and expertise.

from the Islands of Visayas and Island Luzon that has knowledge and experience of Agriculture, Technical, Farming, Lumber, Carpenter etc. The first batch transport were landed to the following Areas: • Some parts of Zamboanga • Misamis Occidental • Lanao Del Norte • Misamis Oriental • Some part of Surigao • Some part of Davao • Some Part of Cotabato

In Lanao del Norte, the transport of settlers was peacefully successful due to the smooth negotiations with the Maranao Tribal Leaders and Land Lords. As Welcome sign, the Land lords has donate piece of land (piece of land before are more than 5 hectares) to start the settlers life as beginning of life. In long run and process, the family of settler works to the land owners and as a gift since they are very good workers, the land lord gave the small piece of land as a gift. Some say that, settlers trade they made the business to the land lord just few item exchange of lands. Some family of land lords marry the daughter of their workers which result and until the majority living in Lanao del Norte and Misamis Occidental has blood in Maranao Tribe (Muslim Blood).

Executive Order No. 37, s. 1936, signed on June 4, 1936 prompted the organization of the municipal districts of Kolambugan and Buruun into an independent municipality.

On July 1, 1936, by virtue and power of the Executive Order No. 37, President Manuel L. Quezon declared Kolambugan as one of the Municipalities of Lanao Province. The Lanao province was further divided into Lanao del Norte and Lanao del Sur. Kolambugan is part of Lanao del Norte province.

In 1956, the barrios of Tangcal, Berowar, Pangao, Tawinian, Lumbac, Lawigadato, Somyorang, Bayabao, Pilingkingan, Ramain, Bagigicon, Lamaosa, Meladoc Big and Meladoc Small and Rarab, then part of Kolambugan was constituted into the municipal district of Tangcal.[7]

Formerly the largest town in the province, the following towns/barrios were separated from Kolambugan:

  • Tubod (October 17, 1946)
    • Lala (March 22, 1949)
    • Baroy (June 10, 1949, note that according to the act, additional land was to be given to Tubod and Baroy)
      • Salvador (January 13, 1960)
  • Bacolod (May 10, 1956)
  • Tangcal (June 16, 1956 as a Mun District)
  • Maigo [with Bacolod] (February 27, 1959)
  • Magsaysay [with Tubod, Tangcal] (March 22, 1960 as a Mun District)

Name of Barangays from Maranao Tribe TermsEdit

On the hand, the settlement has going problem and conflict between Non-Muslim and Muslim when Martial Law is implemented.

  • Bubong
  • Caromatan
  • Inudaran
  • Lumbac
  • Manga
  • Matampay
  • Pagalungan
  • Palao
  • Pantaon
  • Pantar
  • Rebucon
  • Banisilon

DemographicsEdit

Population census of Kolambugan
YearPop.±% p.a.
1918 4,874—    
1939 39,647+10.50%
1948 21,608−6.52%
1960 12,917−4.20%
1970 14,318+1.03%
1975 15,883+2.10%
1980 19,321+4.00%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1990 22,533+1.55%
1995 24,645+1.69%
2000 24,180−0.41%
2007 25,306+0.63%
2010 26,445+1.62%
2015 27,005+0.40%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[3][8][9][10]

Local governmentEdit

Mayors after People Power Revolution 1986:

  • 1986 - 1989, Ursecio Ridao
  • 1989 - 1992, Ursecio Ridao
  • 1992 - 1995, Ursecio Ridao
  • 1995 - 1998,
  • 1998 - 2001, Angelito Enriquez
  • 2001 - 2002, Dr. Gregorio Z. Cardona Sr. (deceased)
  • 2002-2004, Bertrand M. Lumaque
  • 2004 - 2007, Bertrand M. Lumaque
  • 2007 - 2010, Bertrand M. Lumaque
  • 2010 - 2013, Bertrand M. Lumaque
  • 2013 - 2016, Lorenzo V. Manigos
  • 2016 present, Lorenzo V. Manigos

Vice Mayors after People Power Revolution 1986:

  • 1986 - 1989,
  • 1989 - 1992,
  • 1992 - 1995,
  • 1995 - 1998, Dr. Gregorio Z. Cardona Sr.
  • 1998 - 2001, Dr. Gregorio Z. Cardona Sr.
  • 2001 - 2004, Bertrand M. Lumaque
  • 2004 - 2007,
  • 2007 - 2010,
  • 2010 - 2013,
  • 2013 - 2016, Bertrand M. Lumaque
  • 2016 present, Bertrand M. Lumaque

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Municipality". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 31 May 2013.
  2. ^ "Report No3  – Population, Land Area, and Population Density" (PDF), 2015 Census of Population, PSA, 2016, ISSN 0117-1453, archived (PDF) from the original on 25 October 2020CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  3. ^ a b c Census of Population (2015). "Region X (Northern Mindanao)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  4. ^ "PSA releases the 2015 Municipal and City Level Poverty Estimates". Quezon City, Philippines. Retrieved 12 October 2019.
  5. ^ Philippine Standard Geographic Code, PSA
  6. ^ "Kolambugan: Average Temperatures and Rainfall". Meteoblue. Retrieved 30 January 2020.
  7. ^ "An Act Creating the Municipal District of Tangcal in the Province of Lanao". LawPH.com. Retrieved 2011-04-12.
  8. ^ Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region X (Northern Mindanao)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
  9. ^ Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region X (Northern Mindanao)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
  10. ^ "Province of Lanao del Norte". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.

External linksEdit