Kořenov

Kořenov (German: Bad Wurzelsdorf) is a municipality and village in Jablonec nad Nisou District in the Liberec Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 900 inhabitants. It is a mountain municipality close to the border with Poland.

Kořenov
Protestant chapel by Otto Bartning
Protestant chapel by Otto Bartning
Flag of Kořenov
Flag
Coat of arms of Kořenov
Coat of arms
Kořenov is located in Czech Republic
Kořenov
Kořenov
Location in the Czech Republic
Coordinates: 50°45′34″N 15°21′56″E / 50.75944°N 15.36556°E / 50.75944; 15.36556Coordinates: 50°45′34″N 15°21′56″E / 50.75944°N 15.36556°E / 50.75944; 15.36556
Country Czech Republic
RegionLiberec
DistrictJablonec nad Nisou
First mentioned1539
Area
 • Total55.83 km2 (21.56 sq mi)
Elevation
725 m (2,379 ft)
Population
 (2020-01-01[1])
 • Total912
 • Density16/km2 (42/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
468 48, 468 49, 468 50
Websitewww.korenov.cz

Administrative partsEdit

Villages of Jizerka, Polubný, Příchovice and Rejdice are administrative parts of Kořenov.

GeographyEdit

Kořenov is situated in the Jizera Mountains, a range of the Sudetes, near the well-known winter sports centre Harrachov. Parts of it are a protected landscape area.

HistoryEdit

The first settlers came to the remote forested area in northern Bohemia in 1577 when German Paul Schierer (von Walthaimb zu Falkenau) established glassworks at Rejdice. After the 1620 Battle of White Mountain, the lands were seized by Albrecht von Wallenstein, who sold them to the comital Desfours dynasty. The estates were acquired by the noble House of Rohan in 1824.

In 1902, the cog railway Tanvald-Kořenov connecting to the electrified Izera railway line running to Silesian Hirschberg (present-day Jelenia Góra) was put into operation. Until 1918, Bohemian Unter Wurzelsdorf belonged to the Cisleithanian part of the Austro-Hungarian monarchy, in the Bezirk (district) of Gablonz (now Jablonec nad Nisou), one of 94 Bohemian Bezirkshauptmannschaften.[2] A post-office was opened in 1886 named Wurzelsdorf.

The municipality was established in 1960 by the merger of the former market towns of Polubný and Příchovice with Rejdice and Jizerka. Kořenov was only an administrative part of Polubný, however the new municipality adopted its name.[3]

Part of Kořenov The former hamlet of Údolí Naděje (Hoffnungstal, Polish: Zieleniec) previously belonged to the Silesian side of the Sudetes, it passed to Czechoslovakia in 1958.

PresentEdit

Kořenov is home to an elementary school in Horní Kořenov, as well as to a nursery school and retirements home in Polubný, two voluntary fire brigades and a factory producing salami packages.

TransportEdit

Koleje Dolnośląskie D21 line runs from Szklarska Poręba to Liberec via the municipality.

SightsEdit

 
Štěpánka Tower in Příchovice
  • Štěpánka outlook tower (24 metres (79 ft) high), erected in 1847
  • Protestant chapel in Tesařov, built in 1909 according to plans designed by Otto Bartning, today attended by the Moravian Church
  • St. John's Church in Polubný
  • Tanvald–Harrachov rack railway with the steepest gradient (58 ‰) and the second longest tunnel in the Czech Republic (942 m (3,091 ft)), and with a picturesque viaduct across the river Jizera

Notable peopleEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Population of Municipalities – 1 January 2020". Czech Statistical Office. 2020-04-30.
  2. ^ Die postalischen Abstempelungen auf den österreichischen Postwertzeichen-Ausgaben 1867, 1883 und 1890, Wilhelm Klein, 1967
  3. ^ "Obec Kořenov => Historie => Historie obce". Obec Kořenov. Retrieved 2021-02-10.

External linksEdit