Knuckles the Echidna

Knuckles the Echidna (Japanese: ナックルズ・ザ・エキドゥナ, Hepburn: Nakkuruzu za Ekiduna) is a fictional character in Sega's Sonic the Hedgehog series. He is a red anthropomorphic echidna who is determined and serious, but sometimes gullible. He has the ability to glide and climb up walls, and is a powerful fighter with spiked hands. He serves as the guardian of the Master Emerald, a huge gemstone that controls the series' integral Chaos Emeralds.

Knuckles the Echidna
Sonic the Hedgehog character
Knuckles the Echidna.png
First appearanceSonic the Hedgehog 3 (1994)
Created byTakashi Yuda
Voiced by
In-universe information
PositionGuardian of the Master Emerald
OriginAngel Island

Knuckles debuted in Sonic the Hedgehog 3 in 1994 after Doctor Eggman tricks him into opposing Sonic and Tails. He first became playable in Sonic & Knuckles later that year; he learns of Eggman's trickery and teams up with Sonic and Tails during that game's events. Since then he has appeared in dozens of playable and non-playable roles, as well as in several series of comic books, Western animated television, and Japanese anime.

Knuckles is one of the series' most popular characters, although some have voiced disapproval of the Sonic series' extensive cast of characters and singled out Knuckles as ushering them in.[9] His likeness has frequently appeared in Sonic merchandise.

Concept and creationEdit

During conception of Sonic the Hedgehog 3, the development team wanted to create a new rival for Sonic.[10] The final design of Knuckles was the result of dozens of possible designs inspired by numerous different animals.[10][11] The emphasis of the character was to break walls.[12] He was originally planned to have a Jamaican accent and a name called "Dreds", referring to his dreadlocks.[13]

Knuckles was created by developer Takashi Yuda, who never intended him to be any more than a "supporting character".[14] Knuckles was introduced in Sonic the Hedgehog 3 as an "intimidator" because of his powerful abilities and physical strength.[15] He was given a headlining role in the next game, Sonic & Knuckles, where he made his first appearance as a playable character.[16]


Knuckles is a 16-year-old red anthropomorphic echidna, He was born in 1987 the only living descendant of a well-established clan of echidnas.[17] For many years, his clan guarded a giant gemstone called the Master Emerald, which controls the Chaos Emeralds, objects central to the Sonic the Hedgehog game series.[18] As such, Knuckles has spent most of his life atop a floating island called Angel Island, guarding the Emerald from harm.[19] He has grown up fairly introverted as a result.[17]

Knuckles has a serious, determined personality, described as keeping cool in combat.[20] However, he sometimes loses his composure and gets in fights with other characters, and is sometimes shy around girls.[21] His favorite food is grapes. His relationship with Sonic is ambivalent: Knuckles enters the series as an antagonist of Sonic and later sees him as both a friend and a rival,[22][23][24] while envying Sonic's adventurous lifestyle.[20] He is depicted as somewhat gullible and very rash, especially when angered.[18][25] He has often been tricked by Doctor Robotnik, but is stated in one game manual to have become more skeptical of him.[26]

While slower than Sonic, Knuckles is depicted as one of the series' strongest characters and a skilled martial artist: his brawny physique allows him to lift objects many times his size and weight, while his powerful fists enable him to smash through boulders.[17][18] He can also glide long distances by trapping air under his dreadlocks, and can climb up walls using the spikes on his gloves.[18] Unlike Sonic, Knuckles is able to swim.[23] As is typical among Sonic characters, Knuckles can roll into a ball to attack enemies.[27] He also has an empowered "super" form: using the Chaos Emeralds allows him to transform into Super Knuckles. Using the Super Emeralds allows him to transform into Hyper Knuckles.[28]


In video gamesEdit

Release timeline
1992Sonic the Hedgehog 2
1994Sonic 3 & Knuckles
1995Knuckles' Chaotix
Tails Adventure
1996Sonic The Fighters
Sonic Blast
1997Sonic R
1998Sonic Adventure
1999Sonic Pocket Adventure
2000Sonic Shuffle
2001Sonic Adventure 2
2002Sonic Advance 2
2003Sonic Heroes
2004Sonic Advance 3
2005Shadow the Hedgehog
2006Sonic the Hedgehog
2007Sonic and the Secret Rings
2008Sonic Chronicles
2009Sonic and the Black Knight
2010Sonic Colors (DS version only)
2011Sonic Generations (Console/PC version only)
2012Sonic & All-Stars Racing Transformed
2013Sonic Lost World
Sonic Dash
2014Sonic Boom: Rise of Lyric
Sonic Boom: Shattered Crystal
2015Sonic Runners
Sonic Dash 2: Sonic Boom
2016Sonic Boom: Fire & Ice
2017Sonic Runners Adventure
Sonic Mania
Sonic Forces: Speed Battle
Sonic Forces
2018Sonic Mania Plus
Super Smash Bros. Ultimate
2019Team Sonic Racing
2020Sonic at the Olympic Games Tokyo 2020

Knuckles debuted in the 1994 Sega Genesis game Sonic the Hedgehog 3. Knuckles joins the series' primary antagonist Dr. Robotnik after being tricked into thinking that Sonic is attempting to steal the Master Emerald; Knuckles fights Sonic at several points throughout the game. Robotnik's dishonesty is revealed late in Sonic & Knuckles when he steals the Master Emerald and attacks Knuckles.[29] A similar plot follows in Sonic Triple Trouble.[30] While Knuckles' canonical playable debut comes in Sonic & Knuckles, he is playable in Sonic 2 and 3 via the Genesis' lock-on technology.[29] Knuckles starred in Knuckles' Chaotix for the Sega 32X, in which he serves as the guardian of an island amusement park and rescues his friends—collectively known as the Chaotix—from Robotnik in 1995. He teams up with them individually, creating an unusual gameplay style involving two characters being tethered together.[31]

Eggman shatters the Master Emerald, thus freeing Chaos who appears before Knuckles, the pieces are scattered, and Chaos flees in Sonic Adventure.[32] To restore the Emerald, thereby protecting Angel Island,[33] he searches through various expansive levels for pieces.[34] At one point, he defeats Chaos,[35] and Eggman tricks Knuckles into thinking that Sonic is trying to collect Emerald shards for his own purposes.[36] Knuckles finds Sonic holding two Chaos Emeralds he thinks are Master Emerald shards, and attacks him.[37] This knocks them out of Sonic's hands,[38] so Eggman shows up to steal them and leaves.[39] He initially stays on Earth to look for pieces while Sonic and Tails follow Eggman,[40] but later joins them aboard Eggman's airship, the Egg Carrier, after seeing a vision of there being more pieces on it.[41] He finds the final pieces and is confronted by Chaos' final form,[42] then returns to the Emerald's island to restore it.[43]

Early in Sonic Adventure 2, Knuckles & Rouge argue over the Emerald;[44] she wants the pieces for her personal collection. Eggman tries to steal it,[45] so Knuckles shatters it aboard Eggman's hovercraft, sending the pieces every which way. He spends the game recollecting the pieces similarly to in Adventure.[46] He later helps Sonic, Tails, & Amy find Eggman's base inside a giant pyramid,[47] and a key to an inner chamber housing a giant space shuttle.[48] He follows them to a giant space station called the ARK with it, where he again scuffles with Rouge over the Emerald.[49] He saves her from falling into a constructed pit of lava;[50] she decides the shards are worthless and dismissively lets him keep them,[51] so he reassembles the Emerald and runs off.[52][53] The antagonist Gerald Robotnik, Eggman's grandfather, initiates a program to send the ARK on a collision course with Earth as revenge for an attack on the ARK decades earlier,[54] so Knuckles teams up with the other playable characters to reroute it.[55]

Knuckles serves as a power-based character in Sonic Heroes alongside Sonic and Tails, who respectively represent speed and flight.[56] They team up to defeat Eggman after receiving a letter saying that he will destroy the world in three days.[57] However, it turns out that Eggman is being impersonated by Metal Sonic, whom all of the other characters defeat together.[58] Knuckles helps Sonic, Tails, Amy Rose, and Cream the Rabbit stop Eggman from building an empire in the Sonic Advance trilogy.[59][60][61] With the same team, Knuckles recurs in Sonic Riders and its two sequels; in each game, they participate in board-racing competitions together.[62][63][64] In another team-based installment, the role-playing game Sonic Chronicles: The Dark Brotherhood, Knuckles is a playable character with a major role in the story. The game begins with Tails informing Sonic that Knuckles has been kidnapped, so a team beginning as Sonic, Tails, Amy, and Rouge must rescue him. He is eventually saved, and it is revealed that the echidna race is still alive in the form of the helpful Shade the Echidna and her villainous tribe, the Nocturnus.[65]

He is a minor character in Sonic Rush,[25] where he accosts protagonist Blaze the Cat under the impression that she has stolen Chaos Emeralds.[66] In the Nintendo DS version of Sonic Colors, Knuckles arrives at an amusement park Eggman has created after receiving a letter.[67] Frustrated at having been tricked,[68] he challenges Sonic to a race as a mission,[69] but shortly learns that Rouge wrote the letter inviting him to the park. He has a short argument with Rouge.[70] Modern Knuckles gives Classic and Modern Sonic missions and helpful advice in Sonic Generations.[71][72] In Sonic Lost World, Knuckles and Amy look after forest animals while Sonic and Tails rescue the animals' friends.[73] Later, the Deadly Six, the game's antagonists, take control of one of Eggman's machines to drain life from the world,[74] and Amy and Knuckles die, but they are brought back to life when Sonic and Tails replenish it.[75] He is a playable character in Sonic Mania (Plus), regaining his role from the first games alongside Sonic, Tails, Mighty and Ray. He appears in the game Sonic Forces, where he becomes the leader of a resistance created to fight back against Eggman's advancing forces.

Knuckles has been a playable character in numerous spinoff games with little effect on the series' plot, such as the fighting game Sonic the Fighters,[76] the racing title Sonic R,[77] and the party title Sonic Shuffle,[78] as well as crossover games like Mario & Sonic at the Olympic Games[79] and Sonic & All-Stars Racing Transformed.[80] He makes a cameo appearance in Sega Superstars Tennis, as a member of the audience in the Green Hill court[81] and in Super Smash Bros. Brawl's Green Hill stage, where he, Tails, and Silver run through the vertical loop in the background.[82] Knuckles appears as one of four playable characters in the action-adventure spin-off property Sonic Boom.[83] In Lego Dimensions, Knuckles appears as a non-playable character in the Sonic the Hedgehog world, in which he requests the player to assist him in a sidequest to take down some of Eggman's robots, during which he makes a number of references to the rap songs about him in the Sonic Adventure games. Knuckles also makes a cameo as an easter egg in Deus Ex: Mankind Divided on the box of a video game entitled Knuckles the Echidna in Knuckles & Knuckles & Knuckles.[84] In Super Smash Bros. Ultimate, Knuckles appears as an assist trophy that attacks players when summoned; he also appears as a spirit.[85]

In comicsEdit

In Sonic the Comic, Knuckles plays a similar role to that of the games. When the Death Egg crashes on Angel Island, Knuckles is briefly tricked by Dr. Robotnik[86] and thus allows Robotnik to place his robot armies on the island and construct a base to rebuild his Death Egg.[87] Knuckles also assists him in fighting Sonic and stealing Sonic's own six Emeralds so they can be combined with Knuckles' into one set of Emeralds.[88] However, Knuckles does not trust Robotnik enough to tell him that he possesses a seventh Emerald that can control the others, and when Robotnik tries to absorb the Emeralds' power into himself, Knuckles uses this Emerald to defeat him.[89] From that point on, he works as an ally against Robotnik, starting by removing all traces of the doctor's influences from Angel Island.[90]

In the comic series of Sonic the Hedgehog published by Archie Comics, Knuckles is the eighteenth guardian of the Floating Island, which is also called Angel Island. He is also a member of the Brotherhood of Guardians, a secret society that defends the island and is made up of Knuckles' predecessors/ancestors. In keeping with the incorporation of elements of the Sonic the Hedgehog cartoon into the series, Knuckles lives on the planet Mobius. Knuckles is supported in his efforts by the Chaotix, and often works together with Sonic the Hedgehog and the Freedom Fighters.

When Knuckles was first introduced he was the lone defender of the island, but differences between this continuity and the games were quickly introduced. Writer Ken Penders built up a considerable backstory for Knuckles, in which he is abandoned by his father, Locke, as part of his Guardian training. He was later tricked by Robotnik into believing that Sonic and Tails were on their way to steal the Chaos Emerald and its powers. After a short melee, Robotnik blatantly betrayed Knuckles, causing him to join Sonic in a begrudging team-up, which eventually grew into a strong friendship.

Not too long after that, he formed the Chaotix along with Vector, out of the few refugee inhabitants on Angel Island at the time and would leave the island to their care if he ever had to leave. The Chaotix at the time were Knuckles the Echidna, Vector the Crocodile, Espio the Chameleon, Mighty the Armadillo, Charmy Bee, Heavy, and Bomb, but later saw the addition of Ray the Flying Squirrel, Julie-Su the Echidna (who became his love interest), and Saffron Bee (Charmy's betrothed), while Heavy and Bomb departed and later joined the King's Secret Service. Knuckles was also revealed to have a mystically significant destiny as "the Avatar," corresponding to similar destinies shared by Tails and Sonic. He and Princess Sally Acorn were also revealed to be childhood friends, having met when she and her father paid a visit to the Floating Island while Knuckles' father was Guardian.

After believing himself to be the last living Echidna for some time, Knuckles stumbled upon the existence of others; his earliest encounters with others of his people would earn him enemies. The first would be his great-uncle Dimitri, who had been possessed by a malevolent spirit and become an evil being known as Enerjak. He would then run across a cyborg army known as the Dark Legion-led by Dimitri's descendants-who had previously been banished to another dimension by one of the Knuckles' ancestors. Julie-Su started out as a member of this group but defected to join Knuckles after an Echidna sixth sense known as the Soultouch identified Knuckles as an ideal soul mate. Accompanied by Julie, Knuckles would come across others of his kind, including the city of Echidnaopolis-home to his mother after she divorced his father Locke-the Brotherhood of Guardians, and the hidden city of Albion.

Knuckles' early adventures typically involved protecting Angel Island or the various Echidna groups-only rarely would he join the Freedom Fighters against threats like Dr. Robotnik. However, Robotnik's encroachments on different areas of the planet-including Angel Island itself-eventually persuaded Knuckles to relocate to the surface to join the battle against the evil doctor and other threats. One of his enemies-a villainous Echidna named Dr. Finitevus-later made Knuckles into a new Enerjak after revealing that Robotnik had driven the Echidna race to the brink of extinction. Knuckles would become wracked with guilt over his actions, especially since the remnants of the Dark Legion chose to ally themselves with Dr. Robotnik.

The final blow would come when Knuckles responded to a distress call from his people and arrived in Albion to find it deserted. This would be revealed to be the work of Thrash the Tasmanian Devil, whose people were mutated by ancient Echidnas. Thrash's actions led to almost all the remaining Echidnas being banished from Mobius, with Knuckles failing to rescue them. In reality, the disappearance of these characters-among others-was due to a lawsuit by Ken Penders.

As a result of the continuity reboot that followed the crossover with the Mega Man franchise, Knuckles became virtually indistinguishable from his video game counterpart: he is the last known Echidna and the last Guardian of Master Emerald, and the Chaotix no longer serve as his full-time support team.

In animationEdit

Knuckles' animation debut came with the 1996 Japanese Sonic the Hedgehog OVA. Sonic and Tails meet him in an alternate dimension, and over the course of the film he helps them defeat Black Eggman/Metal Robotnik and Hyper Metal Sonic, two robots created by Eggman/Robotnik. As Metal is about to descend into a lava pit, Sonic attempts to save him after all, but Knuckles holds him back and Sonic is disappointed. Knuckles play-fights with Sonic a few times in the film as well.[91]

Knuckles is a minor character in Sonic Underground. Sonic, Sonia, and Manic meet Knuckles atop his home, the Floating Island while searching for their mother. Knuckles is initially skeptical of them but soon accepts their help in protecting the Island and its guardian Chaos Emerald from villains Sleet and Dingo.[92] Later on, the siblings recruit Knuckles to help them deactivate Doctor Robotnik's giant fortress, as it is powered by Emeralds and he can control them.[93] They succeed, but Sleet and Dingo accidentally break the Emerald, unleashing gradually effective but massive energy upon the planet Mobius, and Knuckles enlists one of his relatives to help them control it, with mediocre results.[94] Reluctantly, Knuckles cuts a deal with Robotnik to turn over the hedgehogs in exchange for setting Mobius right; Robotnik succeeds and starts turning the hedgehogs into robots, but Knuckles betrays Robotnik to rescue his friends.[95]

Knuckles appears in all three seasons of Sonic X. He takes guarding Master Emerald seriously and has a fearsome temper with a "chip on his shoulder". After being stranded in the new world with Sonic, his only desire is to get back home quickly.[96] He spends most of the first season traveling alone, but as the series continues he begins to travel with Sonic and the others more often, as well as befriending other characters. After returning home for the third season, he joins Sonic on the spaceship, "Blue Typhoon", which is captained by Tails after their planet was invaded by the Metarex.

Knuckles is among the main cast in the Sonic Boom computer-animated series. He has been redesigned: now taller and more muscular than before.[83] As a somewhat exaggerated reference to his mainstream counterpart's easily deceived personality (as well being based on the stereotypical team muscles), Knuckles is also portrayed as being somewhat slow-witted and goofy in this series.

In other mediaEdit

While Knuckles doesn't appear in the Sonic series' first theatrical film, Sonic the Hedgehog, his existence is alluded to within the film's opening sequence in which a young Sonic and his caretaker Longclaw are attacked by a native clan of Echidnas. Co-writer Pat Casey has since stated that they are Echidnas within Sonic's world, thus confirming Knuckle's species does exist within that film's universe.[97] Casey also hinted that a connection between the first film's Echidna tribe and Knuckles could be explored in the film's sequel.[97]

Reception and impactEdit

The character has received positive attention. According to IGN's Levi Buchanan, fans "seemed legitimately happy" with the addition of the character of Knuckles, who was popular enough to get marquee billing in Sonic & Knuckles, but Buchanan felt that characters who came after him were going "overboard".[98] IGN's Colin Moriarty singled out the introduction of both Knuckles and Tails as when the series became "iffy" and listed them and all other characters in the series, sans Sonic and Robotnik, as being 2nd most in need to "die" on his top 10 list.[99] In contrast, he was listed as the best Sonic character by Official Nintendo Magazine based on the impact he brought to the Sonic games in which he first appeared.[100]

According to official Sonic Team polls, Knuckles is the fourth most popular character in the series, following behind Tails, Shadow, and Sonic.[101] Elton Jones from Complex listed Knuckles as his eleventh most wanted character in the next Super Smash Bros. game.[102] In another article, Complex regarded Knuckles as a better character than Sonic, and praised his gliding and climbing abilities, stating "even if his levels were a little more challenging than Sonic's, the thrill of being able to explore certain parts of levels that the blue-colored hero could not be worth it".[103] Riley Little from GameRant included Knuckles on his list of the "Top 10 Third-Party Characters that Could Appear in the New Super Smash Bros.", commenting "This punch-drunk brawler knows how to serve up a buffet of knuckle sandwiches, and there’s no question that he’s one of the most fitting characters to occupy a spot on the roster".[104]

Mega Zone's review of Knuckles' Chaotix praised the introduction of a new protagonist, whom it deemed "rougher [and] tougher" in comparison to the "spineless" Sonic.[105] Mean Machines Sega called Knuckles' powers "impressive" and the character overall more useful and promising than Tails.[106] Sega Magazine stated that Knuckles "looks cooler" than Sonic, comparing him to Spider-Man, and suggested he be given his own game.[107] Sega Magazine later called him "groovy" and "ace", concluding that they "love him."[108] Knuckles' characterization in Sonic Boom earned praise by Polygon due to how "progressive" he is when mentioning feminism much to the shock of the characters.[109]

Ugandan Knuckles memeEdit

A depiction of "Ugandan Knuckles" which had a brief surge of popularity in early 2018.

In January 2018, players began to flood the virtual reality video game VRChat with avatars depicting a deformed version of the character called "Ugandan Knuckles". The character stemmed from a 2017 review of Sonic Lost World by YouTube user Gregzilla as well as from fans of PlayerUnknown's Battlegrounds streamer Forsen who often make references to the African country Uganda in the chat section of his streams. The character is often associated with quotes such as "Do you know the way?", which originate from the 2010 Ugandan action film Who Killed Captain Alex? as well as for "spitting" on other users whom they feel do not know "de way he Dropped By Squidward's House".[110][111]

The meme was criticized by some journalists as being racially insensitive;[110][112] Polygon described it as "problematic".[112] The creator of the avatar, DeviantArt user "tidiestflyer", has expressed regret over how it has been used, in particular saying that he hopes it is not used to annoy players of VRChat, and that he enjoys the game and he does not want to see anyone's rights get taken away because of the avatar.[113] In response, in January 2018 the developers of VRChat published an open letter on Medium, stating that they were developing "new systems to allow the community to better self moderate" and asking users to use the built-in muting features.[114]


  1. ^ "Voice of Knuckles the Echidna - Sonic Adventure". Behind The Voice Actors. Retrieved 17 July 2017.
  2. ^ Brian Drummond [@BrianDrummondVO] (10 March 2013). "@Kirbopher @IanJames007 Yup. I voiced Knuckes! I'm flattered that the Ian is taking taking credit for my roles. :)" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  3. ^ "Voice Of Knuckles the Echidna - Sonic the Hedgehog: The Movie". Behind The Voice Actors. Retrieved 17 July 2017.
  4. ^ "Sonic Cult // Sonic - Post 16 bit // Sonic Adventure // Interviews // Interview with Ryan Drummond //". Retrieved 16 February 2018.
  5. ^ Ryan Drummond [@RYANtheDRUMMOND] (6 April 2015). "@jakefagan1233 I was Knuckles for a short while, and Metal Sonic for a short while. Find out where! 😊" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  6. ^ "About". Scott Dreier. Retrieved 16 February 2018.
  7. ^ "Voice Of Knuckles the Echidna - Sonic Colors". Behind The Voice Actors. Retrieved 17 July 2017.
  8. ^ "Voice Of Knuckles the Echidna - Team Sonic Racing". Behind The Voice Actors. Retrieved 19 June 2019.
  9. ^ "Where Did Sonic Go Wrong?". IGN. 2009-02-20. Retrieved 12 March 2017.
  10. ^ a b "Sonic's Creator - Yuji Naka". Archived from the original on June 5, 1997. Retrieved August 28, 2008.
  11. ^ "Secrets of Sonic Team: Interview with Roger Hector, former Director of Sega Technical Institute". EmulationZone. Retrieved February 28, 2008.
  12. ^ "Sonic Central interview: Yuji Naka on Sonic's Past, Present, Future". Archived from the original on May 26, 2010. Retrieved July 7, 2008.
  13. ^ Mylonas, Eric (March 11, 2003). Sonic Advance 2: Prima's Official Strategy Guide. Prima Games. p. 99. ISBN 978-0761540083.
  14. ^ Theobald, Phil (January 27, 2006). "Sega Talks Sonic Riders Part Two". GameSpy. Retrieved April 2, 2014.
  15. ^ "Knuckles the Echidna Biography". IGN. Archived from the original on March 4, 2014. Retrieved October 26, 2014.
  16. ^ Thomas, Lucas M. (October 12, 2007). "Smash It Up! - Sonic Team". IGN. Archived from the original on March 18, 2012. Retrieved October 26, 2014.
  17. ^ a b c "Sonic City". Archived from the original on February 25, 2008. Retrieved March 4, 2008.
  18. ^ a b c d ナックルズ・ザ・エキドゥナ (in Japanese). Archived from the original on December 31, 2006. Retrieved January 8, 2007.
  19. ^ Sonic Adventure 2 (Dreamcast) instruction manual, pp. 10–11. (PDF)
  20. ^ a b Sega of America. "Sonic's official character profile from Sega of America". Archived from the original on February 17, 2009. Retrieved March 10, 2008.
  21. ^ Sega (1997). Sonic Jam, Sega Saturn. Sonic World's Character Profiles (in English)
  22. ^ Kemps, Heidi (September 30, 2005). "Sega's Yuji Naka Talks!". GameSpy. Retrieved October 26, 2014.
  23. ^ a b Sega (2004). Sonic Advance 3 instruction manual, pp. 12-13.
  24. ^ Sega (2003). Sonic Heroes instruction manual, pp. 7–8. (PDF)
  25. ^ a b Sonic Team (November 15, 2005). Sonic Rush. Sega. Cream: He's a tough guy, but he isn't very bright.)
  26. ^ Sonic Riders: Zero Gravity (Wii) instruction manual, p. 4.
  27. ^ Sega (1994). Sonic & Knuckles instruction manual, pp. 7–8. (PDF)
  28. ^ Bioware. Sonic Chronicles: The Dark Brotherhood (Nintendo DS). Sega. Level/area: Codex.
  29. ^ a b Thomas, Lucas M. (February 22, 2010). "Sonic & Knuckles Review". IGN. Retrieved March 13, 2014.
  30. ^ Sonic Triple Trouble instruction manual, p. 2.
  31. ^ Knuckles' Chaotix instruction manual, p. 2. (PDF)
  32. ^ Sonic Team (September 9, 1999). Sonic Adventure. Sega. Knuckles: Something's happened to the Master Emerald!
  33. ^ Sonic Team (September 9, 1999). Sonic Adventure. Sega. Knuckles: Without the Master Emerald's power, this whole island will fall into the ocean!
  34. ^ Sonic Team (September 9, 1999). Sonic Adventure. Sega. Knuckles: It's up to me to find the missing pieces of the Master Emerald.
  35. ^ Sonic Team (September 9, 1999). Sonic Adventure. Sega. Knuckles: It's that creature again! The same one I saw on my island.
  36. ^ Sonic Team (September 9, 1999). Sonic Adventure. Sega. Eggman: He's after the pieces of the Master Emerald, too!
  37. ^ Sonic Team (September 9, 1999). Sonic Adventure. Sega. Knuckles: All right! Put 'em up! Hand over the Emerald now!
  38. ^ Sonic Team (September 9, 1999). Sonic Adventure. Sega. Sonic: Oh no! The Chaos Emeralds...!
  39. ^ Sonic Team (September 9, 1999). Sonic Adventure. Sega. Eggman: Ha! That's all there is to it. You guys are too easy!
  40. ^ Sonic Team (September 9, 1999). Sonic Adventure. Sega. Sonic: No problem, Knuckles! We'll take care of everything here.
  41. ^ Sonic Team (September 9, 1999). Sonic Adventure. Sega. Knuckles: Hey look! It's Eggman's flying fortress. That's where the rest of the pieces must be.
  42. ^ Sonic Team (September 9, 1999). Sonic Adventure. Sega. Knuckles: No! It can't be! I guess he didn't get enough the first time!
  43. ^ Sonic Team (September 9, 1999). Sonic Adventure. Sega. Knuckles: This should do it! Perfect. All is well, now! The Master Emerald and the island have been restored.
  44. ^ Sega Studio USA (June 19, 2001). Sonic Adventure 2. Sega. Knuckles: What are you talking about? That Emerald's mine!
  45. ^ Sega Studio USA (June 19, 2001). Sonic Adventure 2. Sega. Rouge: Whaa... thief!
  46. ^ Sega Studio USA (June 19, 2001). Sonic Adventure 2. Sega. Knuckles: I did that to prevent the Master Emerald from being stolen, you idiot! If it's in pieces, I can restore it.
  47. ^ Sega Studio USA (June 19, 2001). Sonic Adventure 2. Sega. Knuckles: I saw Eggman go inside the pyramid and more importantly, I saw that bat go inside with him as well.
  48. ^ Sega Studio USA (June 19, 2001). Sonic Adventure 2. Sega. Knuckles: What? Why do I have to find the key?
  49. ^ Sega Studio USA (June 19, 2001). Sonic Adventure 2. Sega. Knuckles and Rouge in unison: Stop fooling around, and give me back MY Emeralds!
  50. ^ Sega Studio USA (June 19, 2001). Sonic Adventure 2. Sega. Rouge: Keep your hands to yourself! Don't touch me!
  51. ^ Sega Studio USA (June 19, 2001). Sonic Adventure 2. Sega. Rouge: Fine, just take them. They stink like echidnas do.
  52. ^ Sega Studio USA (June 19, 2001). Sonic Adventure 2. Sega. Knuckles: Finally.
  53. ^ Sega Studio USA (June 19, 2001). Sonic Adventure 2. Sega. Rouge: We should get going.
  54. ^ Sega Studio USA (June 19, 2001). Sonic Adventure 2. Sega. Gerald: All of you humans who took everything away from me will feel my loss and despair!
  55. ^ Sega Studio USA (June 19, 2001). Sonic Adventure 2. Sega. Knuckles: That's right. If I use this, we just might be able to stop the Chaos Emerald!
  56. ^ Sonic Heroes (GameCube) instruction manual, p. 7.
  57. ^ Sonic Team USA (January 5, 2004). Sonic Heroes. Sega. Eggman: In 3 days, I will conquer the world. Think you can stop me?
  58. ^ Sonic Team USA (January 5, 2004). Sonic Heroes. Sega. Eggman: Aaaa... If only we had the 7 Chaos Emeralds!
  59. ^ Sonic Advance (Game Boy Advance) instruction manual, p. 4.
  60. ^ Sonic Advance 2 instruction manual, p. 4.
  61. ^ Sonic Advance 3 instruction manual, p. 12.
  62. ^ Sonic Team (February 21, 2006). Sonic Riders. Sega. Knuckles: (about Wave the Swallow) Did she say red MUTT?!
  63. ^ Sonic Team (January 8, 2008). Sonic Riders: Zero Gravity. Sega. Knuckles: Anytime... Babylon Rogues.
  64. ^ Sonic Team (November 4, 2010). Sonic Free Riders. Sega. Knuckles: Step aside!
  65. ^ Stella, Shiva (October 10, 2008). "Sonic Chronicles: The Dark Brotherhood Review". GameSpot. Retrieved October 26, 2014.
  66. ^ Sonic Team (November 15, 2005). Sonic Rush. Sega. Knuckles: I can sense their power here!
  67. ^ Sonic Team (November 16, 2010). Sonic Colors (Nintendo DS). Sega. Rouge: Are you saying you didn't come here because of one of Eggman's letters?
  68. ^ Sonic Team (November 16, 2010). Sonic Colors (Nintendo DS). Sega. Tails: So, um, Knuckles? How'd he trick you this time?
  69. ^ Sonic Team (November 16, 2010). Sonic Colors (Nintendo DS). Sega. Knuckles: Hey, I'll, uhh... Race you through that ride! C'mon, are you chicken?!
  70. ^ Sonic Team (November 16, 2010). Sonic Colors (Nintendo DS). Sega. Rouge: Well, if you must know, I was the one who wrote that letter. Satisfied?
  71. ^ Sonic Team (November 1, 2011). Sonic Generations. Sega. Level/area: Hub world (outside Sky Sanctuary). Knuckles: Look carefully while you're on the Zip Line after the Warp Point. There's another Zip Line that'll lead to a path with a Red Star Ring.
  72. ^ Sonic Team (November 1, 2011). Sonic Generations. Sega. Level/area: Hub world (outside Sky Sanctuary). Mission description: Knuckles: Buried Treasure / Press Y to make Knuckles dig up Medals! Collect a set number and reach the goal in time!
  73. ^ Sonic Team (October 29, 2013). Sonic Lost World. Sega. Amy: Sonic and Tails'll get your buddies back.
  74. ^ Sonic Team (October 29, 2013). Sonic Lost World. Sega. Amy: It's like something in the sky is draining the life out of the world.
  75. ^ Sonic Team (October 29, 2013). Sonic Lost World. Sega. Amy: Thanks to you and Tails.
  76. ^ Sonic Gems Collection (GameCube) instruction manual, p. 5. (PDF)
  77. ^ Sonic Gems Collection (GameCube) instruction manual, p. 11.
  78. ^ Sonic Shuffle instruction manual, p. 21. (PDF)
  79. ^ "Mario & Sonic at the Olympic Games". IGN. Archived from the original on May 13, 2015. Retrieved October 13, 2014.
  80. ^ LeJacq, Yannick (July 24, 2014). "Mario Kart 8 vs. Sonic Racing: The Comparison We Had To Make". Kotaku. Retrieved October 13, 2014.
  81. ^ Sumo Digital (March 18, 2008). Sega Superstars Tennis. Sega. Level/area: Green Hill.
  82. ^ Sora, Ltd. (March 9, 2008). Super Smash Bros. Brawl. Nintendo. Level/area: Green Hill Zone.
  83. ^ a b Corriea, Alexa Ray (February 6, 2014). "Why Sega handed Sonic over to Western studios and gave him a scarf". Polygon. Retrieved February 27, 2014.
  84. ^ "Deus Ex: Mankind Divided Easter eggs reference Portal, Sonic, and Mitt Romney". 2016-08-24. Retrieved 16 February 2018.
  85. ^ Versus, Nintendo. "Knuckles the Echidna comes to Super #SmashBrosUltimate as an Assist Trophy! He'll pummel nearby fighters with his fists, and can attack from underground with a big uppercut!". Retrieved 3 July 2018.
  86. ^ "Knuckles: Guardian of the Chaos Emeralds" Sonic the Comic N/A ("Sonic Holiday Special 1994") (June 18, 1994,), Egmont Publishing
  87. ^ "Robotnik's Revenge, Part 1" Sonic the Comic 37 (October 28, 1994), Egmont Publishing
  88. ^ "Power of the Chaos Emeralds, Part 1" Sonic the Comic 35 (September 30, 1994), Egmont Publishing
  89. ^ "Power of the Chaos Emeralds, Part 2" Sonic the Comic 36 (October 13, 1994), Egmont Publishing
  90. ^ "Carnival Night Conspiracy, Part 1" Sonic the Comic 39 (November 25, 1994), Egmont Publishing
  91. ^ Sonic the Hedgehog: The Movie (DVD). ADV Films. 1999.
  92. ^ "Friend or Foe?". Sonic Underground. Season 1. Episode 18. January 18, 2000.
  93. ^ "Flying Fortress". Sonic Underground. Season 1. Episode 27. March 22, 2000.
  94. ^ "No Hedgehog Is an Island". Sonic Underground. Season 1. Episode 28. March 29, 2000.
  95. ^ "New Echidna in Town". Sonic Underground. Season 1. Episode 29. April 5, 2000.
  96. ^ "Characters: Knuckles". Archived from the original on April 10, 2012. Retrieved October 26, 2014.
  97. ^ a b "Jim Carrey Wants to Wear a Fat Suit for 'Sonic the Hedgehog' Sequel". April 23, 2020. Archived from the original on April 23, 2020. Retrieved April 23, 2020.
  98. ^ Buchanan, Levi (February 20, 2009). "Where Did Sonic Go Wrong?". Retrieved October 26, 2014.
  99. ^ IGN PlayStation Team; Moriarty, Colin (February 18, 2009). "Wednesday 10: Video game Characters That Should Die". Archived from the original on June 13, 2011. Retrieved October 26, 2014.
  100. ^ East, Thomas (May 29, 2013). "The best and worst Sonic characters". Official Nintendo Magazine. Archived from the original on October 29, 2013. Retrieved October 24, 2013.
  101. ^ ソニックチャンネル/イベント/ソニック キャラクター 人気投票 結果発表! (in Japanese). June 23, 2006. Archived from the original on February 29, 2012. Retrieved October 26, 2014.
  102. ^ Jones, Elton (July 2, 2012). "Knuckles the Echidna — 25 Characters We Want To See In "Super Smash Bros. Brawl 4"". Complex. Retrieved August 2, 2012.
  103. ^ Elijah Watson (February 5, 2014). "Knuckles, Better Than Sonic, Definitive Reasoning 20 Year Anniversary, Sonic the Hedgehog". Complex. Retrieved May 4, 2014.
  104. ^ Little, Riley (July 10, 2012). "Top 10 Third-Party Characters that Could Appear in the New 'Super Smash Bros.'". GameRant. Archived from the original on July 15, 2012. Retrieved August 2, 2012.
  105. ^ Adam (April 1995). "Chaotix". Mega Zone (50): 22.
  106. ^ "Sonic & Knuckles". Mean Machines Sega. No. 24. EMAP. p. 16.
  107. ^ "Sonic cathedral of sound". Sega Magazine. No. 9. EMAP. September 1994. p. 55.
  108. ^ "Review". Sega Magazine. No. 10. EMAP. October 1994. p. 80.
  109. ^ "Sonic Boom gets progressive in one great moment". Polygon. Retrieved January 23, 2019.
  110. ^ a b Hathaway, Jay (11 January 2018). "How Ugandan Knuckles turned VRChat into a total trollfest". The Daily Dot. Retrieved 13 January 2018.
  111. ^ MacGregor, Collin (9 January 2018). "Controversial 'Ugandan Knuckles' Meme Has Infested VRChat". Retrieved 13 January 2018.
  112. ^ a b Alexander, Julia (January 8, 2018). "'Ugandan Knuckles' is overtaking VRChat". Polygon. Vox Media, Inc. Retrieved January 9, 2018.
  113. ^ Tamburro, Paul (8 January 2018). "Creator of VRChat's 'Ugandan Knuckles' Meme Regrets His Decision". GameRevolution. Retrieved 13 January 2018.
  114. ^ Alexander, Julia (January 10, 2018). "VRChat team speaks up on player harassment in open letter". Polygon. Retrieved January 11, 2018.

External linksEdit