Kinsey (film)

Kinsey is a 2004 American biographical drama film written and directed by Bill Condon.[3] It describes the life of Alfred Charles Kinsey (played by Liam Neeson), a pioneer in the area of sexology. His 1948 publication, Sexual Behavior in the Human Male (the first of the Kinsey Reports) was one of the first recorded works that tried to scientifically address and investigate sexual behavior in humans. The film also stars Laura Linney (in a performance nominated for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress), Chris O'Donnell, Peter Sarsgaard, Timothy Hutton, John Lithgow, Tim Curry, and Oliver Platt.

Kinsey
Kinsey movie.jpg
Theatrical release poster
Directed byBill Condon
Produced byGail Mutrux
Written byBill Condon
Starring
Music byCarter Burwell
CinematographyFrederick Elmes
Edited byVirginia Katz
Production
company
Distributed byFox Searchlight Pictures
Release date
  • November 12, 2004 (2004-11-12)
Running time
118 minutes[1]
CountryUnited States
LanguageEnglish
Budget$11 million[2]
Box office$16.9 million[2]

PlotEdit

Professor Alfred Kinsey is interviewed about his sexual history. Interspersed with the interview are flashbacks from his childhood and young-adulthood. The young child years show his father, a lay minister of the Methodist church, denouncing modern inventions as leading to sexual sin, then in early adolescence, humiliating Kinsey in a store by denouncing its keeper for showing him cigarettes, while his adolescence shows his experiences as a Boy Scout and a late teenage scene shows Kinsey disappointing his father by his chosen vocational intentions. The adult Kinsey teaches at Indiana University as a professor of biology lecturing on gall wasps.

Kinsey falls in love with a student in his class, whom he calls Mac, and marries her. Consummation of their marriage is difficult at first, because of a medical problem Mac has that is fixed easily with minor surgery. At the university, Professor Kinsey, who is affectionately called "Prok" by his graduate students, meets with them after hours to offer individual sexual advice.

At a book party celebrating Kinsey's latest publication on gall wasps, Kinsey approaches the dean of students about an open-forum sex education course as opposed to the anti-sex propaganda taught in a general health education class. It is approved, but on the grounds that it is open only to teachers, graduate or senior students, and married students. Kinsey begins teaching the sex course to a packed auditorium.

Kinsey continues answering students' questions in personal meetings but his answers are severely limited by the paucity of scientific data about human sexual behavior. This leads Kinsey to pass out questionnaires in his sexual education class from which he learns of the enormous disparity between what society had assumed people do and what their actual practices are. After securing financial support from the Rockefeller Foundation, Kinsey and his research assistants, including his closest assistant, Clyde Martin, travel the country, interviewing subjects about their sexual histories.

As time progresses Kinsey realizes that sexuality within humans, including himself, is a lot more varied than was originally thought. The range of expression he creates becomes known as the Kinsey scale, which ranks overall sexuality from completely heterosexual to completely homosexual.

The first sexological book Kinsey publishes, which is on the sexual habits of the male, is a large-scale success and a best seller. Kinsey turns his research to women and is met with more controversy. With the release of the volume on female sexual behavior, support for his work declines in a time when Senator Joseph McCarthy's witch hunts against Communists and homosexuals (the latter known as the Lavender Scare) lead the Rockefeller Foundation to withdraw its financial support, fearing that it be labeled "Communist" for backing the subversion of traditional American values.

Kinsey feels he has failed everyone who has ever been a victim of sexual ignorance. A customs officer is tipped off to an importation of some of Kinsey's research material, which only exacerbates the financial hardship of Kinsey's research organization. Kinsey suffers a heart attack, and is found to have developed an addiction to barbiturates. Meeting with other philanthropists fails to garner the support needed. Still, Kinsey continues his taking of sex histories.

Returning to the initial interview, Kinsey is asked about love and whether he will ever conduct research on it. He responds that love is impossible to measure and impossible to quantify, but that it is important. Kinsey and Mac pull over to the side of the road for a nature walk. She remarks about a tree that has been there for a thousand years. Kinsey replies that the tree seems to display a strong love in the way its roots grip the earth. The two walk off together, Kinsey remarking "there's a lot of work to do".

CastEdit

ProductionEdit

Producer Gail Mutrux handed Bill Condon a biography of Kinsey in 1999 to spark his interest in writing a screenplay. Condon then based his original screenplay on elements in the biography combined with his own original research on Kinsey.[4]

Ian McKellen was at one point in negotiations for a supporting role.[4]

ReleaseEdit

Kinsey was the first film permitted to show human genitalia uncensored in Japan, known for its strict censorship policies regarding genitalia.[5]

ReceptionEdit

The review aggregator website Rotten Tomatoes reported that 90% of critics have given the film a positive review based on 195 reviews, with an average rating of 7.61/10. The site's critics consensus reads, "A biopic of the sex researcher is hailed as adventurous, clever, and subversive, with fine performances by Liam Neeson and Laura Linney."[6] On Metacritic, the film has a weighted average score of 79 out of 100 based on 40 critics, indicating "generally favorable reviews".[7]

The film grossed $10,254,979 domestically and $16,918,723 worldwide on an $11 million budget.[2]

Top ten listsEdit

Kinsey was listed on many critics' top ten lists for 2004.[8]

Awards and nominationsEdit

Year Award Category Nominee Result Ref.
2004 Academy Awards Best Supporting Actress Laura Linney Nominated [9]
2004 Golden Globe Awards Best Motion Picture - Drama Kinsey Nominated
Best Actor - Drama Film Liam Neeson Nominated
Best Actress - Drama Film Laura Linney Nominated
2004 Screen Actors Guild Award Outstanding Supporting Actress Nominated
2004 Broadcast Film Critics Association Best Picture Kinsey Nominated
Best Supporting Actor Peter Sarsgaard Nominated
Best Supporting Actress Laura Linney Nominated
Best Screenplay Bill Condon Nominated
2004 Independent Spirit Awards Best Film Kinsey Nominated
Best Male Lead Liam Neeson Nominated
Best Female Lead Laura Linney Nominated
Best Screenplay Bill Condon Nominated
2004 American Film Institute Awards Top 10 American Films of 2004 Kinsey Won
2004 National Board of Review Top Ten Films Won
Best Supporting Actress Laura Linney Won
2004 National Society of Film Critics Best Supporting Actress Peter Sarsgaard Nominated
Best Supporting Actress Laura Linney Nominated
2005 Berlin International Film Festival Golden Bear Kinsey Nominated
2004 London Film Critics Circle British Actor of the Year Liam Neeson Nominated
British Actress of the Year Laura Linney Nominated
2004 Writers Guild of America Best Original Screenplay Bill Condon Nominated

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "KINSEY (15)". 20th Century Fox. British Board of Film Classification. August 31, 2004. Retrieved September 26, 2013.
  2. ^ a b c Kinsey at Box Office Mojo
  3. ^ Bill Condon (Director) (November 12, 2004). Kinsey. Fox Searchlight Pictures.
  4. ^ a b Dunkley, Cathy (October 29, 2002). "Condon's hot for Kinsey biopic". Variety. Retrieved July 25, 2015.
  5. ^ "Why is Japanese Porn Censored?". Japan Probe. January 31, 2006. Archived from the original on May 15, 2006. Retrieved August 5, 2012.
  6. ^ "Kinsey (2004)". Rotten Tomatoes. Fandango. Retrieved December 12, 2019.
  7. ^ "Kinsey Reviews". Metacritic. CBS Interactive. Retrieved December 12, 2019.
  8. ^ "2004 Film Critic Top Ten List". Metacritic. Archived from the original on December 25, 2007. Retrieved December 25, 2007.
  9. ^ "Kinsey - Awards". Internet Movie Database. Retrieved March 28, 2020.

External linksEdit