King Li of Zhou

King Li of Zhou (died in 828 BC) (Chinese: 周厲王; pinyin: Zhōu Lì Wáng), personal name Ji Hu, was the tenth king of the Chinese Zhou Dynasty. Estimated dates of his reign are 877–841 BC or 857–842 BC (Cambridge History of Ancient China).[1]

King Li of Zhou
周厲王
King of China
Reign877–841 BC
PredecessorKing Yí of Zhou
SuccessorGonghe Regency
Died828 BC
SpouseShen Jiang
IssueKing Xuan of Zhou
Duke Huan of Zheng
Names
Ancestral name: (姬)
Given name: Hú (胡)
HouseZhou Dynasty
FatherKing Yí of Zhou
MotherWang Ji
The Zong Zhou Zhong ( Bell of Zhou), 9th century BC, National Palace Museum, Taipei.

King Li was a corrupt and decadent king. To pay for his pleasures and vices, King Li raised taxes and caused misery among his subjects. It is said that he barred the commoners from profiting from the communal forests and lakes. He enstated a new law which allowed him to punish anyone, by death, who dared to speak against him. King Li's bad rule soon forced many peasants and soldiers into revolt, and Li was sent into exile at a place called Zhi near Linfen (842 BC). His son was taken by one of his ministers and hidden.[2] When Li died in exile in 828 BC, power was passed to his son.[3]

FamilyEdit

Queens:

  • Shen Jiang, of the Jiang clan of Shen (申姜 姜姓), a sister of the Count of Shen; the mother of Crown Prince Jing and You

Sons:

AncestryEdit

King Mu of Zhou (992–922 BC)
King Gong of Zhou (d. 900 BC)
King Yih of Zhou (899–892 BC)
King Yi of Zhou (d. 878 BC)
Wang Bo Jiang
King Li of Zhou (890–828 BC)
Wang Ji of E

See alsoEdit

SourcesEdit

  1. ^ Feng, Li (2006), Landscape and Power in Early China: The Crisis and Fall of the Western Zhou 1045–771 BC, Cambridge University Press, ISBN 978-0-521-85272-2.
  2. ^ Sources of Western Zhou History: Inscribed Bronze Vessels by Edward L. Shaughnessy
  3. ^ Sima Qian. Records of the Grand Historian. Vol. 4.
King Li of Zhou
 Died: 828 BC
Regnal titles
Preceded by King of China
877–841 BC
Succeeded by