District location in Uganda
|• Total||5,100.8 km2 (1,969.4 sq mi)|
|• Land||4,245.8 km2 (1,639.3 sq mi)|
|• Water||855 km2 (330 sq mi)|
|Elevation||1,130 m (3,710 ft)|
|• Density||160.5/km2 (416/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+3 (EAT)|
Kibaale District is bordered by Hoima District to the north, Kyankwanzi District to the north-east, Mubende District to the east, Kyegegwa District to the south-east, Kyenjojo District and Kabarole District to the south-west, and Ntoroko District to the west. The district headquarters at Kibaale are approximately 219 kilometres (136 mi), by road, west of Kampala, Uganda's capital and largest city. The coordinates of the district are 00°47'00.0"N, 31°05'00.0"E (Latitude:0.783333; Longitude:31.083333).
The largest town in the district is Kagadi, in Buyaga County, followed by Karuguuza in Buyanja County. A main trunk road was built in 1997, the result of co-operation between the governments of Uganda and Ireland. The road connects the towns of Mubende, Kakumiro, Kibaale, and Kagadi.
Kibaale District is part of the Kingdom of Bunyoro, one of the traditional monarchies in Uganda. The kingdom is coterminous with the Bunyoro sub-region. Kibaale District is part of an area known as the "Lost Counties”. The 1900 Uganda Agreement defined the boundaries of the Buganda Kingdom, including the important areas of Bunyoro south and east of the Kafu River. The “Lost Counties” were included as a sub-national territorial element of Buganda. The administration of the Lost Counties as well as Bunyoro itself was modelled on the Buganda political system and under the leadership of Baganda chiefs. In a referendum held in November 1964, the residents in the two lost counties voted to return to the Kingdom of Bunyoro.
In July 2012, an outbreak of Ebola virus disease was reported in Kagadi, and as of 14 August 2012, had infected 24 and killed 16, a 66 percent case fatality rate. Officials urged people not to panic, and a national emergency task force was established. The government, the World Health Organization, and the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention sent experts to tackle the outbreak.
The 1991 national population census estimated the district population at 220,300. In 2002, the national census put the population at 405,900. The annual population growth rate of the district was estimated at 5.4 percent. It has been estimated that the population in 2012 was 681,300.
According to the 2002 national census, about 60 percent of the population were Catholics, 30 percent belonged to the Church of Uganda, and 3 percent were Muslim. The district, like most of the Western Region, is a predominantly rural area, with an average population density of around 145 square kilometres (56 sq mi). Only about 1 percent of the inhabitants live in urban settlements. Kibaale District has the highest fertility rate in Uganda (8.2).
- "Road Distance Between Kampala And Kibaale With Map". Globefeed.com. Retrieved 15 May 2014.
- Google (1 September 2016). "Location of Kibaale District, Western Region, Uganda" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved 1 September 2016.
- Ssekika, Edward (29 September 2010). "Kibaale District Splits Self Into 3". The Observer (Uganda). Retrieved 15 May 2014.
- Kivabulaya, Fredrick (10 May 2012). "Kibaale Leaders Wait For Kakumiro, Kagadi Districts". Uganda Radio Network Online. Retrieved 15 May 2014.
- Rune Hjalmar Espeland (2006). "The "Lost Counties": Politics of Land Rights and Belonging in Uganda" (PDF). Bergen, Norway: University of Bergen and Chr. Michelsen Institute, Norway. Retrieved 1 September 2016.
- Adhola, Yoga (9 August 2012). "The referendum on the Lost Counties". Daily Monitor. Kampala. Retrieved 1 September 2016.
- Muhumuza, Rodney (28 July 2012). "Officials: Uganda Ebola Outbreak Kills 14". NBC News. Retrieved 30 July 2012.
- Ni Chonghaile, Clar (29 July 2012). "Uganda Ebola Outbreak: Patients Flee Hospital Amid Contagion Fears". The Guardian. Retrieved 30 July 2012.
- Ebola in Uganda - update accessed=18 August 2012 World Heath Organization
- "Estimated Population of Kibaale District In 1991, 2002 & 2012". Retrieved 15 May 2014.
- "Uganda Population Dynamics: 2002 National Population Census" (PDF). Uganda Bureau of Statistics. Archived from the original (PDF) on 3 April 2014. Retrieved 15 May 2014.