Kibō no Tō (希望の党, Party of Hope) is a conservative political organisation in Japan founded by Tokyo Governor Yuriko Koike. Governor Koike formed the party just hours before Prime Minister Shinzō Abe declared an early 2017 general election. The organisation's ideology is mainly conservative.

Kibō no Tō

希望の党
Japanese nameKibō no Tō
LeaderShigefumi Matsuzawa
Secretary-GeneralKuniko Koda[1]
Founded25 September 2017
7 May 2018 (2018-05-07) (in current form)
Split fromDemocratic Party and Liberal Democratic Party
Headquarters2-12-8 Minami Ikebukuro, Toshima, Tōkyō
IdeologyConservatism
Right-wing populism[2]
Political positionRight-wing to far-right[3] (previously including centre-right)[4]
Colors     Green
Councillors
0 / 245
Representatives
0 / 465
Website
kibounotou.jp/

HistoryEdit

In 2016's gubernatorial election, Governor Koike was elected as the Governor with membership of the Liberal Democratic Party (LDP) even though she was not the official candidate of the party.[note 1] Then, she formed a regional party: Tomin First no Kai, which was founded for the 2017 metropolitan election. The Komeito party supported Governor Koike in the metropolitan council, even though they were part of the coalition government with the LDP at the national level.

On 28 September 2017, the leader of the opposition Democratic Party (DP), Seiji Maehara, announced that the party had abandoned plans to contest the 2017 general election on 22 October.[5] The DP caucus in the House of Representatives disbanded, with many of the party's existing representatives contesting the election as candidates for Kibō no Tō.[6] This led to the split on 2 October 2017 of the Constitutional Democratic Party, which consists of left-leaning and liberal DP politicians whom Koike had rejected as Kibō no Tō candidates.[7][8]

On 10 November 2017, the party held a leadership election to elect a co-leader of the party. Yūichirō Tamaki was elected in the caucus election by a margin of 39 to 14. Koike resigned as party leader on 14 November 2017 as a result of the poor performance in the general election, leaving Tamaki as a sole leader.[9][10]

On 24 April 2018, the leadership of Kibō and the Democratic Party announced in a joint press conference that both parties agreed to merge in May 2018 under the name Democratic Party for the People (DPFP). Several factions in both parties do not plan to join the new party. The members of these factions are expected to form their own splinter party, join other parties or become independents.[11]

Post-DPFP merger reestablishmentEdit

Prior to the merger, right-wing members of Kibō led by Shigefumi Matsuzawa stated that they intended to form a separate party that retains the Kibō no Tō name.[12] The party was formed on 7 May 2018, on the same day with the DPFP merger.[13]

On 5 June 2018, Kibō no Tō lost its legal status as a political party and became a political organization.[citation needed]

Presidents of partyEdit

No. Name Term of office Election results
Took office Left office
Preceding parties: Tomin First no Kai (national wing) & Democratic Party (2016) (centre-right)
1 Yuriko Koike 25 September 2017 14 November 2017 Unopposed
2 Yuichiro Tamaki 14 November 2017 7 May 2018 Unopposed
Successor party: Democratic Party for the People
No. Name Term of office Election results
Took office Left office
1 Shigefumi Matsuzawa 7 May 2018 Incumbent Unopposed

Election resultsEdit

General election resultsEdit

Election Leader # of candidates # of seats won # of Constituency votes % of Constituency vote # of PR Block votes % of PR Block vote Government/opposition
2017 Yuriko Koike 235
50 / 465
11,437,601 20.64% 9,677,524 17.36% Opposition

FootnotesEdit

  1. ^ The official candidate was Hiroya Masuda.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Archived copy" 役職一覧. Kibō no Tō official website. Archived from the original on 7 May 2018. Retrieved 7 May 2018.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  2. ^ Where Koike's new political party lost hope. The Japan Times. (2017.11.13) Retrieved December 22, 2018
  3. ^ Yuen, Stacey (2 October 2017). "The main rival to Japan's ruling party is really 'extreme rightist,' analyst says". CNBC. Retrieved 28 October 2017.
  4. ^ Steger, Isabella (19 October 2017). "Everything you should know about Japan's oddly drama-filled elections". Quartz. Retrieved 28 October 2017.
  5. ^ "Democratic Party effectively disbands; members to join Koike's party". Japan Today. 29 September 2017. Retrieved 4 October 2017.
  6. ^ Yoshida, Reiji (28 September 2017). "Democratic Party effectively disbands, throwing support behind Koike's party for Lower House poll" – via Japan Times Online.
  7. ^ Osaki, Tomohiro (2 October 2017). "Former DP heavyweight Yukio Edano seeks to fill void with new liberal-minded party" – via Japan Times Online.
  8. ^ "Koike's party unveils 1st list of 192 candidates for upcoming election". Japan Today. 4 October 2017. Retrieved 4 October 2017.
  9. ^ "Tokyo Gov. Koike resigns as party leader after election defeat". Kyodo News. Retrieved 11 April 2018.
  10. ^ "Subscribe to read". Financial Times. Retrieved 11 April 2018.
  11. ^ Jiji Press (25 April 2018). "DP, Kibo to merge into new party as early as May 7". Yomiuri Shimbun. Archived from the original on 26 April 2018. Retrieved 26 April 2018.
  12. ^ 松沢新党、「希望の党」党名継承 小池都知事と確認 (in Japanese). TV Asahi. 26 April 2018. Retrieved 6 May 2018.
  13. ^ "Archived copy" 新「希望」結成、小池氏は特別顧問就任を固辞 (in Japanese). Yomiuri Shimbun. 7 May 2018. Archived from the original on 8 May 2018. Retrieved 7 May 2018.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)