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Khubaib ibn Adiy (خبيب بن عدي) or Khubyab bin Adi was a Sahaba (companion) of the Islamic prophet Muhammad.[1]:350–351 He was killed during the Expedition of Al Raji.

Contents

Background to deathEdit

In 625 some men requested that Muhammad send instructors to teach them Islam,[1]:187 but the men were bribed by the two tribes of Khuzaymah who wanted revenge for the assassination of Khalid bin Sufyan by Muhammad's followers and they killed the Muslims.[2] After killing Asim ibn Thabit, Hudhayl wanted to sell his head.[1]:350–351

According to William Montgomery Watt, the most common version of the event states that the motives of the Banu Lahyan for attacking Muslims, was that the Banu Lahyan wanted to get revenge for the assassination of their chief at Muhammad's instigation. So they bribed the two tribes of Khuzaymah to say they wanted to convert to Islam. Watt also said that the seven men Muhammad sent may have been spies for Muhammad and instructors for Arab tribes. He also said that the it is difficult to verify the exact date the assassination of their chief took place.[2]

According to the Muslim scholar Safiur Rahman Mubarakpuri, the Quraysh ordered Khubyab bin Adi to be crucified by Uqba bin al-Harith because he had killed Uqba bin al-Harith's father.[1]

Muhammad ordered The Mission of Amr bin Umayyah al-Damri to assassinate Abu Sufyan to avenge Khubyab bin Adi.[3]

DeathEdit

Khubaib ibn Adiy was taken captive and escorted in a procession of thousands which was led by men like Abu Sufyan ibn Harb, and Safwan ibn Umayah, and which included Said ibn Amir.

The women and children pushed him to the place set for his death. Khubaib's death was to be in revenge for Quraysh losses in the battle of Badr. When the assembled throng arrived at the appointed place with him, the prisoner, Khubaib said in a firm but quiet voice amid the shouting of women and children:

"If you would, leave me to pray two rakaats before my death."

This the Quraysh allowed. Khubaib faced the Ka'bah and prayed two rakaats. Then Khubaib faced the Quraysh leaders.

"By God, if you thought that I asked to pray out of fear of death, I would think the prayer not worth the trouble," he said.

Then the Meccans set about dismembering Khubayb's body while he was yet alive and taunting him in the process.

"Would you like Muhammad to be in your place while you go free?"

With his blood flowing, he replied, "By God, I would not want to be safe and secure among my family while even a thorn hurts Muhammad." People shook their fists in the air and the shouting increased.

"Kill him. Kill him!"

Khubaib lifted his eyes to the heavens above the wooden cross.

"Count them all, O Lord," he said. "Destroy them and let not a single one escape."

Thereafter it could not be counted the number of swords and spears which cut through Khubaib's body.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d Mubarakpuri, The sealed nectar: biography of the Noble Prophet.
  2. ^ a b Watt, W. Montgomery (1956). Muhammad at Medina. Oxford University Press. p. 33. ISBN 978-0195773071. The common version, however, is that B. Lihyan wanted to avenge the assassination of their chief at Muhammad's instigation, and bribed two clans of the tribe of Khuzaymah to say they wanted to become Muslims and ask Muhammad to send instructors. (online)
  3. ^ Tabari, Al (2008), The foundation of the community, State University of New York Press, p. 147, ISBN 978-0-88706-344-2

External linksEdit