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List of expeditions of Muhammad

The List of expeditions of Muhammad includes the expeditions undertaken by the Muslim community during the lifetime of the Islamic prophet Muhammad.

Some sources use the word ghazwa and its plural maghazi in a narrow technical sense to refer to the expeditions in which Muhammad took part, while using the word sariyya (pl. saraya) for those early Muslim expeditions where he was not personally present.[1] Other sources use the terms ghazwa and maghazi generically to refer to both types of expeditions.[2]

Early Islamic sources contain significant divergences in the chronology of expeditions.[2] Unless noted otherwise, the dates given in this list are based on Muhammad at Medina by Montgomery Watt, who in turn follows the chronology proposed by Leone Caetani.[3]

List of expeditionsEdit

Type legend

  expeditions in which Muhammad took part (27)   expeditions which Muhammad did not take part (73)

Type Name C.E. date[3] A.H. year[3]
Expedition of Hamza ibn 'Abdul-Muttalib[2] March 623 1
Expedition of Ubaydah ibn al-Harith April 623 1
al-Kharrar expedition[3] May 623 1
Patrol of Waddan (al-Abwa'[3]) August 623 2
Patrol of Buwat September 623 2
First Expedition to Badr (Safwan[3]) September 623 2
Patrol of Zul Al-Ushairah December 623 2
Nakhla Raid January 624 2
Battle of Badr 15 March 624 2
Killing of Asma bint Marwan March 624 2
Killing of Abu Afak March 624 2
Invasion of Banu Qaynuqa April 624 2
Invasion of Sawiq May/June 624 2
Al Kudr Invasion May 624 3
Killing of Ka'b ibn al-Ashraf August/September 624 3
Dhu Amarr raid September 624 3
Invasion of Buhran October/November 624 3
Al-Qarada raid November 624 3
Battle of Uhud 23 March 625 3
Battle of Hamra al-Asad March 625 3
Expedition of Qatan June 625 4
Expedition of Abdullah Ibn Unais June 625 4
Expedition of Al Raji July 625 4
Expedition of Bir Maona July 625 4
Invasion of Banu Nadir August 625 4
Expedition of Badr al-Maw'id April 626 4
Expedition of Dhat al-Riqa June 626 5
Expedition of Dumat al-Jandal August/September 626 5
Expedition of al-Muraysi' January 627 5
Battle of the Trench April 627 5
Invasion of Banu Qurayza May 627 5
Expedition of Muhammad ibn Maslamah June 627 6
Invasion of Banu Lahyan July 627 6
Expedition of Dhu Qarad August 627 6
Expedition of Ukasha bin Al-Mihsan August/September 627 6
First Raid on Banu Thalabah August/September 627 6
Second Raid on Banu Thalabah August/September 627 6
Expedition of Zaid ibn Haritha (Al-Jumum) September 627 6
Expedition of Zaid ibn Haritha (Al-Is) September/October 627 6
Third Raid on Banu Thalabah October/November 627 6
Expedition of Zaid ibn Haritha (Hisma) October/November 627 6
Expedition of Zaid ibn Haritha (Wadi al-Qura) November/December 627 6
Expedition of Abdur Rahman bin Auf December 627/January 628 6
Expedition of Fidak December 627/January 628 6
Second Expedition of Wadi al-Qura 628 6
Expedition of Kurz bin Jabir Al-Fihri January/February 628 6
Expedition of Abdullah ibn Rawaha February/March 628 6
Treaty of Hudaybiyyah March 628 6
Conquest of Fidak May 628 7
Battle of Khaybar May/June 628 7
Third Expedition of Wadi al Qura May 628 7
Expedition of Umar ibn al-Khatab December 628 7
Expedition of Abu Bakr As-Siddiq December 628 7
Expedition of Bashir Ibn Sa’d al-Ansari (Fadak) December 628 7
Expedition of Ghalib ibn Abdullah al-Laithi (Mayfah) January 629 7
Expedition of Bashir Ibn Sa’d al-Ansari (Yemen) February 629 7
Expedition of Ibn Abi Al-Awja Al-Sulami April 629 7
Expedition of Ghalib ibn Abdullah al-Laithi (Fadak) May 629 7
Expedition of Ghalib ibn Abdullah al-Laithi (Al-Kadid) June 629 8
Expedition of Shuja ibn Wahb al-Asadi June 629 8
Expedition of Ka’b ibn 'Umair al-Ghifari July 629 8
Battle of Mu'tah September 629 8
Expedition of Amr ibn al-As October 629 8
Expedition of Abu Ubaidah ibn al Jarrah October 629 8
Expedition of Abi Hadrad al-Aslami 629 8
Expedition of Abu Qatadah ibn Rab'i al-Ansari (Khadirah) December 629 8
Expedition of Abu Qatadah ibn Rab'i al-Ansari (Batn Edam) December 629 8
Conquest of Mecca January 630 8
Expedition of Khalid ibn al-Walid (Nakhla) January 630 8
Raid of Amr ibn al-As January 630 8
Raid of Sa'd ibn Zaid al-Ashhali January 630 8
Expedition of Khalid ibn al-Walid (Banu Jadhimah) January 630 8
Battle of Hunayn January 630 8
Expedition of At-Tufail ibn 'Amr Ad-Dausi January 630 8
Battle of Autas 630 8
Expedition of Abu Amir Al-Ashari January 630 8
Expedition of Abu Musa Al-Ashari January 630 8
Siege of Ta'if February 630 8
Expedition of Uyainah bin Hisn April/May 630 9
Expedition of Qutbah ibn Amir May/June 630 9
Expedition of Dahhak al-Kilabi June/July 630 9
Expedition of Alqammah bin Mujazziz July/August 630 9
Expedition of Ali ibn Abi Talib (Al-Fuls) July/August 630 9
Expedition of Ukasha bin Al-Mihsan (Udhrah and Baliy) 630 9
Battle of Tabouk October/December 630 9
Expedition of Khalid ibn al-Walid (Dumatul Jandal) October 630 9
Expedition of Abu Sufyan ibn Harb 630 9
Demolition of Masjid al-Dirar 630 9
Expedition of Khalid ibn al-Walid (2nd Dumatul Jandal) April 631 9
Expedition of Surad ibn Abdullah April 631 9
Expedition of Khalid ibn al-Walid (Najran) June/July 631 10
Expedition of Ali ibn Abi Talib (Mudhij) December 631 10
Expedition of Ali ibn Abi Talib (Hamdan) 632 10
Demolition of Dhul Khalasa April 632 10
Expedition of Usama bin Zayd May 632 10

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ J. M. B. Jones (1983). A. F. L. Beeston et al, eds. The Mag̱ẖāzī Literature. Arabic Literature to the End of the Umayyad Period. Cambridge University Press. p. 344. 
  2. ^ a b c J. M. B. Jones (1957). "The Chronology of the "Mag̱ẖāzī"-- A Textual Survey". Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London. 19 (2): 245-246 – via JSTOR. (Subscription required (help)). 
  3. ^ a b c d e f Watt, W. Montgomery (1956). Muhammad at Medina. Oxford At The Claredon Press. pp. 339–343.