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The Kenya Police Service is a national body in charge of law enforcement in Kenya. It is subordinate to National Police Service which is headed by Inspector General of Police who exercises independent command over the Service. Kenya Police is headed by Deputy Inspector General. Kenya Police is divided into Service Headquarters, Formations, General Duty Commands and Training Institutions. General Duty commands are further divided into Regional, County, Sub-County Commands, Police stations and Police Posts in that hierarchy. Ultimately all these elements report to, and are accountable to Deputy Inspector General based at Kenya Police Headquarters in Nairobi.
|Kenya Police Service |
Polisi wa Kenya
The Kenya Police patch.
Flag of the Kenya Police
|Common name||Kenya Police |
|Motto||Utumishi kwa Wote|
(English: "Service to All")
|Employees||approx. 60,000 to 65,000|
|Map of Kenya Police Service 's jurisdiction.|
|Size||581,309 square kilometres (224,445 sq mi)|
|Headquarters||Vigilance House, Harambee Ave, Nairobi|
|Police Officers||60,000 (approx)|
|Counties||Counties of Kenya|
|Mil Mi-17, MBB Bo 105 Cessnas||15|
The Kenya police force was established as a British colonial police force in 1907. From the 1887 to 1902 policing was provided by the East Africa Trading Company. After 1902 the Kenya-Uganda Railway introduced their own police units.
In 1906 the Police Ordinance was established to create a new force in 1907, the Nairobi Mounted Police within the jurisdiction of the East Africa Protectorate. The current force's name came into effect in 1920 with the newly created British Kenya Colony.
Following Kenya's independence, the British officers were replaced with local Kenyan members.
The current structure
Regional Police Commander in charge of a region (Formerly provinces). County Police Commander in charge of County Formations. Sub-County Police Commander in charge of Sub-Counties (Previously called District). Officer Commanding Station (Ward Commander and or in charge of Police Posts and/or Patrol Bases).
The current Inspector General is Hillary Mutyambai following the introduction of the position to replace the police commissioner. He is the third holder of the position after Joseph Boinnet. The Kenya Police is divided into the following formations; the unit commandants/directors generally hold the rank of Assistant Inspector General of Police (AIG), or Commissioner of Police (CP):
- General Service Unit (GSU): both headquarters and training school are in Nairobi; the Commandant is Douglas Kanja
- Anti Stock Theft Unit: it is situated at Gilgil in Naivasha sub county, 117 km from Nairobi.
- Directorate of Criminal Investigation: It is headquartered in Karura, Nairobi. In August 2010 Ndegwa Muhoro was appointed CID Director. George Kinoti replaced Muhoro in January 2018.
- Traffic Police Department: headed by Samwel Kimaru, with main offices in Nairobi
- Kenya Police College: located in Kiganjo; commanding officer is [Kingori Mwangi]]
- Kenya Police Air Wing: has its offices in Nairobi, led by Colonel Rodgers Mbithi
- Kenya Railways Police: commanded in Nairobi by David Bunei
- Kenya Police Dog Unit: unit chief is John Mwinzi is located in Nairobi.
- Tourist Police Unit: led by Jostine Barmao with offices in Old Nairobi Area Provincial Police Hqrs.
- Kenya Airports Police Unit: headed by [] with offices in Nairobi and three divisions (Nairobi, Eldoret, Moi airports)
- Maritime Police Unit: headquartered at Kilindini Harbour in Mombasa, commanded by Stanley Lenamai
- Diplomatic Police Unit: Patrick Tito leads the unit from the Nairobi offices.
Following a history of human rights abuses by the Kenya Police, efforts are being made to reform the force. Kenyan policemen are poorly paid and have to make use with archaic housing that has not been expanded or renovated since the 1970s. This has made them very susceptible to corruption and crime. Extortion and bribery are not unknown practices and the Kenyan people rank the police among the most corrupt bodies in the country. In July 2010 the Minister, Prof. George Saitoti, announced a 28% pay increase for junior officers and a 25% pay increase for senior officers. This reform means that the most junior officer, a Police Constable, shall receive Ksh 21,000/month including allowances.
The Kenya Police wear badges of rank on the shoulders (Inspector-General – Inspector) and sleeve (Senior Sergeant – Constable) of their uniform to denote their rank. In line with the ongoing reforms, the uniforms committee is also working on new insignia for the revised rank structure, which will have to be approved by the National Police Service Commission. The order of Kenya Police ranks is as follows:
- Inspector-General (formerly Commissioner of Police) - equivalent to the 2-star General in the Kenya Defence Forces (KDF)
- Deputy Inspector-General - equivalent to the one-star rank -Brigadier General in the KDF
- Senior Assistant Inspector-General - (equivalent to Colonel]] in the KDF
- Assistant Inspector-General - equivalent to the Lieutenant Colonel] in the KDF
- Commissioner of Police
- Senior Superintendent - equivalent to Major in the KDF
- Superintendent - equivalent to Captain in the KDF
- Assistant Superintendent - equivalent to Lieutenant in the KDF
- Chief Inspector - equivalent to [[Warrant Officer 1) in the KDF
- Inspector - equivalent to Warrant Officer 2 or Sergeant Major in the KDF
- Senior Sergeant - equivalent to Senior Sergeant in the KDF
- Sergeant - equivalent to Sergeant in the KDF
- Constable - equivalent to Private in the KDF
Former Kenya Police ranks and insignia can be found at this reference.
Commissioners of Police & Inspectors-GeneralEdit
From 1906 to 1964 the force was headed by British officers.
The following officers have to date served in the capacity of Commissioner of Police:
- Bernard Hinga 1964–1978
- Ben Gethi 1978–1982
- Bernard Njinu 1982–1988
- Phillip Kilonzo 1988–1993
- Shedrack Kiruki 1993–1996
- Duncan Wachira 1996–1998
- Philemon Abong’o 1998–2002
- Edwin Nyaseda 2002–2003
- Major General Mohammed Hussein Ali 2004–2009
- Mathew Kirai Iteere 2009–2012
The following officers have served as Inspector-General:
Following the promulgation of the new Constitution of Kenya on 27 August 2010, as laid down in Chapter 17 Part 4, the Kenyan police forces is undergoing a series of reforms. Hence called The Kenya Police Service, it is now headed by a Deputy Inspector-General and the division of its functions are organised to take into account the devolved structure of government in Kenya.
The equipment of the Kenya Police and General Service Unit (GSU), a paramilitary wing of the Kenyan Police, comprises:
- 1 AS350 B3e Ecureuil helicopter (January 2012) (France), June 2012, crashed, total loss, with 6 fatalities.
- 7 Cessna aircraft, the latest (2011) being a Cessna 208 Caravan light aircraft (United States)
- 3 Mil Mi-17 helicopters (Russia)
- 1 MBB Bo 105 air ambulance helicopter (Germany)
- 3 Bell 206 (United States)
- 1 AW139 (Italy)
- Glock Pistol
- CZ 75
- G 3
- Browning Hi-Power
- H&K MP5
- 30 VN-4 (GSU)
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