Counties of Kenya

The Counties of Kenya (Swahili: Kaunti za Kenya) are geographical units envisioned by the 2010 Constitution of Kenya as the new units of devolved government that replaced the previous provincial system.[1] The establishment and executive powers of the counties is provided in Chapter Eleven of the Constitution on devolved government, the Constitution's Fourth Schedule and any other legislation passed by the Senate of Kenya concerning counties. The counties are also single-member constituencies for the election of members of parliament to the Senate of Kenya,[2] and special women members to the National Assembly of Kenya.[3]

Counties of Kenya
Kaunti za Kenya (Swahili)
Map showing Counties underthe new kenyan constitution..gif
CategorySemi-devolved state
LocationRepublic of Kenya
Number47 counties
Government
Subdivisions

As of 2022, there are 47 counties whose size and boundaries are based on the 47 legally recognized regions established by the 2010 Constitution. Following the re-organization of Kenya's national administration, counties were integrated into a new national administration with the national government posting county commissioners to counties to serve as a collaborative link with county governments.[4]

EstablishmentEdit

County governments were established in 47 counties (largely based on the 1992 districts of Kenya),[5] after the general elections in March 2013. The counties' names are set out in the First Schedule of the Constitution of Kenya.

List of countiesEdit

Under the new constitution, Kenya is now divided into 47 counties for administrative purposes. They are grouped below according to the former province of which they were part, with their areas and populations as of the 2009[6] and the 2019 census:[7]

Code County Former
Province
Area
(km2)
Population
(2009 Census)
Population
(2019 Census)
Capital Postal

Abbreviations

1 Mombasa (County) Coast 212.5 939,370 1,208,333 Mombasa (City) MSA
2 Kwale Coast 8,270.3 649,931 866,820 Kwale KWL
3 Kilifi Coast 12,245.9 1,109,735 1,453,787 Kilifi KLF
4 Tana River Coast 35,375.8 240,075 315,943 Hola TRV
5 Lamu Coast 6,497.7 191,539 143,920 Lamu LMU
6 Taita–Taveta Coast 17,083.9 284,657 340,671 Mwatate TVT
7 Garissa North Eastern 45,720.2 623,060 841,353 Garissa GRS
8 Wajir North Eastern 55,840.6 661,941 781,263 Wajir WJR
9 Mandera North Eastern 25,797.7 1,025,756 867,457 Mandera MDR
10 Marsabit Eastern 66,923.1 291,166 459,785 Marsabit MRS
11 Isiolo Eastern 25,336.1 143,294 268,002 Isiolo ISL
12 Meru Eastern 7,003.1 1,356,301 1,545,714 Meru MRU
13 Tharaka-Nithi Eastern 2,609.5 365,330 393,177 Kathwana TNT
14 Embu Eastern 2,555.9 516,212 608,599 Embu EMB
15 Kitui Eastern 24,385.1 1,012,709 1,136,187 Kitui KTU
16 Machakos Eastern 5,952.9 1,098,584 1,421,932 Machakos MCK
17 Makueni Eastern 8,008.9 884,527 987,653 Wote MKN
18 Nyandarua Central 3,107.7 596,268 638,289 Ol Kalou NDR
19 Nyeri Central 2,361.0 693,558 759,164 Nyeri NYR
20 Kirinyaga Central 1,205.4 528,054 610,411 Kerugoya / Kutus KRG
21 Murang'a Central 2,325.8 942,581 1,056,640 Murang'a MRG
22 Kiambu Central 2,449.2 1,623,282 2,417,735 Kiambu KMB
23 Turkana Rift Valley 71,597.8 855,399 926,976 Lodwar TRK
24 West Pokot Rift Valley 8,418.2 512,690 621,241 Kapenguria WPK
25 Samburu Rift Valley 20,182.5 223,947 310,327 Maralal SBR
26 Trans-Nzoia Rift Valley 2,469.9 818,757 990,341 Kitale TNZ
27 Uasin Gishu Rift Valley 2,955.3 894,179 1,163,186 Eldoret UGS
28 Elgeyo-Marakwet Rift Valley 3,049.7 369,998 454,480 Iten EMK
29 Nandi Rift Valley 2,884.5 752,965 885,711 Kapsabet NDI
30 Baringo Rift Valley 11,075.3 555,561 666,763 Kabarnet BRG
31 Laikipia Rift Valley 8,696.1 399,227 518,560 Rumuruti LKP
32 Nakuru Rift Valley 7,509.5 1,603,325 2,162,202 Nakuru (City)[8][9] NKR
33 Narok Rift Valley 17,921.2 850,920 1,157,873 Narok NRK
34 Kajiado Rift Valley 21,292.7 687,312 1,117,840 Kajiado KJD
35 Kericho Rift Valley 2,454.5 752,396 901,777 Kericho KRC
36 Bomet Rift Valley 1,997.9 730,129 875,689 Bomet BMT
37 Kakamega Western 3,033.8 1,660,651 1,867,579 Kakamega KKG
38 Vihiga Western 531.3 554,622 590,013 Mbale VHG
39 Bungoma Western 2,206.9 1,375,063 1,670,570 Bungoma BGM
40 Busia Western 1,628.4 743,946 893,681 Busia BSA
41 Siaya Nyanza 2,496.1 842,304 993,183 Siaya SYA
42 Kisumu Nyanza 2,009.5 968,909 1,155,574 Kisumu(City) KSM
43 Homa Bay Nyanza 3,154.7 963,794 1,131,950 Homa Bay HBY
44 Migori Nyanza 2,586.4 917,170 1,116,436 Migori MGR
45 Kisii Nyanza 1,317.9 1,152,282 1,266,860 Kisii KSI
46 Nyamira Nyanza 912.5 598,252 605,576 Nyamira NMR
47 Nairobi (County) Nairobi (Province) 694.9 3,138,369 4,397,073 Nairobi (City) NBI
581,309.0 38,610,997 47,564,296 Nairobi

County governmentsEdit

County governments are responsible for county legislation (outlined in article 185 of the Constitution of Kenya), executive functions (outlined in article 183), functions outlined in the fourth schedule of the constitution of Kenya, functions transferred from the national government through article 187 of the constitution of Kenya, functions agreed upon with other counties under article 189(2) of the constitution of Kenya, and establishment and staffing of a public service (under article 235 of the Constitution of Kenya).[10] The functions of governments assigned to counties by the fourth schedule of the Constitution of Kenya are:[11]

AgricultureEdit

  • Crop and animal husbandry
  • Livestock sale yards
  • County abattoirs (slaughterhouses)
  • Plant and animal disease control
  • Fisheries

County health servicesEdit

  • County health facilities and pharmacies
  • Ambulance services
  • Promotion of primary health care
  • Licensing and control of undertakings that sell food to the public
  • Veterinary services (excluding regulation of the profession)
  • Cemeteries, funeral parlors and crematoria
  • Refuse removal, refuse dumps and solid waste disposal.
  • Food distribution and Free services for pregnant mothers

Pollution, nuisances and advertising controlEdit

  • Control of air pollution, noise pollution, other public nuisances and outdoor advertising

Cultural activities, public entertainment and public amenitiesEdit

  • Betting, casinos and other forms of gambling
  • Racing
  • Liquor licensing
  • Cinemas
  • Video shows and hiring
  • Libraries
  • Museums
  • Sports and cultural activities and facilities
  • County parks, beaches and recreation facilities
  • Ice skating
  • Sport fishing
  • Golf
  • Horse racing
  • Rugby

County transportEdit

  • County roads
  • Street lighting
  • Traffic and parking
  • Public road transport
  • Ferries and harbors, excluding the regulation of international and national shipping and matters related thereto
  • SGR- Madaraka Express (modern railway experience)

Trade development and regulationEdit

  • Markets
  • Trade licenses, excluding regulation of professions
  • Fair trading practices
  • Local tourism
  • Cooperative societies

County planning and developmentEdit

  • Statistics
  • Land surveying, planning and mapping of resources
  • Boundaries and fencing
  • Housing
  • Electricity and gas reticulation and energy regulation

Education and childcareEdit

  • Pre-primary education, village polytechnics, homecraft center's and childcare facilities
  • Adult education and national exam registration for the same.

Policy implementationEdit

  • Implementation of specific national government policies on natural resources and environmental conservation
  • Soil and water conservation
  • Forestry

County public works and servicesEdit

  • Stormwater management systems in built-up areas
  • Water and sanitation services

Fire fighting services and disaster managementEdit

Counties are mandated by the 2010 constitution of Kenya to enact legislation and laws that ensures management and controls of fire fighting.

Control of drugs and pornographyEdit

CoordinationEdit

  • Ensuring and coordinating the participation of communities and locations in governance at the local level
  • Assisting communities and locations to develop the administrative capacity for the effective exercise of the functions and powers and participation in governance at the local level

County executive committeeEdit

The county governor and the deputy county governor are the chief executive and deputy chief executive of the county, respectively.[12] The Independent Electoral and Boundaries Commission[13] shall not conduct a separate election for the deputy governor but shall declare the running mate of the person who is elected county governor to have been elected as the deputy governor.[14] Each county will be run by an executive committee, consisting of:

  • A governor, elected directly by the people
  • A deputy, elected as running mate of the successful candidate for governorship
  • A number of committee members not exceeding a third (or ten where a county assembly has more than 30 members) of the members of the respective county assembly
  • A county secretary,[15] nominated by the governor and approved by the county assembly, who will double up as head of the county public service, and secretary to the county executive committee[16]

As a specialty in the democratic system Kenyan law requires governors to have a recognised university degree (it is not necessary for the President of the United States, for example, to hold a degree).[17]

County assembliesEdit

The counties will each have an assembly[18] whose members are elected from single member constituencies known as wards.[19] There may also be a number of nominated members as is necessary to ensure that neither male nor female members constitute more than two-thirds of the assembly.[20] There will also be six nominated members to represent marginalised groups (persons with disabilities, and the youth) and a county assembly speaker who will be an ex officio member of the assembly.[21]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Article 6, Devolution and access to Services, The 2010 Constitution of Kenya
  2. ^ Article 98, (1) (a), Membership of the Senate, the 2010 Constitution of Kenya
  3. ^ Article 97, (1) (b) Membership of the National Assembly, The 2010 Constitution of Kenya
  4. ^ Kenyan County Commissioners Re-Organised Under New Structure, http://allafrica.com/stories/201307230067.html
  5. ^ "List and Format Used to Number Kenya's 47 Counties". Soko Directory. 11 July 2019. Retrieved 24 May 2020.
  6. ^ Kenya National Bureau of Statistics; and the final report of the IEBC as ratified in the National Assembly Constituencies and County Assembly Wards Order, 2012.
  7. ^ "Home". knbs.or.ke.
  8. ^ June 04 2021, Friday (4 June 2021). "Senate approves Nakuru bid for city status". Business Daily. Retrieved 16 June 2021.
  9. ^ Gachuhi, Kennedy. "Nakuru town's long journey to city status". The Standard. Retrieved 16 June 2021.
  10. ^ "Role and Functions of County Governments in Kenya". AfroCave. 6 August 2019. Archived from the original on 28 February 2021. Retrieved 13 October 2020.
  11. ^ "2. County Governments". Kenya Law Reform Commission. 29 August 2012.
  12. ^ "179. County executive committees". Kenya Law Reform Commission. 29 August 2012.
  13. ^ "Role of Independent Electoral and Boundaries Commission". AfroCave. 9 March 2020. Archived from the original on 16 April 2021. Retrieved 13 October 2020.
  14. ^ "180. Election of county governor and deputy county governor". Kenya Law Reform Commission. 29 August 2012.
  15. ^ "Role and Functions of the County Secretary in Kenya". AfroCave. 21 March 2019. Retrieved 25 September 2021.
  16. ^ Appointment of county secretary, Section 44, County Government Act 2012
  17. ^ "SHITANDA, WANJIRU OUT OVER DEGREES". The Standard. 18 January 2013. Archived from the original on 22 January 2013. Retrieved 20 January 2013.
  18. ^ "Functions and Role of the County Assembly in Kenya". AfroCave. 14 August 2018. Archived from the original on 1 March 2021. Retrieved 13 October 2020.
  19. ^ "Role of Members of the County Assembly in Kenya". AfroCave. 12 April 2019. Archived from the original on 13 October 2020. Retrieved 13 October 2020.
  20. ^ Article 177, (1) Membership of a County Assembly, The 2010 Constitution of Kenya.
  21. ^ Article 177 (c), The 2010 Constitution of Kenya

External linksEdit