Kendall County, Texas
Kendall County is a county located on the Edwards Plateau in the U.S. state of Texas. In 2010 census, its population was 33,410. Its county seat is Boerne. The county is named for George Wilkins Kendall, a journalist and Mexican–American War correspondent.
The Kendall County Courthouse in Boerne
Location within the U.S. state of Texas
Texas's location within the U.S.
|Named for||George Wilkins Kendall|
|• Total||663 sq mi (1,720 km2)|
|• Land||662 sq mi (1,710 km2)|
|• Water||0.6 sq mi (2 km2) 0.09%%|
|• Density||50/sq mi (20/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−6 (Central)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−5 (CDT)|
Progressive Farmer rated Kendall County fifth in its list of the "Best Places to Live in Rural America" in 2006.
Kendall, along with Hays and Comal counties, was listed in 2017 of the nation's ten fastest-growing large counties with a population of at least ten thousand. From 2015 to 2016, Kendall County, the second-fastest-growing county in the nation, grew by 5.16 percent, gaining 2,088 people in a one year period.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Communities
- 5 Politics
- 6 Government offices
- 7 Darmstadt Society of Forty
- 8 See also
- 9 References
- 10 External links
- c. Early Native American inhabitants include Kiowa, Comanche and Lipan Apache.
- 1700s Lipan Apaches discover Cascade Caverns.
- April 20 – Adelsverein organized in Germany to promote emigration to Texas.
- June 7 – Fisher-Miller Land Grant sets aside 3,000,000 acres (1.2×1010 m2) to settle 600 families and single men of German, Dutch, Swiss, Danish, Swedish, and Norwegian ancestry in Texas.
- Prince Carl of Solms-Braunfels secures title to 1,265 acres (5.12 km2) of the Veramendi grant, including the Comal Springs and River, for the Adelsverein.
- February – Thousands of German immigrants are stranded at port of disembarkation Indianaola on Matagorda Bay. With no food or shelters, living in holes dug into the ground, an estimated 50% die from disease or starvation. The living begin to walk to their destinations hundreds of miles away.
- May – John O. Meusebach arrives in Galveston.
- December 20 – Henry Francis Fisher and Burchard Miller sell their rights in the land grant to Adelsverein.
- 1849 Freethinkers Bettina colonists from Llano County settle Tusculum, named after Cicero’s home in ancient Rome. The initial community bans any churches from being erected. The town is later re-named Boerne, for German-Jewish political writer Ludwig Börne, who influenced Karl Marx.
- 1850s George W. Kendall introduces sheep ranching to the County.
- John O. Meusebach receives an appointment as commissioner from Governor Elisha M. Pease
- May 14–15, San Antonio – The Texas State Convention of Germans adopt a political, social and religious platform, including: 1) Equal pay for equal work; 2) Direct election of the President of the United States; 3) Abolition of capital punishment; 4) "Slavery is an evil, the abolition of which is a requirement of democratic principles.."; 5) Free schools – including universities – supported by the state, without religious influence; and 6) Total separation of church and state.
- Comfort is founded by German immigrant Freethinkers and abolitionists.
- 1860 Boerne Village Band is formed by Karl Dienger.
- 1861 Unionists from Kerr, Gillespie, and Kendall counties participate in the formation of the Union League, a secret organization to support President Abraham Lincoln’s policies.
- Kendall County is established from Kerr and Blanco counties, named for journalist George Wilkins Kendall. Boerne is the county seat.
- The Union League forms companies to protect the frontier against Indians and their families against local Confederate forces. Conscientious objectors to the military draft are primarily among Tejanos and Germans .
- May 30 – Confederate authorities impose martial law on Central Texas.
- August 10 – Nueces massacre in Kinney County. Jacob Kuechler serves as a guide for 61 conscientious objectors attempting to flee to Mexico. Scottish born Confederate irregular James Duff and his Duff’s Partisan Rangers pursue and overtake them at the Nueces River, 34 are killed, some executed after being taken prisoner. Jacob Kuechler survives the battle. The cruelty shocks the people of Gillespie County. 2,000 take to the hills to escape Duff's reign of terror.
- Spring Creek Cemetery near Harper in Gillespie County has a singular grave with the names Sebird Henderson, Hiram Nelson, Gus Tegener and Frank Scott. The inscription reads "Hanged and thrown in Spring Creek by Col. James Duff’s Confederate Regiment."
- 1866 Samuel Boyd Patton was elected chief justice after his home became part of Kendall county which was Blanco County.
- 1866, August 10 – Treue der Union Monument ("Loyalty to the Union") in Comfort dedicated to the German Texans slain at the Nueces massacre. It is the only monument to the Union outside of the National Cemeteries on Confederate territory. It is one of only six such sites allowed to fly the United States flag at half-mast in perpetuity.
- 1870 Original Kendall County limestone courthouse built. Italianate architecture. Architect Philip Zoeller and J. F. Stendebach.
- 1887 San Antonio and Aransas Pass Railway begins Boerne to San Antonio route.
- 1897, May 27 – John O. Meusebach dies at his farm at Loyal Valley in Mason County, is buried in the Marschall Meusebach Cemetery at Cherry Spring.
- 1900 Kendall County has 542 farms. Area has risen from 153,921 acres (622.90 km2) in 1880 to 339,653 acres (1,374.53 km2). Stockraising is still the principal industry.
- 1905 Citizens of Boerne gather together to share agricultural information, recipes, and news of events. This later became the annual Kendall County Fair.
- 1913 The Kendall County Fair Association was organized and was awarded a nonprofit corporate charter from the State of Texas.
- 1914 Fredericksburg and Northern Railway connects Fredericksburg with the San Antonio and Aransas Pass Railway track just east of Comfort.
- 1918 Hygieostatic Bat Roost house built in Comfort to attract bats to eradicate mosquitoes and reduce the spread of malaria. Designed for former San Antonio Mayor Albert Steves Sr., by bat authority Dr. Charles A. R. Campbell.
- The Great Depression brings increase in tenant farming.
- Commercial development of Cascade Caverns begins.
- World War II – American Military bases in the San Antonio area provide jobs for Kendall County residents.
- 1983 Guadalupe River State Park opens to the public.
- 1988 Federal Republic of Germany recognizes the Boerne Village Band for its contribution to the German heritage in Texas and America.
- 1990, Earth Day – Cibolo Nature Center opens to the public.
- 1991 Texas legislature adopts a resolution recognizing the Boerne Village Band for "keeping alive German music as a part of our heritage."
- 1998 Current Kendall County limestone, steel and concrete courthouse built in Boerne, across the street from the original 1870 courthouse. Architect Rehler Vaughn & Koone, Inc.
- 2005 Kendall County celebrates its 100th anniversary of the Kendall County Fair. The Kendall County Fair Association continues to produce one of the few remaining entirely privately funded county fairs in the state of Texas.
- 2013 The Kendall County Fair Association, Inc. celebrates its 100th year of existence.
- 2015 Kendall County declares a State of Emergency from May flooding.
- Interstate 10
- U.S. Highway 87 (Old Spanish Trail)
- U.S. Highway 87 Business (Old Spanish Trail)
- State Highway 27 (Old Spanish Trail)
- State Highway 46
- Farm To Market Road 289 (Old Spanish Trail)
- Farm to Market Road 1621
- Farm to Market Road 3351
- Ranch to Market Road 473
- Ranch to Market Road 474
- Ranch to Market Road 1376
- Ranch to Market Road 3160 (Formerly part of FM 3351)
- Gillespie County (north)
- Blanco County (northeast)
- Comal County (southeast)
- Bexar County (south)
- Bandera County (southwest)
- Kerr County (west)
- Guadalupe River
- Cibolo Creek
- Boerne Lake
- Browns Creek
- Block Creek
- Spring Creek
- Flat Rock Creek
- West Sister Creek
- East Sister Creek
- Sister Creek
- Wemer Creek
- Jacobs Creek
- Curry Creek
- First Coffee Hollow
- Dry Creek
- Sheps Creek
- Ralls Creek
- Ross Creek
- Black Creek
- Pleasant Valley Creek
- Polecat Spring Creek
- Joshua Creek
- Zinke Creek
- Holliday Creek
- Lake Oz
- Postroak Creek
- Deep Hollow Creek
- Menger Creek
- Kww Ranch Lake
- Masters Lake
- Smith Investment company lake number 1
- 711 Ranch Lake
- Goss Creek
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2010, there were 33,410 people, 8,613 households, and 6,692 families residing in the county. The population density was 36 people per square mile (14/km²). There were 9,609 housing units at an average density of 14 per square mile (6/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 92.86% White, 0.56% Native American, 0.35% Black or African American, 0.23% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 4.41% from other races, and 1.55% from two or more races. 17.89% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 8,613 households out of which 36.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 67.20% were married couples living together, 7.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 22.30% were non-families. 19.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.70 and the average family size was 3.09.
In the county, the population was spread out with 27.20% under the age of 18, 6.10% from 18 to 24, 26.40% from 25 to 44, 26.40% from 45 to 64, and 13.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.40 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $49,521, and the median income for a family was $58,081. Males had a median income of $39,697 versus $28,807 for females. The per capita income for the county was $24,619. About 7.90% of families and 10.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.60% of those under age 18 and 9.40% of those age 65 or over.
Other unincorporated communitiesEdit
Kendall County constitutes an anomaly in Texas politics because it is a historically Republican county in a state that was overwhelmingly Democratic at presidential level until the 1950s and at other levels until the 1960s. This is largely due to the heavily German American heritage of the county and that the area Kendall County occupies was the centre of Texas’ small Unionist movement during the Civil War, when most Texas Germans acquiesced to secession but Fredericksburg and surrounds were still self-sufficient and sold surplus food to the army. No Democratic Presidential nominee has carried Kendall County since Franklin D. Roosevelt won 88 percent of Texas’ vote and carried all 254 counties in 1932, though his performance is particularly impressive seeing as how he won the county by almost 50 points despite the county's long-standing Republican favoritism. In 1936, when Roosevelt won over 87 percent of Texas’ vote, Alf Landon carried Kendall County with over 62 percent of the vote, while Kendall was the nation’s southernmost county to vote for Landon. Since then, only Lyndon Johnson in 1964 and Jimmy Carter in 1976 have managed over thirty percent for the Democratic Party in Kendall County.
The county is part of the 21st District in the United States House of Representatives, represented by Republican Lamar S. Smith, the 25th district of the Texas State Senate, represented by Republican Donna Campbell, and the 73rd District of the Texas House of Representatives and is represented by Republican Kyle Biedermann. Biedermann's predecessors in the House seat are Republicans. They include Nathan Macias, a businessman from Bulverde, Carter Casteel, a former Comal County county judge and a lawyer in New Braunfels, and Doug Miller, a former mayor of New Braunfels.
- Albert & Bessie Kronkosky State Natural Area (future)
- Boerne-Hallie Maude Neff State Park (former)
- Guadalupe River State Park (part)
- Old Tunnel State Park
- Alamo Springs Volunteer Fire Department
- Berghiem Volunteer Fire Department
- Boerne Fire Department
- Comfort Fire Department
- Kendalla Volunteer Fire Department
- Sisterdale Volunteer Fire Department
- Waring Voulunteer Fire Department
- Village Post Office, Bergheim
- Boerne Carrier Annex
- Boerne Post Office
- Comfort Post Office
- Kendalia Post Office
- Waring Post Office
- Welfare Post Office (1880–1976)
- Currey's Creek Post Office (1870–1894)
- Panther Creek Post Office (Jun 1879-Aug 1879)
- Ammans Post Office (Feb 1881-Oct 1881)
- Benton Post Office (1875–1880)
- Block Creek Post Office (1884–1895)
- Curry Post Office (1894–1895)
- Guadalupe Post Office (1875–1890)
- Hastings Post Office (1890–1903)
- Hodge's Mill Post Office (1867–1870)
- Joseway Post Office (Feb 1880-Mar 1880)
- Schiller Post Office (1890–1907)
- South Grape Creek Post Office (1875–1881)
- Waringford Post Office (1888–1891)
- Windsor Post Office (1880–1888)
- Bankersmith Post Office
- Brownsboro Post Office
Darmstadt Society of FortyEdit
Count Castell of the Adelsverein negotiated with the separate Darmstadt Society of Forty to colonize two hundred families on the Fisher–Miller Land Grant territory in Texas. In return, they were to receive $12,000 in money, livestock, equipment and provisions for a year. After the first year, the colonies were expected to support themselves. The colonies attempted were Castell, Leiningen, Bettina, Schoenburg and Meerholz in Llano County; Darmstädler Farm in Comal County; and Tusculum in Kendall County. Of these, only Castell survives. The colonies failed after the Adelsverein funding expired, and also due to conflict of structure and authorities. Some members moved to other Adelsverein settlements in Texas. Others moved elsewhere, or returned to Germany.
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