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Kendall County is a county located on the Edwards Plateau in the U.S. state of Texas. In 2010 census, its population was 33,410.[2] Its county seat is Boerne.[3] The county is named for George Wilkins Kendall, a journalist and Mexican-American War correspondent.

Kendall County, Texas
Kendall county courthouse.jpg
The Kendall County Courthouse in Boerne
Seal of Kendall County, Texas
Seal
Map of Texas highlighting Kendall County
Location in the U.S. state of Texas
Map of the United States highlighting Texas
Texas's location in the U.S.
Founded 1862
Named for George Wilkins Kendall
Seat Boerne
Largest city Boerne
Area
 • Total 663 sq mi (1,717 km2)
 • Land 662 sq mi (1,715 km2)
 • Water 0.6 sq mi (2 km2), 0.09%
Population
 • (2016) 42,540[1]
 • Density 50/sq mi (19/km²)
Congressional district 21st
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.co.kendall.tx.us

Kendall County is part of the San Antonio-New Braunfels, TX Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Progressive Farmer rated Kendall County fifth in its list of the "Best Places to Live in Rural America" in 2006.

Kendall, along with Hays and Comal counties, was listed in 2017 of the nation's ten fastest-growing large counties with a population of at least ten thousand. From 2015 to 2016, Kendall County, the second-fastest-growing county in the nation, grew by 5.16 percent, gaining 2,088 people in a one year period.[4][1]

Contents

HistoryEdit

Before 1850Edit

April 20 - Adelsverein[7] organized in Germany to promote emigration to Texas.
June 7 - Fisher-Miller Land Grant sets aside 3,000,000 acres (1.2×1010 m2) to settle 600 families and single men of German, Dutch, Swiss, Danish, Swedish, and Norwegian ancestry in Texas.[8]
Prince Carl of Solms-Braunfels secures title to 1,265 acres (5.12 km2) of the Veramendi grant, including the Comal Springs and River, for the Adelsverein.
February - Thousands of German immigrants are stranded at port of disembarkation Indianaola on Matagorda Bay. With no food or shelters, living in holes dug into the ground, an estimated 50% die from disease or starvation. The living begin to walk to their destinations hundreds of miles away.[9][10]
May - John O. Meusebach arrives in Galveston.[11]
December 20 - Henry Francis Fisher and Burchard Miller sell their rights in the land grant to Adelsverein.
  • 1847
Meusebach–Comanche Treaty[12]
Sisterdale established.[13]

1850-1899Edit

  • 1850s George W. Kendall introduces sheep ranching to the County.
  • 1854
John O. Meusebach receives an appointment as commissioner from Governor Elisha M. Pease[15]
May 14–15, San Antonio - The Texas State Convention of Germans adopt a political, social and religious platform, including: 1) Equal pay for equal work; 2) Direct election of the President of the United States; 3) Abolition of capital punishment; 4) "Slavery is an evil, the abolition of which is a requirement of democratic principles.."; 5) Free schools – including universities - supported by the state, without religious influence; and 6) Total separation of church and state.[16]
Comfort is founded by German immigrant Freethinkers and abolitionists.[17]
Kendall County is established from Kerr and Blanco counties, named for journalist George Wilkins Kendall. Boerne is the county seat.
The Union League forms companies to protect the frontier against Indians and their families against local Confederate forces. Conscientious objectors to the military draft are primarily among Tejanos and Germans .
May 30 – Confederate authorities impose martial law on Central Texas.
August 10 - Nueces massacre in Kinney County. Jacob Kuechler serves as a guide for 61 conscientious objectors attempting to flee to Mexico. Scottish born Confederate irregular James Duff and his Duff’s Partisan Rangers pursue and overtake them at the Nueces River, 34 are killed, some executed after being taken prisoner.Jacob Kuechler survives the battle. The cruelty shocks the people of Gillespie County. 2,000 take to the hills to escape Duff's reign of terror.[20]
Spring Creek Cemetery near Harper in Gillespie County has a singular grave with the names Sebird Henderson, Hiram Nelson, Gus Tegener and Frank Scott. The inscription reads "Hanged and thrown in Spring Creek by Col. James Duff’s Confederate Regiment."[21][22]
  • 1866 Samuel Boyd Patton was elected chief justice after his home became part of Kendall county which was Blanco County.[23]
  • 1866, August 10 - Treue der Union Monument ("Loyalty to the Union") in Comfort dedicated to the German Texans slain at the Nueces massacre.It is the only monument to the Union outside of the National Cemeteries on Confederate territory. It is one of only six such sites allowed to fly the United States flag at half-mast in perpetuity.[24][25]
  • 1870 Original Kendall County limestone courthouse built. Italianate architecture. Architect Philip Zoeller and J. F. Stendebach.[26]
  • 1885
Austrian-born Andreas Engel founds Bergheim.[27]
Sisterdale cotton gin begins operations.[28]

1900-presentEdit

  • 1900 Kendall County has 542 farms. Area has risen from 153,921 acres (622.90 km2) in 1880 to 339,653 acres (1,374.53 km2). Stockraising is still the principal industry.
  • 1905 Citizens of Boerne gather together to share agricultural information, recipes, and news of events. This later became the annual Kendall County Fair.[33]
  • 1913 The Kendall County Fair Association was organized and was awarded a nonprofit corporate charter from the State of Texas.[33]
  • 1914 Fredericksburg and Northern Railway connects Fredericksburg with the San Antonio and Aransas Pass Railway track just east of Comfort.
  • 1918 Hygieostatic Bat Roost house built in Comfort to attract bats to eradicate mosquitoes and reduce the spread of malaria. Designed for former San Antonio Mayor Albert Steves Sr., by bat authority Dr. Charles A. R. Campbell.[34][35]
  • 1930’s
The Great Depression brings increase in tenant farming.
Commercial development of Cascade Caverns begins.
  • World War II - American Military bases in the San Antonio area provide jobs for Kendall County residents.
  • 1983 Guadalupe River State Park opens to the public.[36]
  • 1988 Federal Republic of Germany recognizes the Boerne Village Band for its contribution to the German heritage in Texas and America.[37]
  • 1990, Earth DayCibolo Nature Center opens to the public.[38]
  • 1991 Texas legislature adopts a resolution recognizing the Boerne Village Band for "keeping alive German music as a part of our heritage."
  • 1998 Current Kendall County limestone, steel and concrete courthouse built in Boerne, across the street from the original 1870 courthouse. Architect Rehler Vaughn & Koone, Inc.
  • 2005 Kendall County celebrates its 100th anniversary of the Kendall County Fair. The Kendall County Fair Association continues to produce one of the few remaining entirely privately funded county fairs in the state of Texas.
  • 2013 The Kendall County Fair Association, Inc. celebrates its 100th year of existence.
  • 2015 Kendall County declares a State of Emergency from May flooding.

GeographyEdit

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 663 square miles (1,720 km2), of which 662 square miles (1,710 km2) is land and 0.6 square miles (1.6 km2) (0.09%) is water.[39]

Major highwaysEdit

Historic highwaysEdit

Adjacent countiesEdit

WaterwaysEdit

CavesEdit

DemographicsEdit

Census Pop.
1870 1,536
1880 2,763 79.9%
1890 3,826 38.5%
1900 4,103 7.2%
1910 4,517 10.1%
1920 4,779 5.8%
1930 4,970 4.0%
1940 5,080 2.2%
1950 5,423 6.8%
1960 5,889 8.6%
1970 6,964 18.3%
1980 10,635 52.7%
1990 14,589 37.2%
2000 23,743 62.7%
2010 33,410 40.7%
Est. 2016 42,540 [40] 27.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[41]
1850–2010[42] 2010–2014[2]

As of the census[43] of 2010, there were 33,410 people, 8,613 households, and 6,692 families residing in the county. The population density was 36 people per square mile (14/km²). There were 9,609 housing units at an average density of 14 per square mile (6/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 92.86% White, 0.56% Native American, 0.35% Black or African American, 0.23% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 4.41% from other races, and 1.55% from two or more races. 17.89% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 8,613 households out of which 36.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 67.20% were married couples living together, 7.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 22.30% were non-families. 19.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.70 and the average family size was 3.09.

In the county, the population was spread out with 27.20% under the age of 18, 6.10% from 18 to 24, 26.40% from 25 to 44, 26.40% from 45 to 64, and 13.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 95.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.40 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $49,521, and the median income for a family was $58,081. Males had a median income of $39,697 versus $28,807 for females. The per capita income for the county was $24,619. About 7.90% of families and 10.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.60% of those under age 18 and 9.40% of those age 65 or over.

CommunitiesEdit

PoliticsEdit

Presidential Elections Results[44]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 77.4% 15,700 18.0% 3,643 4.6% 940
2012 81.6% 14,508 17.1% 3,043 1.3% 232
2008 77.5% 12,971 21.5% 3,599 1.1% 176
2004 81.3% 11,434 18.0% 2,532 0.8% 106
2000 79.4% 8,788 17.2% 1,901 3.5% 384
1996 67.7% 5,940 23.8% 2,092 8.5% 749
1992 56.6% 4,162 18.7% 1,374 24.7% 1,818
1988 76.2% 4,875 22.6% 1,446 1.2% 77
1984 82.7% 4,568 17.0% 938 0.3% 16
1980 76.5% 3,890 21.1% 1,075 2.4% 121
1976 67.0% 2,543 31.4% 1,190 1.6% 60
1972 84.2% 2,681 15.2% 484 0.6% 18
1968 63.5% 1,569 21.8% 538 14.7% 364
1964 55.2% 1,200 44.6% 970 0.1% 3
1960 73.5% 1,544 26.1% 549 0.3% 7
1956 81.1% 1,519 18.2% 341 0.7% 13
1952 82.5% 1,786 17.1% 370 0.4% 8
1948 67.5% 1,207 28.6% 511 4.0% 71
1944 75.9% 1,337 17.5% 309 6.6% 116
1940 75.8% 1,321 24.1% 421 0.1% 2
1936 62.8% 693 36.7% 405 0.5% 6
1932 25.9% 416 73.7% 1,185 0.5% 8
1928 63.6% 663 36.2% 377 0.2% 2
1924 55.9% 689 11.0% 136 33.0% 407
1920 73.0% 846 12.3% 142 14.8% 171
1916 71.0% 590 27.9% 232 1.1% 9
1912 23.6% 119 39.6% 200 36.8% 186

Kendall County constitutes an anomaly in Texas politics because it is a historically Republican county in a state that was overwhelmingly Democratic at presidential level until the 1950s and at other levels until the 1960s. This is largely due to the heavily German American heritage of the county and that the area Kendall County occupies was the centre of Texas’ small Unionist movement during the Civil War, when most Texas Germans acquiesced to secession but Fredericksburg and surrounds were still self-sufficient and sold surplus food to the army.[45] No Democratic Presidential nominee has carried Kendall County since Franklin D. Roosevelt won 88 percent of Texas’ vote and carried all 254 counties in 1932. In 1936, when Roosevelt won over 87 percent of Texas’ vote, Alf Landon carried Kendall County with over 62 percent of the vote, while Kendall was the nation’s southernmost county to vote for Landon. Since then, only Lyndon Johnson in 1964 and Jimmy Carter in 1976 have managed over thirty percent for the Democratic Party in Kendall County.

The county is part of the 21st District in the United States House of Representatives, represented by Republican Lamar S. Smith, the 25th district of the Texas State Senate, represented by Republican Donna Campbell, and the 73rd District of the Texas House of Representatives and is represented by Republican Kyle Biedermann. Biedermann's predecessors in the House seat are Republicans. They include Nathan Macias, a businessman from Bulverde, Carter Casteel, a former Comal County county judge and a lawyer in New Braunfels, and Doug Miller, a former mayor of New Braunfels.

Government officesEdit

State parksEdit

Fire departmentsEdit

Post officesEdit

  • Village Post Office, Bergheim
  • Boerne Carrier Annex
  • Boerne Post Office
  • Comfort Post Office
  • Kendalia Post Office
  • Waring Post Office

FormerEdit

  • Welfare Post Office (1880-1976)
  • Currey's Creek Post Office (1870-1894)
  • Panther Creek Post Office (Jun 1879-Aug 1879)
  • Ammans Post Office (Feb 1881-Oct 1881)
  • Benton Post Office (1875-1880)
  • Block Creek Post Office (1884-1895)
  • Curry Post Office (1894-1895)
  • Guadalupe Post Office (1875-1890)
  • Hastings Post Office (1890-1903)
  • Hodge's Mill Post Office (1867-1870)
  • Joseway Post Office (Feb 1880-Mar 1880)
  • Schiller Post Office (1890-1907)
  • South Grape Creek Post Office (1875-1881)
  • Waringford Post Office (1888-1891)
  • Windsor Post Office (1880-1888)
  • Bankersmith Post Office
  • Brownsboro Post Office

Darmstadt Society of FortyEdit

Count Castell[46] of the Adelsverein negotiated with the separate Darmstadt Society of Forty to colonize two hundred families on the Fisher-Miller Land Grant territory in Texas. In return, they were to receive $12,000 in money, livestock, equipment and provisions for a year. After the first year, the colonies were expected to support themselves.[47] The colonies attempted were Castell,[48] Leiningen, Bettina,[49] Schoenburg and Meerholz in Llano County; Darmstädler Farm in Comal County; and Tusculum in Kendall County.[50] Of these, only Castell survives. The colonies failed after the Adelsverein funding expired, and also due to conflict of structure and authorities. Some members moved to other Adelsverein settlements in Texas. Others moved elsewhere, or returned to Germany.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Press Release Number: CB17-44. Maricopa County Added Over 222 People Per Day in 2016, More Than Any Other County, U.S. Census Bureau, March 23, 2017.
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 13, 2011. Retrieved December 18, 2013. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ Zeke MacCormack, "Folks flocking to area counties: Kendall, Comal, and Hays are on the top 10 list", San Antonio Express-News, March 24, 2017, pp. 1, A11.
  5. ^ a b Smyrl, Vivian Elizabeth. "Kendall County". Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved 27 November 2010. 
  6. ^ "Cascade Caverns". Cascade Caverns. Retrieved 27 November 2010. 
  7. ^ Brister, Louis E. "Adelsverein". Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved 27 November 2010. 
  8. ^ Ramos, Mary G. "German Settlements of Texas". Texas Almanac. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved 27 November 2010. 
  9. ^ "Indianola, Texas". Blueprints For Travel, LLC. Retrieved 27 November 2010. 
  10. ^ Block, W T. "The Story of our Texas' German Pilgrims". Blueprints For Travel, LLC. Retrieved 27 November 2010. 
  11. ^ Smith, Cornelia Marshall; Tetzlaff, Otto W. "Meusebach, John O". Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved 27 November 2010. 
  12. ^ "Comanche Indian Treaty". William Nienke, Sam Morrow. Archived from the original on 18 July 2011. Retrieved 27 November 2010. 
  13. ^ Lich, Glen E. "Sisterdale, Texas". Handbpok of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved 27 November 2010. 
  14. ^ Ludwig Boerne at Find a Grave
  15. ^ Elisha Marshall Pease at Find a Grave
  16. ^ Biesele, R. L. (April 1930). "The Texas State Convention of Germans in 1854". Southwestern Historical Quarterly. Denton, TX: Texas State Historical Association. 33 (4): 247–261. [permanent dead link]
  17. ^ Lich, Glen E. "Comfort, Texas". Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved 27 November 2010. 
  18. ^ Thonhoff, Robert H. "Boerne Village Band". Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved 27 November 2010. 
  19. ^ Moneyhon, Charles H. "The Union League". Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved 27 November 2010. 
  20. ^ Shook, Robert W. "Duff, James". Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved 21 November 2010. 
  21. ^ "Spring Creek Cemetery". Texas Gen Web. Retrieved 13 November 2010. 
  22. ^ Tegener, Gus at Find a Grave
  23. ^ "Samuel Boyd Patton". 
  24. ^ "Treue der Union Monument". Blueprints For Travel, LLC. Retrieved 27 November 2010. 
  25. ^ "List of Dead-Treue Der Union Monument". Texas Gen Web. Retrieved 27 November 2010. 
  26. ^ "Kendall County Courthouse". Texas Escapes. Texas Escapes - Blueprints For Travel, LLC. Retrieved 27 November 2010. 
  27. ^ "Bergheim". Texas Escapes. Texas Escapes - Blueprints For Travel, LLC. Retrieved 27 November 2010. 
  28. ^ "Sisterdale". Texas Escapes. Texas Escapes - Blueprints For Travel, LLC. Retrieved 27 November 2010. 
  29. ^ "Boerne History". Boerne Convention and Visitors Bureau. Retrieved 27 November 2010. 
  30. ^ Boerne Convention and Visitors Bureau Archived 2009-06-25 at the Wayback Machine.
  31. ^ "San Antonio and Aransas Pass Railway". Archived from the original on 12 September 2006. Retrieved 27 November 2010. 
  32. ^ John O Meusebach at Find a Grave
  33. ^ a b "Kendall County Fair Association, Inc". Archived from the original on 5 July 2012. Retrieved 12 June 2012. 
  34. ^ "Hygieostatic Bat Roost - Comfort, Kendall County, Texas". William Nienke, Sam Morrow. Archived from the original on 18 July 2011. Retrieved 27 November 2010. 
  35. ^ Charles A R Campbell at Find a Grave
  36. ^ "Guadalupe River State Park". Texas Parks and Wildlife Department. Retrieved 27 November 2010. 
  37. ^ "History Boerne Village Band". Tx Gen Web. Retrieved 27 November 2010. 
  38. ^ "Cibolo Nature Center". History. Cibolo Nature Center. Retrieved 27 November 2010. 
  39. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved May 2, 2015. 
  40. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  41. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved May 2, 2015. 
  42. ^ "Texas Almanac: Population History of Counties from 1850–2010" (PDF). Texas Almanac. Retrieved May 2, 2015. 
  43. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  44. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS
  45. ^ Bünger, Walter L.; ‘Secession and the Texas German Community: Editor Lindheimer vs. Editor Flake’; The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Vol. 82, No. 4 (Apr., 1979), pp. 379-402
  46. ^ Brister, Louis E. "Count Carl of Castell-Castell". Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved 16 January 2011. 
  47. ^ King (1967) p.122
  48. ^ Heckert-Greene, James B. "Castell, Texas". Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved 20 January 2011. 
  49. ^ Lich, Glen E. "Bettina, Texas". Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved 20 January 2011. 
  50. ^ Lich, Glen E. "The Forty". Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved 20 January 2011. 

External linksEdit