Ke Jie (simplified Chinese: 柯洁; traditional Chinese: 柯潔; pinyin: Kē Jié; born 2 August 1997) is a Chinese professional Go player of 9 dan rank. As of 2 October 2017, he is ranked number one in the world under Chinese Weiqi Association's, Korea Baduk Association's, Japan Go Association's and Rémi Coulom's ranking system and has continuously held the ranking since late 2014.
|Ke Jie |
|Full name||Ke Jie|
|Born||2 August 1997|
|Affiliation||Chinese Weiqi Association|
2008–15: Early Career and Bailing Cup BreakthroughEdit
Ke Jie started to learn how to play Go in 2003 when he was 5 years old and won his first national championship in 2007. He became a professional Go player in 2008 when he was 10 years old and was promoted to 9 dan in 2015. In January 2015, Ke won his first world title when he won the 2nd Bailing Cup, defeating Qiu Jun 3-2 in the finals.
2015–16: Two International Titles and Chinese No.1Edit
In January 2016, Ke won the 2nd Mlily Cup, defeating world renowned Go player Lee Sedol in the fifth round. According to South Korean 9 dan professionals commenting on the final game, the result hinged on a half-point ko and the peculiarities of Chinese scoring rules; however, others have pointed out that this argument is misleading as differences in komi between the Chinese and Japanese scoring systems would have made up the extra point, leading to the same result.
On 11 February 2016, he defeated Lee once more in the finals of the 2016 HeSui Cup. On 5 March 2016, Ke defeated Lee yet again in the finals of the 2016 Nongshim Cup to win the tournament for the Chinese squad, making it China's third consecutive win of the tournament.
2016–17: Two International TitlesEdit
In August 2016, at the 3rd Bailing Cup, Ke defeated Xu Jiayang to advance to the best-of-three semifinal match where he faced Won Seong-jin. In the first game, Won defeated Ke with a comeback victory after Ke had made crucial mistakes when analyzing territory turnover; however, he was able to recover in the second game by playing a very close endgame in which he maintained a territorial lead. In the decisive third game, he continued to make advantageous moves during the middle-game and maintained a comfortable territorial lead. Ke was able to forced a successful ko fight at the top of Won's territory, resulting in the Won's resignation due to a lack of ko threats. Ke then faced Chen Yaoye in the final best-of-five match, which was the third straight Bailing Cup finals to have been contested between Chinese players. The first two games were both won by Chen. In the first game, Chen displayed his tenacity in chasing and eventually leading in territory with very few opportunities for Ke to win in the endgame. The second game was similar to the first, but during the middle game, Ke deviated and began to chase and attack Chen's dragon, forcing Chen to maneuver around the middle of Ke's territory; however, Ke's made a mistake on the 105th move that allowed Chen to retaliate and take the initiative, causing the match to eventually end on move 178.
From 31 October 2016 to 2 November 2016, Ke played against rival Lee Sedol once more during the semifinals of the 21st Samsung Cup. In the first game of the best-of-three match, Ke was reported to have won a very complete game in which Lee had very opportunities in the endgame; however, going into the second game with no breaks, Ke was not able to maintain his advantage with the white stones and Lee produced one of his trademark comeback victories. The game began very evenly until Ke acquired positional advantage, and a huge lead in territory, but Ke made several mistakes when fighting Lee's dragon in the center of the board. Lee responded accurately and reversed the game, saving his stones and gaining a lead in territory. Lee closed out the second game with a stunning comeback victory. With black winning both games by resignation, the third game had both players coin-toss for the choice of stones. Ke had the white stones in the third game and was able to secure all four corners to gain a territorial lead from the beginning. The remainder of the game displayed his ability to invade and scrape away Lee's territorial potential. As Lee began to find it difficult to gain any territorial advantage, he pressed on the weaknesses of white's territory hoping to reverse the game, but Ke responded accurately and did not allow any opportunities for Lee. Lee resigned the final game, and Ke advanced to the finals of the Samsung Cup for the second year straight. From 6 December 2016 to 8 December 2016, Ke played the finals against compatriot Tuo Jiaxi. After losing the first game with black, Ke won the second game with white to even the match and then won the deciding game with black to successfully defend his Samsung Cup title.
Ke reached the finals of 1st ENN Cup, defeating Ahn Kuk-hyun, Tang Weixing, Ida Atsushi, Lian Xiao and Li Zhe, from November 2016 to May 2017. Ke won the title by defeating Peng Liyao 3-2 in the finals in December 2017.
Matches against AlphaGoEdit
On 4 June 2016, at a news conference during the 37th World Amateur Go Championship, Yang Jun'an, the party chief of the Zhongguo Qiyuan and executive of the International Go Federation, revealed that the Google program AlphaGo would possibly have a match against Ke in the future. However, Google DeepMind CEO Demis Hassabis responded that it had not yet been decided what to do next with AlphaGo.
In early January 2017, Ke Jie played three unofficial online games against "Master", an updated version of AlphaGo, losing all three. Ke stated he still had "one last move" to defeat AlphaGo. Regarding AlphaGo, Ke Jie stated that "One can only learn from its strategic philosophy and not only tactics."
A three-game match was played by Ke Jie against AlphaGo at the Future of Go Summit in Wuzhen from 23 to 27 May 2017. Google DeepMind offered 1.5 million dollars winner prizes for this match while the losing side took 300,000 dollars for participating in the three games. AlphaGo beat Ke Jie in the first game by half a point on 23 May 2017. The official scoring for the first match was 184 out of the 361 possible points in favor of Ke Jie, but the Chinese Go rule requires a Black victory of at least 4 over the 180.5 (i.e. 184.5 is the minimum for a Black victory). Ke Jie resigned in the second game after 156 moves and the third game after 209 moves.
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Ke Jie's style of play is characterized by accurate positional judgment and reading. Ke's reading is both reliable and fast. He regularly uses less time in a game than his opponents. There is no significant weakness in Ke's game. However, he occasionally plays carelessly with a positional advantage without deep reading.
After his defeat to AlphaGo, Ke Jie studied the program's games to find inspiration for new strategies, and adopted a territory-oriented style of play. Ke's opening arsenal is deeply influenced by the new generation of Go programs, namely AlphaGo, FineArt, Zen and CGI. He subsequently went on a 22-game winning streak against human opponents.
|1 dan||2008||Promoted to professional dan rank after placing in professional qualification tournament.|
|2 dan||2010||Promoted for performance in the Chinese professional promotion tournament.|
|3 dan||2011||Promoted for performance in the Chinese professional promotion tournament.|
|4 dan||2012||Promoted for performance in the Chinese professional promotion tournament.|
|5 dan||2015||Skipped due to the Chinese Weiqi Association promotion rules.|
|6 dan||2015||Skipped due to the Chinese Weiqi Association promotion rules.|
|7 dan||2015||Skipped due to the Chinese Weiqi Association promotion rules.|
|8 dan||2015||Skipped due to the Chinese Weiqi Association promotion rules.|
|9 dan||2015||Won the 2nd Bailing Cup against Qiu Jun.|
- 2008: 4 win, 8 loss
- 2009: 5 wins, 5 losses
- 2010: 14 wins, 12 losses
- 2011: 20 wins, 18 losses
- 2012: 41 wins, 25 losses
- 2013: 51 wins, 28 losses
- 2014: 63 wins, 17 losses
- 2015: 74 wins, 18 losses
- 2016: 65 wins, 24 losses
- 2017: 72 wins, 25 losses
- 2018: 49 wins, 30 losses
- 2019: 4 wins, 0 losses
- Total: 462 wins, 210 losses (68.8% winning percentage)
Titles and runners-upEdit
- As of 1 February 2019
|Weifu Fangkai Cup||1 (2015)|
|Liguang Cup||1 (2015)|
|Baiyunshan Cup||1 (2015)||1 (2016)|
|Quzhou-Lanke Cup||2 (2016, 2018)|
|Ahan Tongshan Cup||2 (2014, 2016)||1 (2017)|
|National Games of PRC - Go Tournament||1 (2017)|
|Weiqi Rally Tournament||2 (2017-2018)|
|China-Japan Agon Cup||2 (2014, 2016)|
|China-Japan Ryusei||1 (2018)|
|Mlily Cup||1 (2016)|
|Limin Cup||1 (2017)|
|IMSA Elite Mind Games, Men's blitz||1 (2017)|
|Xin'ao Cup||1 (2017)|
|Samsung Cup||3 (2015-2016, 2018)|
|Bailing Cup||2 (2015, 2019)||1 (2016)|
International competition resultsEdit
|Asian TV Cup||×|
(W) Winner; (RU) Runner-up; (SF) Semifinalist; (QF) Quarterfinalist; (R16) Round of 16; (R32) Round of 32; (R64) Round of 64.
[a]Ke was eliminated in the semi-finals, but the bronze medal match does not finish. Therefore Ke is still competing in the game.
- Note 1：Some competitions last for more than one year. Usually the beginning year of the competition is recorded as the year of competition.
- Note 2：The light green background indicates that the player is still competing in the game.
- Note 3：'×' means the player did not qualify for the game (or lost in the qualification round), while '-' means the competition was not held in that year.
- Note 4：The result of Nongshim Cup means the result of the player (matches won : matches lost). The result '0:0' means the player qualified for his/her national team of Nongshim Cup, and the team won before the player compete in the cup.
- Note 5：Italics means the player did not win a match in the competition (after the qualification round).
- Note 6：Among the international go competitions listed, only Chunlan Cup has a bronze medal match. Therefore, the semifinalists of Chunlan Cup are recorded '3rd' or '4th', while the semifinalists of the other international titles are recorded 'SF'.
Head-to-head record vs selected playersEdit
Players who have won international Go titles in bold.
- Chen Yaoye 14:8
- Shi Yue 12:9
- Tang Weixing 12:7
- Fan Tingyu 11:7
- Park Junghwan 9:9
- Lee Sedol 12:5
- Fan Yunruo 9:5
- Tan Xiao 7:7
- Huang Yunsong 8:3
- Tuo Jiaxi 8:3
- Lian Xiao 7:4
- Qiu Jun 5:6
- Kim Jiseok 4:6
- Xie Erhao 7:3
- Peng Liyao 7:3
- Zhou Ruiyang 8:1
- Shin Jinseo 6:3
- Jiang Weijie 4:5
- Gu Li 8:0
- Mi Yuting 6:2
- Li Qincheng 5:3
- Lee Donghoon 5:3
- Liao Xingwen 6:1
- Hu Yaoyu 6:0
- 中国围棋等级分. 中国围棋网 (in Chinese). Retrieved 18 June 2017.
- 韩版围棋世界排名：与欧洲版差别大 连笑进前三 (in Chinese).
- 世界棋士レーティング（囲碁） (in Japanese).
- "World's Go Player Ratings". July 2016.
- 柯洁迎19岁生日 雄踞人类世界排名第一已两年 (in Chinese). May 2017.
- 棋士柯洁 (in Chinese). Ke Jie. Retrieved 17 August 2016.
- "Ke Jie wins his first world title at the 2nd Bailing Cup".
- "Ke Jie and Shi Yue proceed to the final of the 2015 Samsung Cup".
- "Ke Jie defeats Lee Sedol to win the 2nd MLily Cup".
- 囲碁の基本：対局のルール・流れ 終局 (in Japanese). 日本棋院. Retrieved 18 March 2016.
- 囲碁の基本：対局のルール・流れ 終局：例2 (in Japanese). 日本棋院. Retrieved 18 March 2016.
- "Lee Sedol 9p vs Ke Jie 9p, Myungwan Kim 9p reviews - HeSui Cup Finals". American Go Association's YouTube Channel. Retrieved 17 August 2016.
- "Lee Sedol 9p vs Ke Jie 9p, Nongshim Cup #14, 3/4 at 11pm PST (7am GMT on 3/3)". American Go Association's YouTube Channel. Retrieved 17 August 2016.
- http://www.qipai.org.cn/news-45716.html. Retrieved 4 July 2017. Missing or empty
- http://www.qipai.org.cn/news-43644.html. Retrieved 4 July 2017. Missing or empty
- "Ke Jie and Lee Sedol face off in the semi-final of the 2016 Samsung Cup".
- "Ke Jie defeats Lee Sedol to reach the final of the 2016 Samsung Cup".
- "Samsung Cup Tournament Results".
- Nihon Ki-in. 第1回 新奥杯世界囲碁オープン戦. nihonkiin.or.jp (in Japanese). Retrieved 4 July 2017.
- 新奥杯决赛柯洁3-2胜彭立尧 夺第五冠获220万奖金 - 中国棋牌网. www.qipai.org.cn. Retrieved 2017-12-26.
- "Top Go player likely to compete with AlphaGo within this year". China Daily. 6 June 2016. Retrieved 6 June 2016.
- Demis Hassabis (6 June 2016). "Hassabis's message". Demis Hassabis's Twitter account. Retrieved 6 June 2016..
- "The world's best Go player says he still has "one last move" to defeat Google's AlphaGo AI". Quartz. 4 January 2017. Retrieved 6 January 2017.
- "World No.1 Go player Ke Jie takes on upgraded AlphaGo in May". 2017-04-10.
- "Ke Jie vs. AlphaGo: 8 things you must know". 2017-05-27.
- "8 things you should know about the AlphaGo vs. Ke Jie match". 2017-05-27.
- 柯洁的棋风和特点是怎样的？. daily.zhihu.com (in Chinese). Retrieved 2017-12-26.
- "The latest AI can work things out without being taught". The Economist. 2017-10-21.
- 2010年段位赛升段完全汇总. Sina Sports (in Chinese).
- 柯洁 统计数据. 弘通围棋网. Retrieved 1 November 2018.
- Photos of Ke with Sedol, and Ke alone, at gogameguru.com