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Kazakh Ground Forces

  (Redirected from Kazakh Army)

The Kazakh Ground Forces are the army service branch of the Armed Forces of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

Kazakh Ground Forces
Қазақстан Республикасы Қарулы Күштерінің Құрлық
Qazaqstan Respýblıkasy Qarýly Kúshteriniń Qurlyq
Сухопутных войск Республики Казахстан
Құрлық әскерлері.png
Shoulder Patch of the Kazakh Ground Forces
Active9 April 1993 - present
Country Kazakhstan
BranchCoat of arms military-of-kazakhstan.svg Armed Forces of Kazakhstan
TypeGround Force
Size20,000
Part ofFlag of Minister of National Defense of Kazakhstan.svg Ministry of Defense of Kazakhstan
HeadquartersNur-Sultan
Nickname(s)Kazakh Army
Anniversaries7 May
EngagementsTajikistani Civil War
Iraq War
Commanders
Supreme Commander-in-chiefKassym-Jomart Tokayev
Chief of the General StaffMurat Bektanov
Commander of the Ground ForcesMarat Khusainov[1]

HistoryEdit

The Kazakh Army was founded on April 9, 1993 by the order of Defense Minister Sagadat Nurmagambetov. It followed the enacting of the law, "On Defense and Armed Forces of the Republic of Kazakhstan", which is the legal basis for the Kazakh military structures.[2].

The Kazakh Army was made up of the Soviet 32nd Army, which had been serving in the KSSR (Kazakh Soviet Socialist Republic) for many years before it came under Kazakh government control in May 1992.[3]

TasksEdit

The main tasks of the Ground Forces include:

  • Maintaining the readiness of troops to repel aggression.
  • Armed defense of the territorial integrity and sovereignty of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
  • Protection and defense of state and military facilities.
  • Defense of the state border by land and air.
  • Peacekeeping missions.

StructureEdit

Regional CommandsEdit

 
Regional Commands of Kazakhstan

Currently, the ground forces include four regional commands:[4]

  • Regional Command "Astana" (HQ Karaganda)
  • Regional Command "East" (HQ Semey)
  • Regional Command "West" (HQ Atyrau)
  • Regional Command "South" (HQ Taraz)

These commands were all established in 2003. [5]

Military InstituteEdit

 
Cadets of the military institute on Red Square during a 2015 Victory Day parade in Moscow

The Military Institute of the Kazakh Ground Forces (Kazakh: Qurlyq áskerleriniń áskerı ınstıtýty / Құрлық әскерлерінің әскери институты) is the main educational institute of the Ground Forces, and one of the leading Kazakh military academies. It has many notable alumni, including Lieutenant General Murat Maikeyev, Colonel General Saken Zhasuzakov and Major General Abibilla Kudayberdiev.[citation needed]

EquipmentEdit

Name Origin Type In service Notes
Armored fighting vehicle
T-72KZ Shigiz   Russia,   Kazakhstan Main battle tank 650[6]
GAZ Tigr   Russia Infantry mobility vehicle 21[7]
BMPT-72 Terminator   Soviet Union Tank Destroyer 10[7]
BTR-80   Soviet Union Amphibious APC 110[7] 44 are the 82A variant
BTR-3   Ukraine APC 2[8]
BPM-97   Russia APC 18[7]
Otokar Cobra   Turkey APC 17+[7] Manufactured locally with license[9]
Arlan   South Africa,   Kazakhstan APC 90[7] Ordered by the Kazakh military in 2013 as a result of an agreement between Kazakhstan Engineering and Paramount Group[10]
Humvee   USA Armored car 40[7]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ https://www.nur.kz/amp/1792611-tokaev-naznacil-glavnokomanduusego-suhoputnymi-vojskami.html
  2. ^ "Shield of the State · Publications · "Kazakhstan History" portal". e-history.kz.
  3. ^ ir.kz. "Сухопутные войска". www.mod.gov.kz.
  4. ^ Most specific unit information, including military unit numbers, locations, etc. is sourced from Vad777, Kazakh Ground Forces Archived March 24, 2012, at the Wayback Machine, accessed February 2010
  5. ^ "Вооруженные силы РК - Структура - Министерство обороны Республики Казахстан (МО РК)". www.mod.gov.kz.
  6. ^ International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS) (9 February 2016). "The Military Balance 2016". Routledge: 185–186. doi:10.1080/04597222.2016.1127558. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  7. ^ a b c d e f g Trade Registers. Armstrade.sipri.org. Retrieved on 2017-12-18.
  8. ^ Cite error: The named reference Meat Scepter was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  9. ^ Kazakhstan Signs Contract With Turkish Company Otokar To Produce Locally Cobra
  10. ^ "Paramount opens vehicle factory in Kazakhstan". defenceWeb. 1 December 2015.