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Kaohsiung Main Station

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Kaohsiung Main Station (Chinese: 高雄車站; pinyin: Gāoxióng chēzhàn) is a railway and metro station in Sanmin District, Kaohsiung, Taiwan served by the Taiwan Railways Administration and Kaohsiung Rapid Transit. With 10.7 million passengers in 2017, it is one of the busiest TRA station. It is currently undergoing reconstruction, scheduled to be complete in 2023.

Kaohsiung

高雄
Taiwan Railways Administration
TRA railway station
Kaohsiung Station new entrance.jpg
Entrance
Chinese name
Traditional Chinese高雄
General information
Location318 Jianguo 2nd Rd
Sanmin District, Kaohsiung[1]
Taiwan
Coordinates22°38′23″N 120°18′08″E / 22.6396°N 120.3021°E / 22.6396; 120.3021Coordinates: 22°38′23″N 120°18′08″E / 22.6396°N 120.3021°E / 22.6396; 120.3021[1]
Line(s)
Distance399.8 km to Keelung via Taichung[2]
Connections
Construction
Structure typeUnderground
Other information
Station code
  • 185 (three-digit)[1]
  • 1238 (four-digit)[1]
  • A92 (statistical)[4]
ClassificationSpecial class (Chinese: 特等)[3]
Websitewww.railway.gov.tw/kaohsiung/ (in Chinese)
History
Opened1941-06-22
Rebuilt2018-10-14
Electrified1979-06-29[5]
Previous names
Key dates
1900-11-29Predecessor station opened[6][7]
2002-03-27Rebuilt
Traffic
Passengers (2017)14.196 million per year[4]Decrease 2.19%
Rank8 out of 228
Services
Preceding station Taiwan Railways Administration Taiwan Railways Following station
Sankuaicuo
towards Keelung
West Coast line Terminus
Terminus Pingtung line Minzu
towards Fangliao
Location
Kaohsiung is located in Taiwan
Kaohsiung
Kaohsiung
Location within Taiwan
Kaohsiung Main Station

高雄車站
Kaohsiung Mass Rapid Transit
Kaohsiung metro station
Kaohsiung main station MRT platform 2018.jpg
Platform
Chinese name
Traditional Chinese高雄車站
General information
LocationB3F 320 Jianguo 2nd Rd
Sanmin District, Kaohsiung
Taiwan
Line(s)
Platforms1 island platform
Tracks2
Construction
Structure typeUnderground
Other information
Station codeR11
Websitewww.krtco.com.tw/en/guide_r11.aspx
History
Opened2008-04-07[8]
Rebuilt2018-09-05
Traffic
Passengers (2017)10.772 million per year[9]
Rank2 out of 37
Services
Preceding station Kaohsiung Mass Rapid Transit Logo(Logo Only).svg Kaohsiung Rapid Transit Following station
Houyi Red line Formosa Boulevard
towards Siaogang

HistoryEdit

The main railway station serving Kaohsiung, formerly known as Takau (Chinese: 打狗) and Takao (高雄), was located at Hamasen. It opened in 1900 and served trains to Tainan. The Fengshan (then Hōzan (Japanese: 鳳山)) line opened in 1907. The station at the current site was built between 1933 and 1941. Towards the end of the century, it was decided that the railway was to be moved underground within Kaohsiung. A temporary station building was used between 2002 and 2018, when the underground station was partially opened. A temporary metro station was also used between 2008 and 2018. Construction on the remaining segments of the project is scheduled to be complete in 2023.

TRA railwayEdit

 
Takao Station platform in April 1941.

The TRA portion is a three-level underground railway station with two island platforms.[10][11] The 1941 station building is planned to be moved back to the original position for display.

There is also proposal to extend THSR to the current station.

MetroEdit

The rapid transit station is a two-level, underground station with one entrance.[12] It is located at Jianguo 2nd Road. On 5 September 2018, it was relocated 100 metres north, making it the first metro station in Taiwan to be relocated. The new platforms are lengthened to allow for six carriages up from three. The former concourse and platforms are closed and reserved for emergency use.

LayoutEdit

1F Street Level Entrance
B1 Lobby TRA ticket offices, fare gates, toilets, police bureau, metro entrance
B2 Shopping mall Shopping mall (future)
Platform 1A West Coast, South-link and East Coast lines towards Pingtung, Chaozhou, Taitung, Hualien
Island platform
Platform 1B West Coast, South-link and East Coast lines towards Pingtung, Chaozhou, Taitung, Hualien
Platform 2A West Coast, North-link and East Coast lines towards Tainan, Taichung, Taipei, Hualien
Island platform
Platform 2B West Coast, North-link and East Coast lines towards Tainan, Taichung, Taipei, Hualien
B3 Concourse Metro lobby, information desk, ticket machines, fare gates, toilets
B4 Platform 1      Red line towards Siaogang (Formosa Boulevard)
Island platform, doors will open on the left
Platform 2      Red line towards Gangshan South (Houyi)

TRA platformsEdit

1 1A Pingtung line (southbound) Towards Fengshan, Jiuqutang
2 1B Pingtung line (southbound) Towards Pingtung, Chaozhou, Fangliao
3 2A West Coast line (northbound) Towards Xinzuoying, Tainan, Chiayi
4 2B West Coast line (northbound) Towards Zuoying–Jiucheng, Nanzi, Gangshan

KMRT StationEdit

 
Old railway map of Kaohsiung
 
Former metro entrance
 
Former concourse
Taiwan Railway Administration (TRA)
Western line
Pingtung Line
Kaohsiung Mass Rapid Transit
Red Line

Around the stationEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d "車站基本資料集". Taiwan Railways Administration. Retrieved 3 November 2018.
  2. ^ 各站營業里程-1.西部幹線. Taiwan Railways Administration (in Chinese). 11 December 2008. Retrieved 29 August 2018.
  3. ^ 車站數-按等級別分 (PDF). Taiwan Railways Administration (in Chinese). Retrieved 30 October 2018.
  4. ^ a b 臺鐵統計資訊. Taiwan Railways Administration (in Chinese). 2002. Retrieved 1 September 2018.
  5. ^ 臺灣鐵路電訊. Taiwan Railways Administration (in Chinese). Retrieved 4 September 2018.
  6. ^ 高雄港站前世今生. Taiwan Railways Administration (in Chinese). 11 December 2008. Retrieved 4 September 2018.
  7. ^ 車站簡介. Taiwan Railways Administration (in Chinese). 11 December 2008. Retrieved 1 September 2018.
  8. ^ 捷運計畫 - 紅橘線路網 - 興建暨施工期程. Mass Rapid Transit Bureau, Kaohsiung City (in Chinese). Retrieved 29 August 2018.
  9. ^ 統計資料預告發布及背景說明. Accounting and Statistics Office, Kaohsiung City (in Chinese). Retrieved 29 August 2018.
  10. ^ 交通部鐵路改建工程局-歡迎頁. www.rrb.gov.tw (in Chinese). 25 April 2008. Retrieved 14 February 2017.
  11. ^ 高雄市政府捷運工程局網頁. mtbu.kcg.gov.tw (in Chinese). 8 August 2016. Retrieved 14 February 2017.
  12. ^ "高雄車站". 高雄捷運公司. Archived from the original on 2010-07-04. Retrieved 2010-07-06.

External linksEdit