Kanchipuram district

Kancheepuram district is one of the 38 districts (in the northeast) of the state of Tamil Nadu in India. The area comprising the present day Kancheepuram district was earlier a part of Chingleput district. The original Chingleput district was split in 1997 into form the present day Kancheepuram and Tiruvallur districts.[1]

Kancheepuram District
Waters of Chembarambakkam Lake Chennai limit
Waters of Chembarambakkam Lake Chennai limit
Location in Tamil Nadu, India
Location in Tamil Nadu, India
Coordinates: 12°49′N 79°43′E / 12.82°N 79.71°E / 12.82; 79.71Coordinates: 12°49′N 79°43′E / 12.82°N 79.71°E / 12.82; 79.71
CountryIndia India
StateTamilNadu Logo.svg Tamil Nadu
Established1 July 1997
Founded byM. Karunanidhi
HeadquartersKancheepuram
TaluksKancheepuram, Sriperumbudur, Uthiramerur, Walajabad, Kundrathur
Government
 • District CollectorMageswari Ravikumar I.A.S
Area
 • Total1,448 km2 (559 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total1,441,829
 • Density1,000/km2 (2,600/sq mi)
Languages
 • OfficialTamil
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
631 501
Telephone code044
ISO 3166 code?
Vehicle registrationTN-21, TN-87
Coastline87.2 kilometres (54.2 mi)
Largest MetroKanchipuram
Sex ratioM-50.6%/F-49.4% /
Literacy75.34%
Legislature typeelected
Legislature Strength3
Lok Sabha constituencyKancheepuram (SC), Sriperumbudur
Precipitation1,213 millimetres (47.8 in)
Avg. summer temperature36.6 °C (97.9 °F)
Avg. winter temperature19.8 °C (67.6 °F)
Websitekancheepuram.nic.in

On 18 July 2019, Chengalpattu district was carved out of Kanchipuram district, with suburbs from Chengalpet towards Chennai under the district headquarters in Chengalpet. The separation came into effect from 29 November which was done by Chief Minister Mr. Edappadi K Palaniswami.[2]

GeographyEdit

Kancheepuram district is situated on the North Eastern part of Tamil Nadu. It is bounded by Chengalpattu district in the East, Chennai district in the northeast, Ranipet and Tiruvannamalai districts in the west and Thiruvallur district in the north. It lies between 11° 00' to 12° 00' latitudes and 77° 28' to 78° 50' longitudes. The district has a total geographical area of 4,43,210 hectares.

The table below shows the maximum and minimum temperatures experienced in the district during different seasons.

Summer Winter
Max. 38.5 °C (101.3 °F) 27.7 °C (81.9 °F)
Min. 29.1 °C (84.4 °F) 19.0 °C (66.2 °F)

The pre-monsoon rainfall is almost uniform throughout the district. The coastal regions receive more rainfall than the interior ones. The district is mainly dependent on the monsoon rains. Failure of monsoon leads to distress condition. Northeast and Southwest monsoon are the major donors, with 54% and 36% contribution each to the total annual rainfall. During normal monsoon, the district receives a rainfall of 1200 mm.

The Palar river is the most important river running through the district. Through most of the year it remains dry, attributed to the construction of dams across the river in Andhra Pradesh. There are only a few hills of considerable elevation in the district. The southern part of Maduranthakam taluk contains small hills. The total forest area in the district is 23,586 hectares.

ClimateEdit

Climate data for Chennai, India (Nungambakkam) 1981–2010, extremes 1901–2012
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 34.4
(93.9)
36.7
(98.1)
40.6
(105.1)
42.8
(109.0)
45.0
(113.0)
43.3
(109.9)
41.1
(106.0)
40.0
(104.0)
38.9
(102.0)
39.4
(102.9)
35.4
(95.7)
33.0
(91.4)
45.0
(113.0)
Average high °C (°F) 29.3
(84.7)
30.9
(87.6)
32.9
(91.2)
34.5
(94.1)
37.1
(98.8)
37.0
(98.6)
35.3
(95.5)
34.7
(94.5)
34.2
(93.6)
32.1
(89.8)
29.9
(85.8)
28.9
(84.0)
33.1
(91.6)
Daily mean °C (°F) 25.2
(77.4)
26.6
(79.9)
28.7
(83.7)
30.9
(87.6)
32.9
(91.2)
32.4
(90.3)
30.9
(87.6)
30.3
(86.5)
29.8
(85.6)
28.4
(83.1)
26.5
(79.7)
25.3
(77.5)
29.0
(84.2)
Average low °C (°F) 21.2
(70.2)
22.2
(72.0)
24.2
(75.6)
26.6
(79.9)
28.0
(82.4)
27.5
(81.5)
26.4
(79.5)
25.9
(78.6)
25.6
(78.1)
24.6
(76.3)
23.1
(73.6)
21.9
(71.4)
24.8
(76.6)
Record low °C (°F) 13.9
(57.0)
15.0
(59.0)
16.7
(62.1)
20.0
(68.0)
21.1
(70.0)
20.6
(69.1)
21.0
(69.8)
20.5
(68.9)
20.6
(69.1)
16.7
(62.1)
15.0
(59.0)
13.9
(57.0)
13.9
(57.0)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 25.9
(1.02)
3.4
(0.13)
3.5
(0.14)
14.4
(0.57)
34.2
(1.35)
55.8
(2.20)
103.8
(4.09)
126.8
(4.99)
147.7
(5.81)
315.6
(12.43)
399.9
(15.74)
177.4
(6.98)
1,382.9
(54.44)
Average rainy days 1.4 0.8 0.3 0.8 1.8 4.0 6.5 7.7 7.3 10.9 11.5 5.8 58.8
Average relative humidity (%) (at 17:30 IST) 67 66 67 70 68 63 65 66 71 76 76 71 69
Mean monthly sunshine hours 232.5 240.1 291.4 294.0 300.7 234.0 142.6 189.1 195.0 257.3 261.0 210.8 2,848.5
Mean daily sunshine hours 7.5 8.5 9.4 9.8 9.7 7.8 4.6 6.1 6.5 8.3 8.7 6.8 7.8
Source 1: India Meteorological Department (sun 1971–2000)[3][4][5][6]
Source 2: Japan Meteorological Agency[7]


Administration structureEdit

The district has various levels of local bodies for administration purposes.[8]

Revenue divisions and taluksEdit

Kancheepuram District consists of two revenue divisions and five taluks:[9]

DemographicsEdit

According to 2011 census, Kancheepuram district had a population of 3,998,252 with a sex-ratio of 986 females for every 1,000 males, much above the national average of 929.[10] A total of 431,574 were under the age of six, constituting 220,341 males and 211,233 females. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes accounted for 23.71% and 1.03% of the population respectively. The average literacy of the district was 75.37%, compared to the national average of 72.99%.[10] The district had a total of 1,006,245 households. There were a total of 1,673,814 workers, comprising 74,761 cultivators, 162,494 main agricultural labourers, 41,149 in house hold industries, 1,088,974 other workers, 306,436 marginal workers, 14,582 marginal cultivators, 110,020 marginal agricultural labourers, 13,583 marginal workers in household industries and 168,251 other marginal workers.[11]

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901708,782—    
1911759,794+0.70%
1921798,408+0.50%
1931871,546+0.88%
1941956,996+0.94%
19511,030,559+0.74%
19611,167,491+1.26%
19711,499,744+2.54%
19811,898,021+2.38%
19912,415,010+2.44%
20012,877,468+1.77%
20113,998,252+3.34%
source:[12]

EconomyEdit

 
Hyundai's manufacturing plant at Irungattukottai, near Sriperumbudur

Agriculture is the main occupation of the people with 47% of the population engaged in it. Paddy is the major crop cultivated in this district. Groundnuts, sugarcane, cereals, millet and pulses are the other major crops cultivated. 76.50 metric tonnes lands[clarification needed] are cultivated in fuel wood and 8.039 tonnes in cashew. Palar river along with tanks and wells are the main sources of irrigation in this district.[citation needed]

More than 70 percent of the 163 notified areas (megalithic sites) in the state of Tamil Nadu are in Kancheepuram district, including those at Erumaiyur, Nandampakkam, Sirukalathur, Sikarayapuram, Ayyancheri, Kilambakkam and Nanmangalam.[13]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "History". Kancheepuram District. Retrieved 12 July 2020.
  2. ^ "Palaniswami inaugurates Chengalpattu district". The Hindu. 30 November 2019.
  3. ^ "Station: Chennai (Nungambakkam) Climatological Table 1981–2010" (PDF). Climatological Normals 1981–2010. India Meteorological Department. January 2015. pp. 185–186. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 February 2020. Retrieved 2 March 2020.
  4. ^ "Extremes of Temperature & Rainfall for Indian Stations (Up to 2012)" (PDF). India Meteorological Department. December 2016. p. M192. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 February 2020. Retrieved 2 March 2020.
  5. ^ "Table 3 Monthly mean duration of Sun Shine (hours) at different locations in India" (PDF). Daily Normals of Global & Diffuse Radiation (1971–2000). India Meteorological Department. December 2016. p. M-3. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 February 2020. Retrieved 2 March 2020.
  6. ^ "Chennai Climatological Table 1981–2010". India Meteorological Department. Retrieved 2 March 2020.
  7. ^ "Normals Data". Japan Meteorological Agency. Retrieved 11 May 2020.
  8. ^ "Local Body Ward Delimitation -2020 | Kancheepuram District,Government of Tamilnadu | City of Thousand Temples | India".
  9. ^ "Tamil Nadu Government Portal". www.tn.gov.in. Retrieved 7 May 2020.
  10. ^ a b "Census Info 2011 Final population totals". Office of The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2013. Retrieved 26 January 2014.
  11. ^ "Census Info 2011 Final population totals - Kancheepuram district". Office of The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2013. Retrieved 26 January 2014.
  12. ^ Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901
  13. ^ Madhavan, D. (20 December 2012). "National Institute of Siddha modifies expansion plan". The Hindu. Chennai. Retrieved 23 December 2012.

External linksEdit