Rangpuri, Kamtapuri or Rajbangshi is a Bengali-Assamese language spoken by the Rajbongshi people in India and Bangladesh, and Rajbanshi and Tajpuria in Nepal. Many are bilingual in either Bengali or Assamese.
|Native to||Bangladesh, India, Nepal|
|15 million (2007)|
Official language in
|India (West Bengal)|
Rangpuri goes by numerous names. In Bangladesh, these include Rangpuri, Bahe Bangla, Ancholit Bangla, Kamta, Polia. In India, there is Kamtapuri, Dutta, Rajbangsi, Rajbansi, Rajbanshi, Rajbongshi, Goalparia, surjapuri, Koch Rajbanshi. Another name of the language is Tajpuri. In Assam it is known as Kochrajbongshi and Goalpariya (which is also known as Deshi bhasha and Uzani). In Bihar it is known as Surjapuri.
The main dialects are Western Rajbanshi, Central Rajbanshi, and Eastern Rajbanshi.
The Central dialect has the majority of speakers and is quite uniform. There are publications in this language. The Western dialect has more diversity. Lexical similarity is 77 to 89% between the three dialects. Rajbonshi shares 48 to 55% of its vocabulary with Assamese and Bengali and 43 to 49% with Maithili and Nepali.
Comparison with Kamtapuri, Bengali, Assamese and Sylheti languageEdit
|I do||Muĩ kôrông||Môe kôrû||Ami kôri||Mui/Ami xori|
|I am doing||Muĩ koria asông||Môe kôri asû||Ami kôrchi||Mui/Ami xoriar/xorram|
|I did||Muĩ korisông||Môe korisû||Ami kôrechi||Mui/Ami xor(i)si|
|I did (perfective)||Muĩ korilung||Môe korilû||Ami kôrlam||Mui/Ami xorlam|
|I did (distant)||Muĩ korisilung||Môe korisilû||Ami kôrêchilam||Mui/Ami xorsilam|
|I was doing||Muĩ koria asilung||Môe kori asilû||Ami kôrchilam||Mui/Ami xorat aslam|
|I will do||Muĩ korim||Môe korim||Ami kôrbo||Mui/Ami xormu|
|I will be doing||Muĩ koria thakim||Môe kori thakim||Ami kôrtê thakbo||Mui/Ami xorat táxmu|
- Hammarström (2015) Ethnologue 16/17/18th editions: a comprehensive review: online appendices
- Kamta/Rangpuri at Ethnologue (21st ed., 2018)
Rajbanshi at Ethnologue (21st ed., 2018)
Kayort at Ethnologue (21st ed., 2018)
- PTI (28 February 2018). "Kamtapuri, Rajbanshi make it to list of official languages in". India Today. Retrieved 8 May 2019.
- Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Rangpuri". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
- Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Rajbanshi". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
- Toulmin, Mathew W S (2006). Reconstructing linguistic history in a dialect continuum: The Kamta, Rajbanshi, and Northern Deshi Bangla subgroup of Indo-Aryan (Ph.D.). The Australian National University.