Kalilangan

Kalilangan, officially the Municipality of Kalilangan (Bukid and Higaonon: Banuwa ta Kalilangan; Cebuano: Lungsod sa Kalilangan; Tagalog: Bayan ng Kalilangan), is a 2nd class municipality in the province of Bukidnon, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 41,601 people. [3]

Kalilangan
Municipality of Kalilangan
Flag of Kalilangan
Flag
Official seal of Kalilangan
Seal
Nickname(s): 
Gateway to Lanao, Gateway to Bangsamoro
Map of Bukidnon with Kalilangan highlighted
Map of Bukidnon with Kalilangan highlighted
OpenStreetMap
Kalilangan is located in Philippines
Kalilangan
Kalilangan
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 7°45′N 124°45′E / 7.75°N 124.75°E / 7.75; 124.75Coordinates: 7°45′N 124°45′E / 7.75°N 124.75°E / 7.75; 124.75
CountryPhilippines
RegionNorthern Mindanao (Region X)
ProvinceBukidnon
District4th District
FoundedJanuary 1, 1968
Barangays14 (see Barangays)
Government
[1]
 • TypeSangguniang Bayan
 • MayorOmaradji C. Pizarro
 • Vice MayorRaymon Charl O. Gamboa
 • RepresentativeRogelio Neil P. Roque
 • Electorate25,140 voters (2019)
Area
[2]
 • Total251.43 km2 (97.08 sq mi)
Elevation
593 m (1,946 ft)
Population
 (2015 census) [3]
 • Total41,601
 • Density170/km2 (430/sq mi)
 • Households
8,733
Economy
 • Income class2nd municipal income class
 • Poverty incidence52.14% (2015)[4]
 • Revenue₱123,055,439.57 (2016)
Time zoneUTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code
8718
PSGC
IDD:area code+63 (0)88
Climate typetropical rainforest climate
Native languagesBinukid
Cebuano
Ata Manobo
Iranun
Tagalog
Websitewww.kalilangan.gov.ph

EtymologyEdit

The term kalilangan came from a Maranao native tongue which means "extreme happiness". It used to be a barrio of Pangantucan, Bukidnon. Due to tremendous influx of settlers coming from the different parts of the country, it becomes an independent municipality.

HistoryEdit

In 1951 Kalilangan become one of the settlement areas under the LASEDECO (Land Settlement and Development Corporation). Christian settlers came and settled in this place. When LASEDECO was dissolved, it was replaced immediately by National Resettlement Rehabilitation Administration (NARRA) during the time of then President Ramon Magsaysay. Another batch of settlers came composed of different tribes and other ethnic groups in the country. They were Cebuanos, Waray, Boholanos, Bicolanos, Tagalogs, Ivatans, Ilonggos, Ilocanos, Capangpangan and other tribes in the island of Mindanao. Settlers were given aid by the government particularly working animals, subsistence, farm tools and others. As years rolled on land cultivation progressed and the settlers started planting different kinds of crops. Roads were opened and commerce flowed freely to the new barrio of Kalilangan. Other settlers also started engaging in business

In view of the fact that Kalilangan was considered as one of the most progressive barrios in the municipality of Pangantucan and by virtue of Republic Act No. 4788 approved on June 18, 1966, a bill was sponsored by ex-Congressman Benjamin N. Tabios, creating Kalilangan into a 6th class municipality and was organized and implemented on January 1, 1968, just after the 1967 elections.

GeographyEdit

The Municipality of Kalilangan is bounded on the north by the Municipality of Talakag, on the east and south by the Municipality of Pangantucan and on the west by the Province of Lanao del Sur. It has a land area of 28,414.10 hectares. The municipalities of Talakag and Pangantucan are claiming some parts of the municipality. Talakag claims 2,427.50 hectares of land in the northern portion of the municipality while Pangantucan is also contesting for 691.0 hectares of Kalilangan’s land area.

TopographyEdit

Kalilangan is characterized by rugged terrain with a limited plain or level area situated on the Poblacion and portion of the municipality. From its total land area, a dominant 76.57 percent are within 8-15 percent slope characterized by moderately undulating and gently rolling land. The barangays of San Vicente Ferrer and Ninoy Aquino are dominantly within this slope type.

Areas with 18 percent slope and above cover 15.61 percent. These are very steepy sloping and rolling land in many directions. The barangays of Macaopao, Lampanusan, portions of Kibaning, Public and Pamotolon are dominantly within the slope type.

The remaining 7.82 percent of the municipality level to nearly level land and gently sloping areas in one general direction within 0-3 percent, 3-5 percent and 5-15 percent slopes. These are common in the Poblacion portion of the municipality.

ClimateEdit

Climate data for Kalilangan, Bukidnon
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 26
(79)
26
(79)
27
(81)
27
(81)
26
(79)
25
(77)
25
(77)
25
(77)
25
(77)
25
(77)
25
(77)
26
(79)
26
(78)
Average low °C (°F) 18
(64)
18
(64)
19
(66)
20
(68)
20
(68)
20
(68)
20
(68)
19
(66)
20
(68)
20
(68)
20
(68)
19
(66)
19
(67)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 174
(6.9)
145
(5.7)
159
(6.3)
192
(7.6)
302
(11.9)
343
(13.5)
297
(11.7)
265
(10.4)
244
(9.6)
293
(11.5)
306
(12.0)
188
(7.4)
2,908
(114.5)
Average rainy days 17.4 14.4 17.4 21.3 27.6 28.0 27.9 26.9 25.0 26.9 26.0 21.1 279.9
Source: Meteoblue [5]

BarangaysEdit

Kalilangan is politically subdivided into 14 barangays.


PSGC Barangay Population ±% p.a.
2015[3] 2010[6]
101307001 Bangbang 3.3% 1,365 1,227 2.05%
101307002 Baborawon 2.7% 1,128 1,033 1.69%
101307003 Canituan 3.1% 1,289 1,354 −0.93%
101307004 Kibaning 2.3% 941 849 1.98%
101307005 Kinura 5.8% 2,398 2,060 2.94%
101307006 Lampanusan 7.6% 3,181 3,120 0.37%
101307007 Maca‑opao 7.2% 2,996 2,897 0.64%
101307008 Malinao 13.8% 5,728 6,038 −1.00%
101307009 Pamotolon (Pamotdon) 3.8% 1,579 1,256 4.45%
101307010 Poblacion 17.5% 7,284 6,874 1.11%
101307012 Public 5.6% 2,338 2,058 2.46%
101307013 Ninoy Aquino 9.4% 3,908 3,279 3.40%
101307014 San Vicente Ferrer 7.2% 3,007 3,535 −3.03%
101307015 West Poblacion 10.7% 4,459 4,267 0.84%
Total 41,601 39,847 0.82%

DemographicsEdit

Population census of Kalilangan
YearPop.±% p.a.
1970 12,325—    
1975 16,893+6.53%
1980 18,316+1.63%
1990 23,923+2.71%
1995 26,973+2.27%
2000 30,592+2.74%
2007 36,557+2.49%
2010 39,847+3.19%
2015 41,601+0.82%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[3][6][7][8]

In the 2015 census, the population of Kalilangan was 41,601 people, [3] with a density of 170 inhabitants per square kilometre or 440 inhabitants per square mile.

Historical growthEdit

It was on 1970 that the Municipality of Kalilangan first attempted to conduct a census in its area of jurisdiction. On that year a total of 12,326 inhabitants have been registered by the Philippine Statistics Authority (NSO). Five years later NSO conducted another Census of Population registering 15,389 inhabitants revealing that for 5 years time 1970-1975 the municipality has reached a population increase of 24.85%. On the next 5 years from 1975-1980 NSO recorded 19.01% of inhabitants as has been added to the population of the municipality, revealing therefore that a population growth rate drop of 5.84% compared to that of 1970-1975 had happened.

After 10 years the next population census had been conducted by NSO registering a population of 23,923 inhabitants on 1990. In comparison with the municipality’s census two decades ago, from 1970–1980 and from 1980-1990 a population increase of 48.58% and 30.62% respectively was observed. In terms of population growth rate (1970-1980 has 4.04% and 1980-1990 2.70%)

Important population data also came up for population trend analysis was the 1990-1995 population census revealing a population increase of 12.75% with a population growth rate of 2.43%

Another population increase was recorded when official result of May 1, 2000 census of population was published. It recorded a total of 30, 592 persons for the municipality with 5,873 households, an average household size of 5 persons and recorded an average of 2.74 birth rate and death rate of 0.24.

The 2007 Census shows an increase in the population to 36,557.

LanguageEdit

Presently Kalilangan was inhabited by about 47 different tribes with different languages on which 36% were Binukid, 24% Cebuano, 20% Maranao, 6% Hiligaynon/Ilonggo, 6% Ivatan/Itbayat and 5% Boholano. Binukid the dominant language in the municipality.

ReligionEdit

In terms of denomination, Kalilangan has about 21 known numbers of religious affiliation on which prevailing dominant group is the Roman Catholic of about 46.9%, followed by Islam which is equivalent to 37.22%. Other group of Baptist of 2.88%, Assembly of God 2.23%, Iglesia ni Cristo of 2.02%, and the remaining 9.25% belongs to the remaining sixteen (16) other denominations.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Municipality of Kalilangan | (DILG)
  2. ^ "Province: Bukidnon". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016.
  3. ^ a b c d e Census of Population (2015). "Region X (Northern Mindanao)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  4. ^ "PSA releases the 2015 Municipal and City Level Poverty Estimates". Quezon City, Philippines. Retrieved 12 October 2019.
  5. ^ "Kalilangan: Average Temperatures and Rainfall". Meteoblue. Retrieved 29 April 2020.
  6. ^ a b Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region X (Northern Mindanao)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
  7. ^ Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region X (Northern Mindanao)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
  8. ^ "Province of Bukidnon". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.

External linksEdit