Kalayat Ancient Bricks Temple Complex

The Kalayat Ancient Brick Temple Complex is a ruined brick temple complex north of Delhi, is located in Kalayat town in Kaithal district of the state of Haryana, India. It comprises the several Hindu temples, including two ancient temples dating from the 8th century.[1] This temple constitutes an important point in the series of 48 kos parikrama of Kurukshetra.[2]

Kalayat Ancient Bricks Temple Complex
Brick Temple Complex, Kalayat, Kaithal, Haryana, India 11.jpg
Religion
AffiliationHinduism
DeityHinduism, Shiva, Katyayini
Location
LocationKalayat
StateHaryana
CountryIndia
Kalayat Ancient Bricks Temple Complex is located in Haryana
Kalayat Ancient Bricks Temple Complex
Location in Haryana
Kalayat Ancient Bricks Temple Complex is located in India
Kalayat Ancient Bricks Temple Complex
Kalayat Ancient Bricks Temple Complex (India)
Geographic coordinates29°40′16″N 76°16′01″E / 29.67111°N 76.26694°E / 29.67111; 76.26694Coordinates: 29°40′16″N 76°16′01″E / 29.67111°N 76.26694°E / 29.67111; 76.26694
Architecture
TypeGurjara Pratihara Style
Completed8th century
Specifications
Temple(s)3
Monument(s)2

HistoryEdit

The name Kalayat appears to be derived from "Kapilayatana", which translates to the "home of sage Kapila". According to local legends, in ancient times, five brick temples were located beside the holy tank. However, only two temples now survive. These temples are built in the Gurjara-Pratihara style, and can be dated to 8th century CE. One of the two surviving temples has undergone heavy modifications.[1]

Temple complexEdit

The temples were built in Nagara style of Gurjara-Pratihara School. The layout of the temples indicates there were originally five temples in the Panchayatan group on the banks of holy Kapilayatna Tirtha (water tank). In the Panchayatan the main shrine was surrounded by four subsidiary shrines, which is contemporaneous to the temples of Khajuraho and Bhubaneshwar. Locally made red bricks were the main source of material for the buildings and sculptures. They were built without using any plaster or mortar. Only two temples survive. One temple is a Shiva temple in the Pancha Rathas style with a Linga statue and snake statue.[3] There are stairs at the back leading to the Kapil Muni Tirtha, where pilgrims take a bath before worship.[4]

The temple complex includes a large Kapil Muni Tirath. The Tirtha pond is named Chyavan Giri Kund after another Vedic sage Chyavana who regained health and youth by consuming Chyawanprash (made by RajVaidhya twin Ashwini Kumar brothers) at his Ashram on Dhosi Hill near Nuh in Mewat district.

There is also a temple of Katyayini devi who was the daughter of Sanskrit grammarian, mathematician and Vedic Sage Kātyāyana. There is also a Hanuman temple and Akhara.

AccessEdit

Kalayat, where the temple complex is located, is connected by road. Rail and air links are available in the nearby major cities such as Chandigarh and Delhi.

Its distance from other major cities is as follows: kaithal 30 km, Jind 52 km, Kurukshetra 77 km, Hisar 90 km, Fatehabad 90 km, Panipat 95 km, Sirsa 133 km, Chandigarh 150 km, Ludhiana 159 km, Delhi 193 km, Dehradun 222 km, Shimla 250 km, Amritsar 287 km, Dharamshala 368 km, Agra 393 km and Khajuraho 820 km.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Ancient Brick Temple". Government of Haryana Tourism Department. Retrieved 22 November 2014.
  2. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 March 2017. Retrieved 16 June 2016.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  3. ^ Kalayat temples
  4. ^ Kalayat in Haryana

External linksEdit