Kaech'ŏn or Kaechon (US: /ˈɡʌn/ GAY-chun,[1] Korean: [kɛtsʰʌn]; Hangul: 개천시, Hanja: 价川市) is a city in South P'yŏngan province, North Korea.

Kaech'ŏn

개천시

Kaechon
Korean transcription(s)
 • Chosŏn'gŭl
 • Hancha
 • McCune-ReischauerKaech'ŏn-si
 • Revised RomanizationGaecheon-si
Map of South Pyongan showing the location of Kaechon
Map of South Pyongan showing the location of Kaechon
Kaech'ŏn is located in North Korea
Kaech'ŏn
Kaech'ŏn
Location within North Korea
Coordinates: 39°41′55″N 125°54′22″E / 39.69861°N 125.90611°E / 39.69861; 125.90611Coordinates: 39°41′55″N 125°54′22″E / 39.69861°N 125.90611°E / 39.69861; 125.90611
CountryNorth Korea
ProvinceSouth P'yŏngan
Administrative divisions26 tong, 11 ri
Area
 • Total738 km2 (285 sq mi)
Population
 (2008)
 • Total319,554
 • Density430/km2 (1,100/sq mi)
 • Dialect
P'yŏngan
Time zoneUTC+9 (Pyongyang Time)

GeographyEdit

The Myohyangsan, Changansan, Ch'ŏnsŏngsan, and Ch'ŏngryongsan mountain ranges come together in Kaech'ŏn. The highest peak is Paekt'apsan. The most important rivers are the Ch'ŏngch'ŏn River and the Taedong River. The area of the city is 61% forested.

Administrative divisionsEdit

Kaech'ŏn-si is divided into 26 tong (neighbourhoods) and 11 ri (villages):

  • Ar'il-dong (알일동)
  • Chajak-tong (자작동)
  • Chŏnjin-dong (전진동)
  • Choyang-dong (조양동)
  • Ch'ŏlligil-dong (천리길동)
  • Inhŭng-dong (인흥동)
  • Kag'am-dong (각암동)
  • Kangch'ŏl-dong (강철동)
  • Kŏnji-dong (건지동)
  • Kun'u-dong (군우동)
  • Kwangbok-tong (광복동)
  • Mukpang-dong (묵방동)
  • Namch'ŏn-dong (남천동)
  • Pongch'ŏn-dong (봉천동)
  • Pug'wŏn-dong (북원동)
  • Ramjŏn-dong (람전동)
  • Ryongam-dong (룡암동)
  • Ryongdae-dong (룡대동)
  • Ryongjin-dong (룡진동)
  • Ryongwŏn-dong (룡원동)
  • Sambong-dong (삼봉동)
  • Samp'o-dong (삼포동)
  • Sinsŏng-dong (신성동)
  • Sŏnam-dong (서남동)
  • Sŭngch'ang-dong (승창동)
  • Yaksu-dong (약수동)
  • Chunhyŏng-ri (준혁리)
  • Ch'ŏngryong-ri (청룡리)
  • Kuŭp-ri (구읍리)
  • Kwangdo-ri (광도리)
  • Oedong-ri (외동리)
  • Oesŏ-ri (외서리)
  • Pobu-ri (보부리)
  • Ryongul-li (룡운리)
  • Taegang-ri (대각리)
  • Tohwa-ri (도화리)
  • Tongrim-ri (동림리)

EconomyEdit

Water resources are abundant, and several reservoirs are located in Kaech'ŏn.

Agriculture has been extensively developed, including livestock and fruit orchards. Machining and metalworking are the dominant industries, mining has also become more prominent.

TransportationEdit

Kaech'ŏn is served by the Korean State Railway's Kaech'ŏn Line and the Manp'o Line trunk lines, as well as the Choyang Colliery Line and Chunhyŏk Line secondary lines.

TourismEdit

Tourist sites in Kaech'ŏn include Songam Cavern, Taeripsa Temple with its 9-level stone pagoda, the fortresses of Changhamsŏng, T'osŏng, and Kosasansŏng, Namsa dolmen, and the group of dolments at Mukpangsan. There are also Yŏnpung Lake, which was constructed in 1956, and Yongwŏn Cavern, which was discovered in 1966 and is preserved as North Korea's Natural Monument No. 43.

The Kaechon Revolutionary Site is associated with Kim Il-sung's 250 Mile Journey for National Liberation. A statue was erected there on the occasion of the Day of the Sun, April 15, in 2001.[2]

Prison campsEdit

There are two large prison camps in Kaech'ŏn, both known for very harsh conditions:

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ "Kaech'ŏn". Merriam-Webster Dictionary. Retrieved 7 September 2019.
  2. ^ "Statues of Kim Il Sung Erected in Different Places". KCNA. 8 July 2007. Archived from the original on 12 October 2014.
  3. ^ Choe Sang-hun (July 9, 2007). "Born and raised in a North Korean gulag". International Herald Tribune.
  4. ^ "United States Senate Hearings: Testimony of Ms. Soon Ok Lee, June 21, 2002".

Further readingEdit

  • Dormels, Rainer. North Korea's Cities: Industrial facilities, internal structures and typification. Jimoondang, 2014. ISBN 978-89-6297-167-5

External linksEdit