Open main menu

Kaechon internment camp

Kaechon internment camp (Hangeul: 개천 제14호 관리소, also spelled Kae'chŏn or Gaecheon) is a forced labor camp in North Korea for political prisoners. The official name is Kwan-li-so (Penal-labor colony) No. 14. It is not to be confused with Kaechon concentration camp (Kyo-hwa-so No. 1), which is located 20 km (12 mi) to the northwest. The camp is commonly known as Camp 14.

Kaechon internment camp
Chosŏn'gŭl개천 제14호 관리소
Hancha
Revised RomanizationGaecheon Je14ho Gwalliso
McCune–ReischauerKaechŏn Che14ho Kwalliso
Chosŏn'gŭl개천 정치범수용소
Hancha
Revised RomanizationGaecheon Jeongchibeom Suyongso
McCune–ReischauerKaechŏn Chŏngch'ibŏm Suyongso

Contents

DescriptionEdit

 
 
Pyongyang
 
Kaechon
Location of Kaechon camp in North Korea

The camp was established around 1959[1] in central North Korea near Kae'chŏn county, South Pyongan Province. It is situated along the middle reaches of Taedong river, which forms the southern boundary of the camp, and includes the mountains north of the river, including Purok-san. Bukchang, a concentration camp (Kwan-li-so No. 18) adjoins the southern banks of the Taedong River. The camp is about 155 km2 (60 sq mi) in area, with farms, mines and factories threaded through steep mountain valleys.[2][3][4] The camp includes overcrowded barracks that house males, females, and older children separately, and a headquarters with administration and guards housing.[5] Altogether around 15,000 prisoners live in Kaechon internment camp.[6]

PurposeEdit

The main purpose of Kaechon internment camp is to keep politically unreliable persons classed "unredeemable"[1] isolated from society, and exploit their labor.[7][8] Those sent to the camp include officials perceived to have performed poorly in their job, people who criticize the regime, their children, anyone who was born in the camp, and anyone suspected of engaging in "anti-government" activities.[9] Prisoners have to work in one of the coal mines, and in one of the factories that produce textiles, paper, food, rubber, shoes, ceramics and cement or in agriculture.[6]

Human rights situationEdit

Many prisoners in the camp, as reported by witnesses, have to do very hard and dangerous work in mines and other workplaces from 05:30 until midnight.[10] Even 11-year-old children have to work after school and see their parents rarely.[11] People are forced to work like slaves and are tortured for minor offences.[12][13]

Food rations are very small, consisting of salted cabbage and corn, so that the prisoners are very skinny and weak. Many die of malnourishment, illness, work accidents, and the aftereffects of torture. Many prisoners resort to eating frogs, insects, rats, snakes, and even resort to cannibalism in order to try to survive.[1][12] Eating rat flesh helps to prevent pellagra, a common disease in the camp which results from the absence of protein and niacin in the diet. In order to eat anything outside of the prison-sanctioned meal, including these animals, prisoners must first get permission from the guards.[1]

Imprisoned witnessesEdit

Shin Dong-hyukEdit

In his official biography Escape from Camp 14 by Blaine Harden, Shin Dong-hyuk claimed that he was born in the camp and lived there until escaping in his early twenties. In 2015, Shin recanted some of this story.[14] Shin told Harden that he had changed some dates and locations and incorporated some "fictive elements" into his account. Harden outlined these revisions in a new foreword, but did not revise the entire book. Shin said that he did not spend his entire North Korean life at Camp 14. Though maintaining that he was born there, he stated that, when he was young, his family was transferred to the less severe Camp 18, and spent several years there. He said that he was tortured in Camp 14 in 2002, as punishment for escaping from Camp 18.[15][16]

Kim YongEdit

Kim Yong (1995–1996 in Kaechon, then in Bukchang) was imprisoned after it was revealed that two men executed as alleged US spies were his father and brother.[6] He witnessed approximately 25 executions in his section of the camp within less than two years.[17]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d Blaine Harden (16 March 2012). "How one man escaped from a North Korean prison camp". The Guardian. Archived from the original on May 9, 2012. Retrieved 4 February 2013.
  2. ^ "Committee for Human Rights in North Korea: Satellite Imagery of the North Korean Gulag: Kwan-li-so No. 14 Kaechon Overview, p. 209" (PDF). Retrieved 2012-12-07.
  3. ^ North Korean Human Rights: Prison Camps in 2012..., ned.org; accessed October 30, 2014.
  4. ^ Harden, Blaine (July 20, 2009). "N. Korea's Hard-Labor Camps: On the Diplomatic Back Burner". The Washington Post.
  5. ^ "Committee for Human Rights in North Korea: Satellite Imagery of the North Korean Gulag: Kwan-li-so No. 14 Kaechon Headquarters" (PDF). p. 211. Retrieved 2012-12-07.
  6. ^ a b c "Committee for Human Rights in North Korea: The Hidden Gulag (Section: Testimony Kwan-li-so No. 14 Kaechon, p. 48)" (PDF). Retrieved 2012-12-07.
  7. ^ "Prison Camps of North Korea - Camp 14 Kaechon", U.S. State Department Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights and Labor, retrieved January 15, 2015
  8. ^ "Torture, starvation, infant execution in N. Korea prison camps exposed to UN panel", RT (Russia Today), August 20, 2013, retrieved January 15, 2015
  9. ^ "End horror of North Korean political prison camps". Amnesty International. May 4, 2011. Retrieved January 15, 2014.
  10. ^ Yang Jung A (2007-07-03). "My Mother is Executed. Yet I am not sad". Daily NK. Retrieved 2012-12-10.
  11. ^ Sang-Hun, Choe (July 9, 2007). "Born and raised in a North Korean gulag". The New York Times.
  12. ^ a b Anderson Cooper (February 18, 2014). "UN witness describes horrors of North Korea (Anderson Cooper's remarkable interview with Shin Dong-hyuk, who was born in "Camp 14", a North Korean gulag described in a UN Human Rights report)". 60 Minutes Overtime.
  13. ^ Shin Dong-Hyuk (December 1, 2008). ""A Glimpse of Horror", Radio Free Asia". Rfa.org. Retrieved 2012-12-07.
  14. ^ Anna Fifield (17 January 2015). "Prominent N. Korean defector Shin Dong-hyuk admits parts of story are inaccurate". Washington Post.
  15. ^ Harden, Blaine (2015). "A new Foreword to Escape from Camp 14". blaineharden.com.
  16. ^ John Power (March 18, 2015). "Author of book on North Korea's founding addresses Shin controversy". NK News.
  17. ^ "The Hidden Gulag – Exposing Crimes against Humanity in North Korea's Vast Prison System (pp. 51-52)" (PDF). The Committee for Human Rights in North Korea. Retrieved April 25, 2012.

Further readingEdit

  • Blaine Harden (March 29, 2012). Escape from Camp 14: One Man's Remarkable Odyssey from North Korea to Freedom in the West (HC (hardcover)). Viking. ISBN 978-0670023325.

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 39°34′16″N 126°03′20″E / 39.571086°N 126.055466°E / 39.571086; 126.055466