Kaštel Sućurac

Kaštel Sućurac
Kaštel Sućurac is located in Croatia
Kaštel Sućurac
Location of Kaštel Sućurac in Croatia
Country Croatia
Region Dalmatia
County Split-Dalmatia
Municipality Kaštela
Latitude 43.33.00 N
Longitude 16.25.34 E
Surface (km²) ?
Population 6,797 (as of 2011)
Time zone (UTC) UTC+1 CET

Kaštel Sućurac (pronounced [kǎʃtɛl sût͡ɕurat͡s]) is a town within the administrative area of Kaštela in Dalmatia, Croatia.[1] Patron saint of the town is Saint George (Sv. Jure locally).

A noted element of the ancient history of this region is Diocletian's Palace in nearby Split, which structure was constructed in the period 293 to 305 .[2]

The town of KaštelaEdit

The town of Kaštela is located on the coast of the Bay of Kaštela. It has over 40 000 inhabitants, and it is the second largest town in the Split and Dalmatia County. It stretches over the length of 17 kilometers. The town is specific because it developed around 7 settlements or around castles. Kaštel Sućurac is first of 7 kastels from East.

HistoryEdit

 
Bishop's Palace was built in the 15th century.

In Kaštel Sućurac stands the oldest defensive fortress built in 1392 by A. Gvaldo the Archbishop of Split.[3] to protect peasants from the settlement Putalj which was situated on the slopes of Kozjak, near the little church of St. Juraj. Additional building formed a settlement by the sea.

Archbishop Averaldo built his summer residence in 1488, and castle gets its final form in 1509. The oldest center of Sućurac is Kaštilac, a yard of fortified palace – villa with the south wall opened by lavishly decorated windows in High Gothic style. Unlike other villages the square is here formed on the south side of the summer residence. Today, there is the exhibition room "Podvorje" where one part of archeological artifacts from Putalj is held.

Only the bell tower remained of the parish church built in the 16th century after Allied bombing in 1943. Kaštel Sućurac was bombed on December 5 and 6, 1943 by the Allies. In the attack, a parish church from the 16th century was destroyed, resulting in the deaths of 67 locals, including the parish's priest.[4][5][6] On December 13, another 38 were killed.[7] In the communist Yugoslav era, the victims of the bombing were declared victims of fascism, which lasted until democratic changes in Croatia in 1990.[4] In 2007 the town raised a monument to the victims.[7]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Jeanne Oliver, Croatia, Lonely Planet Publications
  2. ^ C.Michael Hogan, "Diocletian's Palace", The Megalithic Portal, A. Burnham ed, Oct 6, 2007
  3. ^ http://www.culturenet.hr/default.aspx?ID=23246
  4. ^ a b Saša Kosanović (27 January 2004). "Ne može se utvrditi koliko su Hrvata ubili saveznici" [It cannot be determined how many Croats were killed by the Allies] (in Croatian). Nacional (weekly). Archived from the original on 30 June 2012. Retrieved 30 June 2012. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  5. ^ Kobni 3. lipnja 1944.
  6. ^ Spomen na pokolj u Kaštelima iz 1943. godine
  7. ^ a b Vjernici su gladni duhovnih sadržaja Archived 2007-10-27 at the Wayback Machine

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 43°33′00″N 16°25′34″E / 43.55000°N 16.42611°E / 43.55000; 16.42611