KPV heavy machine gun
The KPV-14.5 heavy machine gun (KPV is an initialism for Krupnokaliberniy Pulemyot Vladimirova, in Russian as Крупнокалиберный Пулемёт Владимирова, or КПВ) is a Soviet designed 14.5×114mm-caliber heavy machine gun, which first entered service as an infantry weapon (designated PKP) in 1949. In the 1960s, the infantry version was taken out of production because it was too big and heavy. It was later redesigned for anti-aircraft use, because it showed excellent results as an AA gun, with a range of 3,000 meters horizontally and 2,000 meters vertically against low flying planes. It was used in the ZPU series of anti-aircraft guns. Its size and power also made it a useful light anti-armour weapon on the BTR series of vehicles and the BRDM-2 scout car.
|KPV 14.5×114 mm machine gun|
Four KPV heavy machine guns used on the ZPU-4 anti-aircraft gun.
|Type||Heavy machine gun|
|Place of origin||Soviet Union|
|Used by||See Operators|
Western Sahara War
First Chechen War
Second Chechen War
First Libyan Civil War
Second Libyan Civil War
Syrian Civil War
Iraqi Civil War (2014–2017)
Yemeni Civil War (2015–present)
Saudi Arabian-led intervention in Yemen
Saudi–Yemeni border conflict (2015–present)
|Manufacturer||V.A. Degtyarev Plant|
|Mass||49 kg (108.03 lb)|
|Length||1,980 mm (78.0 in)|
|Barrel length||1,346 mm (53.0 in)|
|Action||Short recoil operation|
|Rate of fire||600 rpm|
|Muzzle velocity||1,005 m/s (3,297 ft/s)|
|Effective firing range||3000m|
|Maximum firing range||4000m|
|Feed system||40-round belt|
|Sights||iron or optical|
The version for use in armoured vehicles is called the KPVT (tankoviy, 'tank'). KPVT is used for armoured vehicle installations, boats, movable and stationary mounts and various antiaircraft mounts. It features a shorter receiver and a heavier barrel jacket. The KPVT also uses a 50-round belt instead of the original 40-round belt. KPVTs are the primary armament of the wheeled BTR-60PB/70/80 series armoured personnel carriers and BRDM-2 armoured reconnaissance vehicles. It is intended for fighting against light armoured targets, weapons systems and light shelters at the distances of up to 3000 m, as well as air targets at distances up to 2000 m.
The distance at which the bullet retains lethal force is 8 km. The maximum flight range of the bullet is 9 km.
The naval version was called the marine tumbovaya (MTPU). It was mounted in the following turrets; 2M-5 was for torpedo boats, the 2M-6 for patrol boats, and the 2M-7 for trawlers. The 14.5mm marine pedestal machine gun mount (14.5mm MTPU) is intended for combat against armoured surface, coast and air targets. It is mounted on decks of boats and can defeat surface and coast targets with a range of 3,000 meters horizontally and 2,000 meters vertically against low flying planes.
The development of the machine gun began in 1944. The 14.5×114mm M41 cartridge can be used with High Explosive Incendiary - Tracer (HEI-T) or Armour-Piercing Incendiary (API) bullets, and they have approximately twice the energy of a 12.7 mm (.50 BMG) projectile. The KPV is air-cooled and fitted with barrel with a hard chrome plated bore. It uses a short recoil operation system with gas assistance and a rotary bolt. It can be fed with the 40-round metallic belt from either the left or right side. The barrel can be removed by turning the prominent latch on the forward end of the receiver and pulling on the barrel's carrying handle.
Quadruple- (ZPU-4) Double- (ZPU-2) and single-barreled (ZPU-1) versions of the weapon exist.
Remote weapon stationsEdit
- B-32 - Armor-piercing incendiary full metal jacket round with a tungsten-carbide core. Projectile weight is 64.4 g and muzzle velocity is 976 m/s. Armour penetration at 500 m is 32 mm of rolled homogeneous armour (RHA) at 90 degrees.
- BZT - Armor-piercing incendiary tracer full metal jacket round with a steel core. Projectile weight is 59.56 g and muzzle velocity is 1,005 m/s. Tracer burns to at least 2,000 m.
- MDZ - High-explosive incendiary bullet of instant action. Projectile weight is 59.68 g.
Rounds are also produced by Bulgaria, China, Egypt, Poland, and Romania.
- Bulgaria: locally produced
- China: Type 56 machine gun, produced by Norinco
- Czechoslovakia (ex)
- Finland (KPVT)
- India - Manufactured at Ordnance Factory Tiruchirappalli
- Iraq- Iraqi Armed Forces
- Islamic State
- Ivory Coast
- Izz ad-Din al-Qassam Brigades
- Mali - Armed and Security Forces of Mali
- Malta - North Korea-made KPVs
- North Korea
- Pakistan: Used by the Pakistan Army.
- Romania: KPV and KPVT built under license
- Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic
- São Tomé and Príncipe
- Serbia (KPVT)
- Sierra Leone: Chinese QJG56 and Polish KPVT
- Slovenia (KPVT)
- South Africa
- Soviet Union (ex)
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- Gander, Terry J. (22 November 2000). "National inventories, Togo". Jane's Infantry Weapons 2001-2002. p. 4569.
- Suermondt, Jan (2004). Illustrated Guide to Combat Weapons. Kent: Grange Books. p. 104.
- Koll, Christian (2009). Soviet Cannon - A Comprehensive Study of Soviet Arms and Ammunition in Calibres 12.7mm to 57mm. Austria: Koll. p. 98. ISBN 978-3-200-01445-9.
- Moise, Edwin (1996). Tonkin Gulf and the Escalation of the Vietnam War. United States: The University of North Carolina Press. ISBN 0-8078-2300-7.
|KPV in Libya|
- KPVT large-calibre tank machine-gun
- MTPU 14.5mm marine pedestal machine-gun mount
- Russian/Soviet KPV MACHINE GUN ON WHEELED MOUNT (MARKOV'S MOUNT) IN 14.5 x 114 calibre (M41/44) – Walk around photos
- ZPU-2 - TWIN MOUNT 14.5MM ANTI-AIRCRAFT GUNS (Twin mount anti-aircraft 14.5mm KPV machine guns) – Walk around photos
- Modern Firearms page on the KPV-14.5 heavy machine gun