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List of modern Russian small arms and light weapons

  (Redirected from List of Russian weaponry)

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The following is a list of modern Russian small arms and light weapons which were in service in 2016:

Contents

HandgunsEdit

RevolversEdit

Weapon Caliber In service Variants Photo Country
Nagant M1895
7 shot revolver
7.62×38mmR
(7.62 mm Nagant)
1895–present[1]
still used by some police and
security forces
 
A Nagant M1895 produced in 1941 by the Tula Arsenal with its 7.62×38mmR ammunition
  Russia
  Belgium

PistolsEdit

Weapon Caliber In service Variants Photo Country
Tokarev pistol 7.62×25mm Tokarev 1930–present in use in some reserve forces TT-30
TT-33 1933
 
Tokarev pistol
  Soviet Union
Makarov pistol 9×18mm Makarov 1951–present
still widely used by police,
military and security forces
IZh-70, IZh-71, MP-71 commercial variants:
 
Makarov pistol
  Russia
  Soviet Union
PSM pistol 5.45×18mm 1973–present
still issued to high
ranking government
officials, police, military
& security forces
IZh-75 (commercial)
Baikal-441 (.25 ACP)
 
PSM pistol
  Russia
  Soviet Union
P-96 pistol 9×19mm Parabellum
(9×18mm Makarov)
2000s–present P-96S (9×17mm)
 
P-96M
  Russia
GSh-18 9×19mm Parabellum 2000–present one of the
standard sidearms
for all branches of
Russian Armed Forces
 
GSh-18
  Russia
MP-443 Grach
Yarygin Pistol
9×19mm Parabellum 2003–present one of the
standard sidearms
for all branches of
Russian Armed forces
6P35 Yarygin (prototype)
9×19mm Parabellum

MP-446 Viking (commercial)
9×19mm Parabellum

MP-446C (sporting variant)
9×19mm Parabellum

 
MP-443
  Russia
SR-1 Vektor 9×21mm Gyurza 2003–present
sidearm utilized in limited numbers by the Spetsnaz
SR-1M
SR-1MP
 
SR-1M
  Russia
PL-14/15(Ru wiki only) 9×19mm Parabellum Currently in prototype use PL-14
PL-15
PL-15K
 
PL-14
  Russia

Special purposeEdit

Weapon Caliber In service Variants Photo Country
Stechkin APS
Stechkin automatic pistol
select-fire machine-pistol
9×18mm Makarov 1951–present AO-44 / APB (variant
with attaching silencer
and steel wire stock)
  Soviet Union
SPP-1 underwater pistol 4.5×39mm 1971–present SPP-1M (updated model)   Soviet Union
OTs-38 Stechkin silent revolver 7.62×42mm SP-4 2002–present   Russia   Russia
PSS silent pistol also called MSS "Vul"
("wool" in English)
7.62×42mm SP-4 1983–present
replaced all previous
noiseless pistols[2]
PSS-2 (modernized;
7.62×45mm SP-16)
  Soviet Union
NRS-2
NR-2 (survival kit
instead of pistol)
7.62×42mm SP-4 1986–present NRS (initial variant;
7.62×35mm SP-3)
knife / single-shot
noiseless pistol
designed to complement
the PSS[3]
  Soviet Union

Submachine gunsEdit

Weapon Caliber In service Variants Photo Country
Bizon 9×18mm Makarov 1996–present
succeeded by
Vityaz-SN[citation needed]
Bizon-2 (improved variant):
2 (9×18mm Makarov)
2B (configuration with
attaching suppressor)
2-01 (9×19mm Parabellum)
2-02 (.380 ACP)
2-03 (integral suppressor)
2-07 (7.62×25mm Tokarev,
box magazine)
Bizon-3 (improved variant)

helical magazine;
  Russia
SR-2 Veresk 9×21mm Gyurza 1999–present SR-2M   Russia
Vityaz-SN[4]

closed bolt
blowback operated
Kalashnikov variant

9×19mm Parabellum 1990s–present
standard SMG
for all branches of
Russian military
and police forces[5]
Vityaz-SN   Russia
PP-2000 9×19mm Parabellum 2008–present
standard SMG
for all branches of
police forces[5]
PP-2000   Russia
PP-91 KEDR 9x18mm Makarov 1994–present used by parts of Ministry of Internal Affairs PP-71
(prototype)
PP-90-01
(variant with
integrated silencer)
PP-9 "Klin"
(1996-2002 for
MVD
9x18mm PMM)
  Russia

Special purposeEdit

Weapon Caliber In service Variants Photo Country
PP-90

Folding Submachine gun

9x18mm Makarov 1990s used by MVD   Russia
  Soviet Union
PP-90M1

Submachine gun Helical 64-round magazine

9x19mm Parabellum 1990s used by Spetsnaz   Russia
OTs-02 Kiparis

Submachine Gun 30-round magazine

9x18mm Makarov 1972–1991     Soviet Union

ShotgunsEdit

Weapon Caliber In service Variants Photo Country
RMB-93

Pump-action shotgun

12-gauge shotgun 1993 Used by Police of Russia and other security forces     Russia
Saiga-12

Automatic shotgun

12-gauge shotgun , 16, 20, .410 gauge shotgun Late 1990s Used by Russian armed forces     Russia
KS-23

Special Carbine

23mm bore shotgun 1970–present,used by the Ministry of Internal Affairs and Border Guard Service   Soviet Union
Molot Bekas-M

Pump-action sporting shotgun

12, 20, 28, .410 and 32-gauge shotgun 1999 Used by Police of Russia[citation needed] and other security forces[citation needed]     Russia
Vepr-12

Magazine fed semi-automatic shotgun

12 gauge 2003 Used by Police of Russia[citation needed] and other security forces[citation needed]     Russia

RiflesEdit

Bolt-actionEdit

Weapon Caliber In service Variants Photo Country
Mosin–Nagant
"3-line rifle"
"Mosin rifle"
7.62×54mmR 1891–present
still used by some
militia forces
sniper rifle commonly
used by police and
military snipers
1891 infantry
1891 dragoon
1891 cossack
1891/1910
1891/1930
1891/1952 KGB
sniper
1907 carbine
1938 carbine
1944 carbine
 
Mosin–Nagant series of rifles
  Russia
  Soviet Union
SV-98 7.62×51mm NATO
7.62×54mmR
.338 Lapua Magnum
2003–present Modernized (1)
 
SV-98
  Russia
VKS sniper rifle 12.7×55mm STs-130 2004–present Some variants are in deployment     Russia
Lobaev Sniper Rifle .338 Federal (.308 Winchester)
.408 Cheyenne Tactical
.300 Winchester Magnum
.338 Lapua Magnum
6.5×47mm Lapua
6.5-284 Norma
.40 Lobaev Whisper
.375 Cheyenne Tactical
2010–present SVL variant chambered for .408 Cheyenne Tactical is used by the Federal Protective Service of Russia.[6]
Other variants include OVL, SVLK-14S, SVLK-14M, DXL, TSVL and DVL.
    Russia
  United Arab Emirates
Orsis T-5000 7.62×51mm NATO (.308 Winchester)
.300 Winchester Magnum
.338 Lapua Magnum
6.5×47mm Lapua
.375 H&H Magnum
.260 Remington
2017–present[7] Some variants are in deployment     Russia

Semi-automaticEdit

Weapon Caliber In service Variants Photo Country
SKS / Simonov
self-loading carbine
7.62×39mm 1945–present
still used by some police &
militia forces, also used as
ceremonial rifle
 
SKS
  Soviet Union
Dragunov sniper rifle 7.62×54mmR 1963–present SVU (bullpup)
SVDK (9.3×64mm)
SVDS (folding stock):
590mm barrel (SVDS-D)
 
SVD
  Soviet Union

Selective-fireEdit

Weapon Caliber In service Variants Photo Country
AK-47 / AK 7.62×39mm 1949–present replaced by AKM can still be
found in armories.
  • AKS folding stock
  • AK(S)N night scope rail
  • Issue 1949 stamped receiver
  • Issue 1951 milled receiver
  • Issue 1954 lightened milled receiver variant
 
AK-47
  Soviet Union
AKM

modernized AK-47

7.62×39mm 1959–present replaced by AK-74 still in use by
police and militia forces
  • S-04-M, A-55 prototypes
  • AKMS folding stock
  • AKM(S)N night scope rail
  • AKM(S)L flash suppressor & night scope rail
  • RPK (machine gun)
 
AKM
  Soviet Union
AK-74 5.45×39mm 1974–present replaced by AK-74M can still be found
in large numbers
  • 40-P/720-P/A-017, A-3 prototypes
  • AKS-74 (folding stock)
  • AK(S)-74N night scope rail
  • RPK-74 (machine gun)
  • AKS-74U (carbine)
 
AK-74
  Soviet Union
AK-74M

modernized AK-74

5.45×39mm 1991–present current issue
 
AK-74M
  Soviet Union
  Russia
AN-94 / Nikonov
Assault Rifle
5.45×39mm 1997–present used in limited numbers too
expensive for general issue[8]
 
AN-94
  Russia
AK-12 / AK-15 5.45×39mm
7.62×39mm
Accepted into service in January 2018.
 
AK-12

  Russia

Special purposeEdit

Weapon Caliber In service Variants Photo Country
APS

underwater automatic rifle

5.66×39mm MPS 1975 to present
 
APS
  Soviet Union
AS Val

silent assault rifle

9×39mm 1980s to present VSS Vintorez (sniper rifle)
 
AS Val
  Soviet Union
9A-91 9×39mm 1993 to present VSK-94 (sniper rifle)
A-9 (9×19mm Parabellum)
A-7.62 (7.62×25mm Tokarev)
 
9A-91
  Russia
AK-9

carbine, sub-
sonic ammunition

9×39mm 2000s to present
 
AK-9
  Russia
ASh-12.7

urban assault rifle

12.7×55mm ASh-12.7 2010 to present
 
Ash-12.7
  Russia
ADS

amphibious
assault rifle

5.45×39mm /
5.45×39mm PSP
2013 to present Carbine

A-91 (non-amphibious):
7.62×39mm, 5.56×45mm

 
ADS
  Russia

Anti-material riflesEdit

Weapon Caliber In service Variants Photo Country
KSVK / ASVK /
6S8 / ASV Kord
12.7×108mm 1990s to present
 
ASVK
  Soviet Union
  Russia
OSV-96

folding barrel

12.7×108mm 1990s to present V-94 (early variant)
 
OSV-96
  Soviet Union
  Russia

Machine gunsEdit

Squad automatic weapons (SAWs)Edit

Weapon Caliber In service Variants Photo Country
RPD / Light Machine Gun 7.62×39mm 1945 to present
still used by special forces
and militia forces
 
RPD Light Machine Gun
  Soviet Union
RPK / Kalashnikov
Light Machine Gun
7.62×39mm 1959 to present
still used by police
and militia forces
AKM (assault rifle)

S-108(-M), P-55
prototypes

RPKS (folding stock)

RPK(S)N
night scope rail

RPK(S)L
flash suppressor
& night scope rail

RPKM (modernized)

RPK-203 (export variant)

RPK-204 (7.62×51mm NATO)

 
RPK
  Soviet Union
RPK-74 5.45×39mm 1974 to present
current issue
AK-74 (assault rifle)

RPKS-74 (folding stock)

RPK(S)-74N:
night scope rail

RPK-74M (modernized)

RPK-201 (5.56×45mm NATO)

 
RPK-74
  Soviet Union
RPK-16 5.45×39mm 2018 to present [9]
 
RPK-16
  Russia

General-purposeEdit

Weapon Caliber In service Variants Photo Country
PK machine gun
Kalashnikov Machine Gun
7.62×54mmR 1961 to present PKM (modernized)

PK(M)S (configuration
with mount)

PK(M)B (APC
configuration)

PKT(M) (tank variant)

Pecheneg (rifle-
caliber SAW)

 
PK
  Soviet Union
Pecheneg machine gun
Kalashnikov Machine Gun
7.62×54mmR 2001 to present PKM (modernized)

PK(M)S (configuration
with mount)

PK(M)B (APC
configuration)

PKT(M) (tank variant)

Pecheneg (rifle-
caliber SAW)

 
PKM
  Russia

HeavyEdit

Weapon Caliber In service Variants Photo Country
KPV / Vladimirov
Machine Gun
14.5×114mm 1949 to present PKP (infantry variant; not
to be confused with
Pecheneg machine gun)

KPVT (vehicle-mounted)

ZPU-1 / 2 / 4 (AA mounts)

 
KPV
  Soviet Union
NSV Utyos / Nikitin–
Sokolov–Volkov
12.7×108mm 1971 to present
succeeded by Kord
can still be found
in large numbers
NSVT (vehicle-mounted)
Utyos-M (naval twin-mount)
 
NSV
  Soviet Union
Kord

can be fired
from bipod

12.7×108mm 1998 to present
 
Kord
  Russia

Hand grenadesEdit

FragmentationEdit

Weapon Weight In service Variants Photo Country
RGD-5
offensive fragmentation grenade
310g 1954 to present
replaced by RGN
can still be found
in large numbers
 
RGD-5
  Soviet Union
RGO
defensive fragmentation grenade
530g 1990s to present
 
RGO
  Soviet Union
RGN
offensive fragmentation grenade
290g 1990s to present
 
RGN
  Soviet Union

Anti-tankEdit

Weapon Weight In service Variants Photo Country
RKG-3

shaped charge

1,070 g 1950 to present
still stockpiled
succeeded by RPG-18
rocket launcher
RKG-3Ye (170 mm RHA)
RKG-3YeM (220 mm RHA)
 
RKG-3
  Soviet Union

Grenade launchersEdit

Stand-aloneEdit

Weapon Caliber In service Variants Photo Country
RGS-50 50mm grenade 1989 to present RGS-50M   Soviet Union
RG-6 / 6G30 40mm caseless grenade
(VOG-25M)
1994 to present
 
RG-6
  Russia
RGM-40 Kastet
stand alone version
of GP-30 with
telescoping stock
40mm caseless grenade
(VOG-25M)
late 1990s to present External:
[1][2]
  Soviet Union
GM-94 43mm grenade
(VGM-93)
2007 to present
 
GM-94
  Russia

AttachedEdit

Weapon Caliber In service Variants Photo Country
Kalashnikov grenade launcher
(cup type launcher)[10]
uses special blank
cartridge to launch
standard RGD-5
hand-grenades also
launches various
riot control ammunition
mid 1950s to present
 
Kalashnikov Grenade Launcher
  Soviet Union
GP-25 Kostyor 40mm caseless grenade
(VOG-25M)
1978 to present BG-15 Mukha
initial variant
GP-30 Obuvka:
1989 issue
2000 issue
GP-30M
GP-30U Granat
(can be mounted
on foreign rifles)
GP-34 ([3])
 
AK-74M with GP-25
  Soviet Union

Automatic grenade launchersEdit

Weapon Caliber In service Variants Photo
AGS-17 Plamya

succeeded by
AGS-30 & AGS-40 Balkan

30 mm VOG-17M /
VOG-30 / GPD-30
1970s to present AGS-17M
modernized

AG-17M
naval version

AG-17A (AP-30
Plamya-A)
aircraft version

 
AGS-17
  Soviet Union
AGS-30 Atlant

light automatic
grenade launcher

30 mm VOG-17M /
VOG-30 / GPD-30
1995 to present TKB-722(K)
prototype
 
AGS-30
  Russia
AGS-40 Balkan

automatic
grenade launcher

40mm caseless 7P39 grenades 2017 to present
 
AGS-40 Balkan
  Russia
  Serbia
  Montenegro
  Bosnia and Herzegovina

Rocket launchersEdit

General purposeEdit

Weapon Caliber Penetration In service Variants Photo
RPG-7 Anti-tank
PG-7VL “Luch”
93mm, 2.6 kg, 1977

Tandem AT
PG-7VR “Rezyume”
105mm, 4.5 kg, 1988

Thermobaric
TBG-7V “Tanin”
105mm, 4.5 kg, 1988

Fragmentation
OG-7V “Oskolok”
40mm, 2.0 kg, 1998

Outdated (AT)
PG-7V (85/2.2/61)
PG-7VM (70/2.0/69)
PG-7VS (72/2.0/72)

260 mm (V)
300 mm (VM)
400 mm (VS)
500 mm (VL)
750 mm (VR)
1961 to present
still used in large numbers
succeeded by
RPG-30 & RPG-32
RPG-7D
paratrooper

RPG-7N/DN
night vision scope

RPG-7V
improved optics

RPG-7V1/D1
updated optics
for PG-7VR and
TBG-7V

RPG-7V2/D2
universal optics

RPG-7D3

 
RPG-7
RPG-16 58x3mm HEAT 300mm (RHA) 1970s to 1990s
RPG-26 Aglen

(one-shot disposable launcher)

72.5mm 440 mm 1985 to present RShG-2 (combined
warhead (light))
 
RPG-26
RPG-27 Tavolga

(one-shot disposable launcher)

medium AT
rocket launcher

105mm 600 mm 1989 to present RShG-1 External:
[4], [5]
RPG-29 Vampir

for ranges of 500-800
metres is installed on
tripod

105mm (AT,
thermobaric)
750 mm 1989 to present
 
RPG-29
RPG-32 Hashim

developed
in cooperation
with Jordan

72.5 and 105mm 650 mm 2008 to present
RPG-28 Klyukva

(one-shot disposable launcher)

heavy AT
rocket launcher

125mm ~1000 mm 2011 to present RMG multipurpose variant External:
[6], [7], [8]
RPG-30 Kryuk

(one-shot disposable launcher)

105mm 600 mm 2012 to present External:
[9], [10]

Incendiary and thermobaricEdit

Weapon Caliber In service Variants Photo
RPO Rys
Incendiary
rocket launcher
replaced the
flamethrower in
Soviet service
122mm late 1970s to present

succeeded by
RPO-A Shmel

 
RPO
RPO-A Shmel

(one-shot disposable launcher)

93mm late 1980s to present

succeeded by
RPO-M

RPO-A:
thermobaric
RPO-Z:
incendiary
RPO-D:
smoke warhead
RPO-M:
90mm reuseable launcher
Bur:
62mm reusable launcher
 
RPO-A
MRO-A

(one-shot disposable launcher)

72.5mm 2002 to present MRO-A:
thermobaric
MRO-Z:
incendiary
MRO-D:
smoke warhead
 
MRO
Varna

(Incendiary rocket launcher)

2005 to present[11]

Special purposeEdit

Weapon Caliber In service Variants Photo
Grad-P Light portable
rocket system

man-portable variant
of BM-21 Grad MLRS

122mm 9M22M

10,800 / 15,000m
aiming / max. range

1960s to present
 
Grad-P
DP-61 Duel 55mm depth charges late 1970s to present

supplemented by
DP-64

MRG-1 Ogonyok:
stationary variant
with 7 launch tubes
External:
[11]
DP-64 45mm depth charges 1990 to present

Recoilless riflesEdit

Weapon Caliber In service Variants Photo
SPG-9 Kopyo 73mm 1962 to present SPG-9D
paratrooper variant

SPG-9(D)M
modernized

SPG-9(M)N/D(M)N
night vision scope

 
SPG-9

MortarsEdit

Weapon Caliber In service Variants Photo
82-BM-37
M37
M1937
PM37
82mm 1936 to present
replaced by the Podnos
can still be found
in large numbers
M37M
M41
M43
2B14 Podnos 82mm 1980s to present
2B25 Gall
suppressed mortar
82mm 2011 to present External:
[12]

Anti-tank guided missilesEdit

Weapon Missile Range In service Variants Photo
9K111 Fagot /
AT-4 Spigot
9M111 2,000m 1970 to present 9M111M
 
9K113 Konkurs missile system (launcher and missile) and a 9M111M Faktoriya missile in launch tube (standing)
9M113 Konkurs /
AT-5 Spandrel
9M113 4,000m 1974 to present 9M113M
9K115-2 Metis-M /
AT-13 Saxhorn-2
9M131 1,000m/ 2000m[12] 1992–present Metis-M / Metis-M1 HEAT tandem warhead, Armor penetration behind ERA 900–950 mm[13]
9K135 Kornet /
AT-14 Spriggan

replaced 9M113 Konkurs

9M133-1
9M133F-1

9M133M-2
9M133FM-2
9M133FMX
5,500m

8,000–10,000m
1998 to present[14] Kornet-E (export)
Kornet-D / EM
 
Kornet
9K11-2 Malyutka-2 /
AT-3D Sagger D

modernized
Malyutka (1999)

9M14-2
9M14-2M
9M14-2P
9M14-2F
3,000m

min. 400m
1999 to present Malyutka-2M External:
[13] (Malyutka-2M)

Man-portable air defense systemEdit

Weapon Range Altitude In service Variants Photo
Igla / SA-18 Grouse

succeeded by Igla-S

5,200m 3,500m 1981 to present

Igla-1 (early variant;
NATO reporting name:
SA-16 Gimlet)

Igla-D (paratrooper
variant)

Dzhigit (two-barrel
stationary variant)

 
Igla
Igla-S / SA-24 Grinch

succeeded by 9K333 Verba

6,000m 3,500m 2004 to present
 
Igla-S
9K333 Verba 8000m 4,500m 2014 to present
 
9K333 Verba

LandminesEdit

Weapon Type In service Variants Photo
POMZ Anti-personnel
tripwire type
fragmentation mine
1945 to late 1960s POMZ-2
POMZ-2M
 
Yugoslav PMR-2A variant of POMZ anti-personnel mine, Balkans 1996
PMN mine Anti-personnel late 1950s to present PMN-1
PMN-2
PMN-4
OZM anti-personnel
bounding (Bouncing Betty) type
OZM-3
OZM-4
OZM-72
MON-50 anti-personnel
directional (Claymore) type
MON-90
larger version
of MON-50
anti-personnel
directional (Claymore) type
MON-100 anti-personnel
directional (Claymore) type
MON-200
larger version
of MON-100
anti-personnel
directional (Claymore) type,
can also be used against
light-skinned vehicles
and helicopters
TM-57 mine anti-tank
TM-62 series of mines anti-tank TM-62M
TM-62B
TM-62D
TM-62P
TM-62T
TM-72 mine anti-tank
stand-off
magnetic fuze
TM-89

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Modern Firearms – Handguns – Nagant 1895". World.guns.ru. Retrieved 2010-07-20.
  2. ^ "Пистолеты НИИ Точмаш". Retrieved 28 December 2016.
    one-shot pistol
  3. ^ "-2". Retrieved 13 November 2014.
  4. ^ "Официальный сайт группы предприятий "ИЖМАШ"". 9 November 2011. Archived from the original on 9 November 2011. Retrieved 28 December 2016. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
  5. ^ a b "New guns for Russia's cops – so what? – In Moscow's Shadows". In Moscow's Shadows. Retrieved 13 November 2014.
  6. ^ Lobaev SVL sniper rifle (Russia)
  7. ^ https://rg.ru/2017/09/27/fsb-i-rosgvardiia-priniali-na-vooruzhenie-unikalnye-vintovki-tochnost.html
  8. ^ "Modern Firearms". Archived from the original on 14 September 2010. Retrieved 13 November 2014. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  9. ^ H, Hrachya. "Russia Adopts the RPK-16 Light Machine Gun". The Firearm Blog. Retrieved 2018-02-10.
  10. ^ Operator's Manual for AK-47 Assault Rifle Archived 2005-03-02 at the National and University Library of Iceland. Department of the Army
  11. ^ admin. "ОАО "Конструкторское бюро приборостроения" - Пехотный огнемет "Рысь"". Retrieved 28 December 2016.
  12. ^ admin. "KBP Instrument Design Bureau - Metis-M1". Retrieved 28 December 2016.
  13. ^ TulaKirill (21 August 2010). "anti-tank system METIS M-1 (противотанковый комплекс Метис - М1)". Retrieved 28 December 2016 – via YouTube.
  14. ^ "Kornet". Retrieved 28 December 2016.

External linksEdit