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KSTU

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KSTU, virtual channel 13 (UHF digital channel 28), is a Fox-affiliated television station licensed to Salt Lake City, Utah, United States. The station is owned by the Tribune Broadcasting subsidiary of the Tribune Media Company. KSTU's studios are located on West Amelia Earhart Drive in the northwestern section of Salt Lake City, and its transmitter is located on Farnsworth Peak in the Oquirrh Mountains, southwest of Salt Lake City. The station has a large network of broadcast translators that extend its over-the-air coverage throughout Utah, as well as portions of Nevada.

KSTU
KSTU Fox 13 logo.jpg
Salt Lake City, Utah
United States
BrandingFox 13 (general)
Fox 13 News (newscasts)
SloganConnect
ChannelsDigital: 28 (UHF)
Virtual: 13 (PSIP)
Affiliations
OwnerTribune Broadcasting
(KSTU License, LLC)
First air dateOctober 24, 1978 (40 years ago) (1978-10-24)
(original license)
November 9, 1987 (31 years ago) (1987-11-09)
(current license)
Call letters' meaningSpringfield Television of Utah
(original owners)
Former channel number(s)
  • Analog:
  • 20 (UHF, 1978–1987)
  • 13 (VHF, 1987–2009)
Former affiliations
Transmitter power350 kW
Height1,210 m (3,970 ft)
Facility ID22215
Transmitter coordinates40°39′32.8″N 112°12′10.8″W / 40.659111°N 112.203000°W / 40.659111; -112.203000Coordinates: 40°39′32.8″N 112°12′10.8″W / 40.659111°N 112.203000°W / 40.659111; -112.203000
Licensing authorityFCC
Public license information:Profile
CDBS
Websitefox13now.com

Contents

HistoryEdit

As an independent stationEdit

The station first signed on the air on October 24, 1978 under the ownership of Massachusetts-based Springfield Television, which also owned NBC affiliate WWLP in Springfield, Massachusetts and ABC affiliate WKEF in Dayton, Ohio. It was the first independent station in Utah, as well as the first new commercial station to sign on in the area since KUTV (channel 2) hit the airwaves 24 years earlier.

Salt Lake City had a fairly long wait for an independent station compared to other cities of its size; it had been big enough on paper to support one since the early 1960s. However, the Salt Lake City market covers all of Utah and large slices of Nevada and Wyoming, forcing all of the major stations to build a large network of low-power translators to cover it. The costs associated with building a translator network scared off most prospective investors until the 1970s. By the mid-1970s, however, cable television—a must for acceptable television in much of Utah, even in today's digital era—had gotten enough penetration in the market to lessen the need for translators and make an independent station viable.

The station originally broadcast on UHF channel 20 using a transmitter originally used for WWLP's partial satellite, WRLP-TV in Greenfield, Massachusetts (which closed down shortly before KSTU's sign-on). KSTU's programming at the time was typical for an independent station—cartoons, off-network classic sitcoms, classic movies, and drama series. The Springfield Television group was sold to Adams Communications in 1984. On October 6, 1986, the station became a charter affiliate of Fox. However, like most Fox affiliates early in the network's history, it was still essentially programmed as an independent. Fox initially ran only late night programming at launch and when it added primetime programming in April 1987, it only aired such programs on Saturdays and Sundays (it wasn't until 1993 that Fox would broadcast programming on every day of the week).

A new licenseEdit

In 1980, the Federal Communications Commission added a new VHF allocation on channel 13 to the Salt Lake City market. Five groups submitted applications for a permit to build a television station on that allocation in May 1981. The FCC held evidentiary hearings with the competing applicants in 1984, and in 1985, announced the winning applicant. The second-place applicant, locally owned Mountain West Television Company, or MWT Company, appealed the FCC decision, but lost the appeal. When that failed, MWT Company proposed a buyout of the other four competing interests, including the winning applicants. The strategy succeeded and was carried out in November 1986. At the same time, Mountain West entered into a limited partnership agreement with Northstar Communications, which was partly owned by Allstate, and a new company, called MWT, Ltd., was formed. On January 20, 1987, the FCC awarded the original construction permit for a new station on channel 13 to MWT, Ltd., under the calls KTMW. Buying equipment for the new station soon proved difficult.

Meanwhile, Adams Communications was undergoing serious financial difficulties and decided to sell off its stations. There were few takers for channel 20, however. Under the circumstances, it was very receptive to an offer from MWT to buy KSTU's assets for $30 million. Adams was able to make a considerable profit on the deal, while MWT was able to get the equipment it needed at a substantial discount. The two parties reached a sales agreement in July, the sale was approved by the FCC in September, and the transaction was finalized on October 23, 1987.

On November 9, 1987; MWT moved the channel 20 intellectual unit (call letters, staff, programming and Fox affiliation) to channel 13. It also returned the channel 20 license to the FCC on the same day. As a result, the FCC reckons the current KSTU as a separate station from the old channel 20. MWT went on the air with the new KSTU on channel 13 under Program Test Authority. It requested a license to cover the CP on November 16, which was duly granted on March 7, 1988. The purchase of KSTU, however, put a financial strain on MWT, namely on the old Mountain West partners. In May 1988, Mountain West sold its interest in KSTU to Northstar. The station rebranded as Fox 13 by 1989.

Fox takes overEdit

Northstar sold KSTU to Fox Television Stations the next year, making it a Fox owned-and-operated station, and the first network-owned station in Utah. Unlike its rival stations, which have changed networks over the years, KSTU was the only VHF commercial station in Salt Lake City that has remained affiliated with the same network since that network's inception; only KTVX (channel 4), originally an NBC affiliate, has been affiliated with ABC longer than KSTU has been a Fox affiliate.

Incidentally, when Fox Television Stations acquired the television station group owned by KTVX's then-parent Chris-Craft Industries on August 12, 2000[1] KTVX was one of two stations that the company traded to Clear Channel Communications (as part of a swap with WFTC in MinneapolisSt. Paul). It was forced to sell KTVX due to FCC regulations prohibiting one company from owning two of the four highest-rated stations in a single market, as well as the fact that the station was in the middle of a long-term affiliation contract with ABC.

The station replaced most of the classic sitcoms on its lineup with talk shows in the mid-1990s. The station added additional syndicated programming in 2002, once Fox dropped the Fox Kids weekday children's block nationally. In 2006, KSTU migrated its website to Fox Interactive Media's MyFox web platform; it also introduced a new logo, in a style in line with the other Fox O&O stations. However, the Times New Roman "13," which the station has used since 1997, was retained (unlike WHBQ-TV in Memphis, which switched to a "13" resembling that used by its Tampa sister station WTVT). KSTU was one of two network-owned stations in the Salt Lake City market from 1995 to 2007, when CBS sold KUTV (channel 2) to Four Points Media Group, a subsidiary of private-equity group Cerberus Capital Management.

Local TV and Tribune ownershipEdit

On June 13, 2007, Fox sold KSTU and seven other owned-and-operated stations[2] to Local TV (a subsidiary of another private equity firm Oak Hill Capital Partners), which had acquired the former broadcasting division of The New York Times Company the previous year. The sale was finalized on July 14, 2008. On July 1, 2013, the Tribune Company (which formed a management company that operated both Tribune and Local TV's stations in 2008) acquired the Local TV stations for $2.75 billion;[3] the sale was completed on December 27.[4][5]

 
2008–2016 logo

Aborted sale to Sinclair Broadcast Group; possible sale to FoxEdit

On May 8, 2017, Hunt Valley, Maryland-based Sinclair Broadcast Group—owner of KUTV, independent station KJZZ-TV (channel 14), and St. George-based MyNetworkTV affiliate KMYU (channel 12)—entered into an agreement to acquire Tribune Media for $3.9 billion, plus the assumption of $2.7 billion in debt held by Tribune. While KMYU (due to contours that do not overlap) and KJZZ (not ranking in the top four in ratings) are not in conflict with existing FCC in-market ownership rules and would be retained by Sinclair in any event, the group is precluded from acquiring KSTU directly as broadcasters are not currently allowed to legally own more than two full-power television stations in a single market (without satellite exemptions) and both KUTV and KSTU rank among the four highest-rated stations in the Salt Lake City market in total day viewership (Sinclair CEO Christopher Ripley cited Salt Lake City as one of three markets, out of fourteen where ownership conflicts exist between the two groups, where the proposed acquisition would most likely result in divestitures).[6][7][8][9][10]

Sinclair later announced that it would keep its existing assets and sell KSTU to a third party to be determined later, and reports speculated that Sinclair would sell KSTU back to Fox Television Stations.[11][12] On April 24, 2018, Sinclair announced that KSTU would be one of 23 stations sold to obtain approval for the merger, though it was one of seven stations for which a buyer was not disclosed (KMYU will concurrently be acquired by Howard Stirk Holdings).[13] On May 9, 2018, it was officially announced that Fox Television Stations would buy back KSTU, as part of a $910-million deal that also involved six other Tribune-owned stations (Fox affiliates KTXL/Sacramento, KCPQ/Seattle, KDVR/Denver, WJW/Cleveland and KSWB-TV/San Diego, and CW affiliate WSFL-TV/Miami).[14]

Three weeks after the FCC's July 18 vote to have the deal reviewed by an administrative law judge amid "serious concerns" about Sinclair's forthrightness in its applications to sell certain conflict properties, on August 9, 2018, Tribune announced it would terminate the Sinclair deal, intending to seek other M&A opportunities. Tribune also filed a breach of contract lawsuit in the Delaware Chancery Court, alleging that Sinclair engaged in protracted negotiations with the FCC and the U.S. Department of Justice's Antitrust Division over regulatory issues, refused to sell stations in markets where it already had properties, and proposed divestitures to parties with ties to Sinclair executive chair David D. Smith that were rejected or highly subject to rejection to maintain control over stations it was required to sell. The termination of the Sinclair sale agreement places uncertainty for the future of Fox's purchases of KSTU and the other six Tribune stations included in that deal, which were predicated on the closure of the Sinclair–Tribune merger.[15][16][17][18][19][20][21][22][23][24][25][26]

Digital televisionEdit

Digital channelsEdit

The station's digital channel is multiplexed:

Channel Video Aspect PSIP Short Name Programming[27]
13.1 720p 16:9 KSTU-HD Main KSTU programming / Fox
13.2 480i 4:3 ANTTV Antenna TV
13.3 STADIUM Stadium
13.4 16:9 CHARGE Charge!

KSTU became a charter affiliate of Tribune Broadcasting's Antenna TV upon its launch on January 1, 2011, it is carried on digital subchannel 13.2.[28]

On December 29, 2017, KSTU added Charge! on digital subchannel 13.4.

On January 12, 2018, KSTU replaced Justice Network with Stadium on digital subchannel 13.3.

Analog-to-digital conversionEdit

KSTU shut down its analog signal, over VHF channel 13, on June 12, 2009, as part of the federally mandated transition from analog to digital television.[29] The station's digital signal remained on its pre-transition UHF channel 28,[30] using PSIP to display KSTU's virtual channel as 13 on digital television receivers.

News operationEdit

KSTU presently broadcasts 54 hours of locally produced newscasts each week (with 9 hours on weekdays and 4½ hours on weekends); in regards to the number of hours devoted to news programming, it is the highest local newscast output among Utah's television stations. KSTU's Saturday and Sunday 5 p.m. newscasts are subject to preemption due to network sports coverage, as is standard with Fox stations that carry early evening weekend newscasts.

The station launched its news department on December 31, 1991, with the debut of a half-hour 9 p.m. newscast; KSTU added a three-hour weekday morning newscast, titled Good Day Utah, in 1996, replacing morning cartoons. In 2005, the station launched a midday newscast at 11 a.m. In August 2008, KSTU entered into a strategic alliance with news/talk radio station KNRS-FM (105.7 FM), in which KSTU meteorologists provide weather reports to KNRS, while KSTU reporters are often heard during KNRS newscasts and talk shows. In September 2008, KSTU debuted an hour-long early evening newscast at 5:00 p.m.

On August 17, 2009, the station expanded its midday newscast to 90 minutes by adding a half-hour newscast at noon, following its existing hour-long 11:00 a.m. newscast.[31] On January 23, 2010, KSTU debuted a 90-minute weekend morning newscast from 7:30–9:00 a.m.[32] In January 2013, KSTU expanded its weekend morning newscast by one hour to 6:30 a.m. On April 23, 2012, KSTU became the fourth (and last) major network station in Utah to begin broadcasting its local newscasts in high definition.[33] In September 2013, KSTU debuted an hour-long 4 p.m. newscast, which competes with hour-long newscasts on KUTV and KTVX.

Notable former on-air staffEdit

TranslatorsEdit

KSTU extends its coverage throughout the entire state of Utah (with a rebroadcaster KKRP-LD channel 46 – formerly KSTG in Saint George, Utah), plus parts of Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Nevada, and Wyoming, using a network of community-owned translator television stations listed below.

List of translators
Translators of KSTU
Call sign Community of license Additional Information
KKRP-LD St. George, Utah FCC
K02NU Cedar City, Utah FCC
K06KO Kanarraville, Utah FCC
K06MM Bluff, Utah FCC
K07XM-D Mink Creek, Idaho FCC
K10PB-D Montezuma Creek-Aneth, Utah FCC
K10PN-D Cedar City, Utah FCC
K12PN-D Cedar Canyon, Utah FCC
K14PA-D Juab County, Utah FCC
K15CD-D Mayfield, Utah FCC
K15FQ-D Milford, Utah FCC
K15HN-D Bluff, Utah FCC
K16BT-D Orderville, Utah FCC
K17HM-D Wendover, Utah FCC
K17HR-D Emery, Utah FCC
K18FZ Orangeville, Utah FCC
K18HZ-D Navajo Mountain, Utah FCC
K18IA-D Oljeto, Utah FCC
K18IB-D Mexican Hat, Utah FCC
Translators of KSTU
Call sign Community of license Additional Information
K19HU-D Montezuma Creek, Utah FCC
K21CE-D Montpelier, Idaho FCC
K21FL-D Salina, Utah FCC
K21HH-D Preston, Idaho FCC
K21ID-D Fremont, Utah FCC
K21JV-D Green River, Utah FCC
K22DE Tooele, Utah FCC
K23JA-D Malad City, Idaho FCC
K23JZ-D Boulder, Utah FCC
K23LH-D Cortez, Colorado FCC
K24IG-D Woodland, Utah FCC
K25GY-D Beryl, Utah FCC
K25HF-D Heber City, Utah FCC
K25HH-D Myton, Utah FCC
K25JG-D Leamington, Utah FCC
K25JJ-D Fillmore, Utah FCC
K25KK-D Peoa, Utah FCC
K25OI-D Soda Springs, Idaho FCC
K26JM-D Ferron, Utah FCC
K26JN-D Huntington, Utah FCC
K27KH-D Orderville, Utah FCC
K28GM-D Garfield County, Utah FCC
K28JK Huntsville, Utah FCC
K28JL-D Morgan, Utah FCC
Translators of KSTU
Call sign Community of license Additional Information
K28JS-D Samak, Utah FCC
K28KP-D Clear Creek, Utah FCC
K28KS-D East Price, Utah FCC
K29EM-D Manti, Utah FCC
K29EP Morgan, Utah FCC
K29GJ-D Tropic, Utah FCC
K29HN-D Escalante, Utah FCC
K29HX-D Wanship, Utah FCC
K29JQ-D Fish Lake Resort, Utah FCC
K30JG-D Randolph, Utah FCC
K30KG-D Coalville, Utah FCC
K31GT-D Scipio, Utah FCC
K31KN-D Caineville, Utah FCC
K32HN-D Circleville, Utah FCC
K35CK-D Price, Utah FCC
K35OP-D Park City, Utah FCC
K36AK-D Blanding, Utah FCC
K38GF-D Beaver, Utah FCC
K38GQ-D Hatch, Utah FCC
K39KF-D East Carbon County, Utah FCC
K40AB-D Richfield, Utah FCC
Translators of KSTU
Call sign Community of license Additional Information
K40CH-D Parowan, Utah FCC
K40IX-D Antimony, Utah FCC
K40JM-D Kanab, Utah FCC
K41GA Sevier County, Utah FCC
K41LE-D Fountain Green, Utah FCC
K41LY-D Sevier County, Utah FCC
K42HQ Delta, Utah FCC
K42JU-D Bicknell, Utah FCC
K43AA-D Summit County, Utah FCC
K43CC-D Santa Clara, Utah FCC
K43GN Delta, Utah FCC
K43KM-D Koosharem, Utah FCC
K43MV-D Marysvale, Utah FCC
K44FU-D Long Valley Junction, Utah FCC
K45JS-D Henrieville, Utah FCC
K45JV-D Green River, Utah FCC
K46EI Fillmore, Utah FCC
K46HW-D Preston, Idaho FCC
K46IX-D Roosevelt, Utah FCC
K46JC-D Kanarraville, Utah FCC
K46JI-D Panguitch, Utah FCC
K47AB-D Garfield, Utah FCC
Translators of KSTU
Call sign Community of license Additional Information
K47AN Duchesne, Utah FCC
K47HD Emery, Utah FCC
K47KE Huntsville, Utah FCC
K48GR-D Hanksville, Utah FCC
K48GV-D Laketown, Utah FCC
K48IL-D Mount Pleasant, Utah FCC
K48KK-D Orangeville, Utah FCC
K49JQ-D Garrison, etc., Utah FCC
K49KY-D Scofield, Utah FCC
K50GO Roosevelt, Utah FCC
K50MN-D Helper, Utah FCC
K51AO Vernal, Utah FCC
K51GA-D Logan, Utah FCC

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Hofmeister, Sallie (August 12, 2000). "News Corp. to Buy Chris-Craft Parent for $5.5 Billion, Outbidding Viacom". The Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 23 March 2011.
  2. ^ News Corporation
  3. ^ Channick, Robert (July 1, 2013). "Acquisition to make Tribune Co. largest U.S. TV station operator". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved July 1, 2013.
  4. ^ Company Completes Final Steps of Transaction Announced in July Archived 2013-12-28 at the Wayback Machine., Tribune Company, December 27, 2013.
  5. ^ Tribune Closes Local TV Holdings Purchase, TVNewsCheck, December 27, 2013.
  6. ^ Stephen Battaglio (May 8, 2017). "Sinclair Broadcast Group to buy Tribune Media for $3.9 billion plus debt". Los Angeles Times. Tronc. Retrieved June 6, 2017.
  7. ^ Cynthia Littleton (May 8, 2017). "Sinclair Broadcast Group Sets $3.9 Billion Deal to Acquire Tribune Media". Variety. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved June 6, 2017.
  8. ^ Todd Frankel (May 8, 2017). "Sinclair Broadcast to buy Tribune Media for $3.9 billion, giving it control over 215 local TV stations". The Washington Post. Nash Holdings, LLC. Retrieved June 6, 2017.
  9. ^ Liana Baker; Jessica Toonkel (May 7, 2017). "Sinclair Broadcast nears deal for Tribune Media". Reuters. Retrieved June 6, 2017.
  10. ^ Harry A. Jessell; Mark K. Miller (May 8, 2017). "The New Sinclair: 72% Coverage + WGNA". TVNewsCheck. NewsCheck Media.
  11. ^ https://licensing.fcc.gov/cdbs/CDBS_Attachment/getattachment.jsp?appn=101779327&qnum=5140&copynum=1&exhcnum=3
  12. ^ Littleton, Cynthia (February 22, 2018). "21st Century Fox Finalizing Deal With Sinclair to Acquire Six TV Stations (EXCLUSIVE)". Variety. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved February 22, 2018.
  13. ^ Jessell, Harry A. (April 24, 2018). "Sinclair Spins Off 23 TVs To Grease Trib Deal". TVNewsCheck. Retrieved April 24, 2018.
  14. ^ Hayes, Dade (May 9, 2018). "21st Century Fox Buys Seven Local TV Stations From Sinclair For $910 Million". Deadline Hollywood. Penske Media Corporation. Retrieved May 9, 2018.
  15. ^ Todd Shields (July 16, 2018). "Sinclair and Tribune Fall as FCC Slams TV Station Sale Plan". Bloomberg News. Retrieved July 19, 2018.
  16. ^ Harper Neidig (July 16, 2018). "FCC chair rejects Sinclair-Tribune merger". The Hill. Capitol Hill Publishing Corp. Retrieved August 9, 2018.
  17. ^ Robert Feder (July 16, 2018). "FCC throws Sinclair/Tribune deal in doubt". RobertFeder.com. Retrieved August 9, 2018.
  18. ^ Benjamin Hart (July 16, 2018). "FCC Throws Wrench Into Sinclair Media Megadeal". New York. New York Media, LLC. Retrieved August 9, 2018.
  19. ^ Edmund Lee (July 18, 2018). "Sinclair Tries to Appease F.C.C., but Its Tribune Bid Is Challenged". The New York Times. The New York Times Company. Retrieved August 9, 2018.
  20. ^ Lorraine Mirabella (July 18, 2018). "FCC orders hearing even as Sinclair changes plans to sell TV stations to address concerns about Tribune deal". Baltimore Sun. Tronc. Retrieved August 9, 2018.
  21. ^ "Tribune Terminates $3.9 Billion Sinclair Merger, Sues Broadcast Rival". The Wall Street Journal. News Corp. August 9, 2018.
  22. ^ Mark K. Miller (August 9, 2018). "Tribune Kills Sinclair Merger, Files Suit". TVNewsCheck. NewsCheck Media.
  23. ^ Christopher Dinsmore (August 9, 2018). "Tribune Media pulls out of Sinclair Broadcast merger". Baltimore Sun. Tronc.
  24. ^ Edmund Lee; Amie Tsang (August 9, 2018). "Tribune Ends Deal With Sinclair, Dashing Plan for Conservative TV Behemoth". The New York Times. The New York Times Company.
  25. ^ Jon Lafayette (August 9, 2018). "Tribune Ends Deal with Sinclair, Files Breach of Contract Suit". Broadcasting & Cable. NewBay Media.
  26. ^ Brian Fung; Tony Romm (August 9, 2018). "Tribune withdraws from Sinclair merger, saying it will sue for 'breach of contract'". The Washington Post. Nash Holdings LLC.
  27. ^ RabbitEars TV Query for KSTU
  28. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-11-27. Retrieved 2016-03-04.
  29. ^ List of Digital Full-Power Stations Archived 2013-08-29 at the Wayback Machine.
  30. ^ http://www.sltrib.com/news/ci_11665656
  31. ^ http://www.sltrib.com/slc/ci_12901482
  32. ^ http://www.fox13now.com/news/kstu-good-day-utah-weekend-edition-launches-this,0,1813680.story
  33. ^ http://www.sltrib.com/sltrib/lifestyle/53955739-80/news-fox-station-studio.html.csp

External linksEdit