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Garfield County is a county in south central Utah, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census the population was 5,172,[1] making it the fifth-least populous county in Utah. Its county seat and largest city is Panguitch.[2]

Garfield County, Utah
Garfield County, Utah courthouse.jpg
Garfield County Courthouse in Panguitch, December 2006
Map of Utah highlighting Garfield County
Location within the U.S. state of Utah
Map of the United States highlighting Utah
Utah's location within the U.S.
37°52′N 111°26′W / 37.87°N 111.44°W / 37.87; -111.44Coordinates: 37°52′N 111°26′W / 37.87°N 111.44°W / 37.87; -111.44
FoundedMarch 9, 1882
Named forJames A. Garfield
SeatPanguitch
Largest cityPanguitch
Area
 • Total5,208 sq mi (13,489 km2)
 • Land5,175 sq mi (13,403 km2)
 • Water33 sq mi (85 km2), 0.6%
Population (est.)
 • (2017)5,078
 • Density0.98/sq mi (0.38/km2)
Congressional district2nd
Time zoneMountain: UTC−7/−6
Websitegarfield.utah.gov

Contents

HistoryEdit

The Utah Territory legislature created the county on March 9, 1882, with areas partitioned from Iron County It was named for James A. Garfield, the twentieth President of the United States, who had died six months earlier.[3] The border with Iron County was adjusted in 1884, and Garfield County's boundaries have remained intact since then.[4]

GeographyEdit

The Colorado River, flowing southwestward through a deep gorge, forms the eastern boundary. The Dirty Devil River flows southward through the east end of the county to discharge into the Colorado at the county's border. Westward, the cliffs of tributary canyons give way to the barren stretches of the San Rafael Desert, beyond which a variety of mountains, plateaus and canyons make up the terrain. Most of Bryce Canyon National Park lies in the southwestern part of the county and the northern half of the Grand Staircase-Escalante National Monument occupies the middle of the county. A large portion of Capitol Reef National Park lies in the east-central part of the county. A very small part of Canyonlands National Park lies in the northeast corner of the county. The terrain of Garfield County is arid, rough, and carved with erosion.[5] The county terrain generally slopes to the south and to the east. The county's highest point is Mount Ellen, in Canyonlands,[6] near the county's north border, at 11,522' (3512m) ASL.[7] The county has a total area of 5,208 square miles (13,490 km2), of which 5,175 square miles (13,400 km2) is land and 33 square miles (85 km2) (0.6%) is water.[8] It is the fifth-largest county in Utah by area.

Airports[5]Edit

  • Bryce Canyon Airport (BCE)

Major highways[5]Edit

  •   US Highway 89
  • Utah Highway 12
  • Utah Highway 22
  • Utah Highway 63
  • Utah Highway 95
  • Utah Highway 143
  • Utah Highway 276

Adjacent countiesEdit

Protected areas[5]Edit

Lakes[5]Edit

  • Lake Powell (part)
  • Panguitch Lake
  • Wide Hollow Reservoir

DemographicsEdit

Census Pop.
18902,457
19003,40038.4%
19103,6607.6%
19204,76830.3%
19304,642−2.6%
19405,25313.2%
19504,151−21.0%
19603,577−13.8%
19703,157−11.7%
19803,67316.3%
19903,9808.4%
20004,73519.0%
20105,1729.2%
Est. 20175,078[9]−1.8%
US Decennial Census[10]
1790–1960[11] 1900–1990[12]
1990–2000[13] 2010–2014[1]

2000 censusEdit

As of the 2000 United States Census, there were 4,735 people, 1,576 households, and 1,199 families in the county. The population density was 0.91/sqmi (0.35/km²). There were 2,767 housing units at an average density of 0.53/sqmi (0.21/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 94.95% White, 0.17% Black or African American, 1.84% Native American, 0.40% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 1.12% from other races, and 1.48% from two or more races. 2.87% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 1,576 households out of which 38.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 66.40% were married couples living together, 6.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.90% were non-families. 20.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.92 and the average family size was 3.43.

The county population contained 32.60% under the age of 18, 7.80% from 18 to 24, 23.10% from 25 to 44, 22.40% from 45 to 64, and 14.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 104.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 102.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $35,180, and the median income for a family was $40,192. Males had a median income of $30,239 versus $20,408 for females. The per capita income for the county was $13,439. About 6.10% of families and 8.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.80% of those under age 18 and 10.40% of those age 65 or over.

As of 2010 the largest self-identified ancestry groups in Garfield County are:

  • English - 46.2%
  • German - 14.8%
  • Irish - 10.1%
  • Danish - 6.6%
  • Scottish - 4.9%
  • Welsh - 3.9%
  • Scotch-Irish - 2.5%
  • Swedish - 2.3%
  • Norwegian - 2.2%[14]

PoliticsEdit

Garfield County has traditionally voted Republican. In no national election since 1936 has the county selected the Democratic Party candidate (as of 2016).

Presidential election results
Presidential elections results[15]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 68.5% 1,606 15.3% 358 16.2% 380
2012 84.0% 1,832 14.1% 308 1.9% 42
2008 78.4% 1,710 18.6% 405 3.1% 67
2004 85.5% 1,848 12.2% 264 2.3% 50
2000 87.4% 1,719 9.0% 178 3.6% 71
1996 72.0% 1,330 15.3% 283 12.7% 234
1992 62.3% 1,235 15.6% 309 22.1% 439
1988 79.3% 1,470 20.0% 370 0.8% 15
1984 83.2% 1,609 16.3% 315 0.6% 11
1980 78.3% 1,578 18.6% 375 3.1% 62
1976 65.5% 1,163 30.4% 539 4.2% 74
1972 80.5% 1,290 15.1% 242 4.4% 71
1968 69.5% 1,033 21.1% 314 9.4% 140
1964 55.5% 821 44.5% 658
1960 69.7% 1,083 30.3% 471
1956 76.0% 1,115 24.1% 353
1952 69.1% 1,065 30.9% 477
1948 59.0% 924 41.0% 642 0.1% 1
1944 60.1% 842 39.9% 559 0.1% 1
1940 55.9% 1,030 44.1% 814
1936 47.5% 842 52.4% 928 0.1% 2
1932 68.4% 1,125 30.0% 493 1.6% 26
1928 75.6% 1,024 24.0% 325 0.4% 5
1924 69.6% 823 26.0% 308 4.4% 52
1920 71.5% 1,023 27.5% 393 1.1% 15
1916 37.5% 516 61.3% 843 1.2% 17
1912 62.6% 673 23.2% 249 14.2% 153
1908 68.5% 722 27.5% 290 4.0% 42
1904 70.1% 679 26.0% 252 3.8% 37
1900 62.2% 649 37.8% 395
1896 28.8% 249 71.2% 615

Communities[5]Edit

 
Communities in Garfield County, Utah

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 6, 2011. Retrieved December 29, 2013.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 134.
  4. ^ Newberry Library - Individual County Chronologies/Garfield County UT (accessed March 28, 2019)
  5. ^ a b c d e f Garfield County UT Google Maps (accessed 28 March 2019)
  6. ^ Mount Ellen Peak Google Maps (accessed 28 March 2019)
  7. ^ Utah County High Points/Garfield County. Peakbagger (accessed 29 March 2019)
  8. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". US Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved March 27, 2015.
  9. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved March 13, 2019.
  10. ^ "US Decennial Census". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved March 27, 2015.
  11. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved March 27, 2015.
  12. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". US Census Bureau. Retrieved March 27, 2015.
  13. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). US Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved March 27, 2015.
  14. ^ Bureau, US Census. "American FactFinder - Results". factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved March 31, 2018.
  15. ^ Leip, David. "Atlas of US Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved March 31, 2018.

External linksEdit