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Juvisy-sur-Orge

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Juvisy-sur-Orge (French pronunciation: ​[ʒyvizi syʁ ɔʁʒ]) is a commune in the Essonne department in Île-de-France in northern France. It is located 18 km south-east of Paris.

Juvisy-sur-Orge
The Camille Flammarion Observatory in Juvisy-sur-Orge
The Camille Flammarion Observatory in Juvisy-sur-Orge
Coat of arms of Juvisy-sur-Orge
Coat of arms
Location of Juvisy-sur-Orge
Juvisy-sur-Orge is located in France
Juvisy-sur-Orge
Juvisy-sur-Orge
Juvisy-sur-Orge is located in Île-de-France (region)
Juvisy-sur-Orge
Juvisy-sur-Orge
Coordinates: 48°41′20″N 2°22′42″E / 48.6889°N 2.3783°E / 48.6889; 2.3783Coordinates: 48°41′20″N 2°22′42″E / 48.6889°N 2.3783°E / 48.6889; 2.3783
CountryFrance
RegionÎle-de-France
DepartmentEssonne
ArrondissementPalaiseau
CantonAthis-Mons
IntercommunalityGrand Paris
Government
 • Mayor (2014–2020) Robin Reda
Area
1
2.24 km2 (0.86 sq mi)
Population
 (2016-01-01)[1]
16,507
 • Density7,400/km2 (19,000/sq mi)
Demonym(s)French: juvisien(ne)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
91326 /91260
Elevation32–92 m (105–302 ft)
(avg. 36 m or 118 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

The site of the town has been occupied from ancient times; it is noted in Julius Caesar's book about the Gallic Wars. Centuries later, it became an important place under the French monarchy, as a royal hotel. It would also be used as a post relay, the first one on the road to Fontainebleau. It became a major road and railway junction in the 1840s after its railway station was built in 1840, and after 1893 was the first city surrounding Paris with a bridge crossing the river Seine.

Most of the city was destroyed in April 1944 by an Allied bombing as the city was the only one surrounding Paris that had such a big railway station and had railway lines going to most of France's major cities. It was then rebuilt between 1945 and the 1970s.

The city is today known for Gare de Juvisy, the fourth largest and most-frequented railway station in the Paris area.[citation needed]

GeographyEdit

Neighboring communes:

The city is located 18 km south from Paris. You can have access from the National Road N°.7 (Route nationale 7) and is 10 km north of Évry.

TransportsEdit

Juvisy-sur-Orge is served by Juvisy station on Paris RER (Réseau express régional, i.e. Regional Express Network) lines C and D

HistoryEdit

Starting from 1883, Juvisy-sur-Orge is the location of astronomer Camille Flammarion's observatory, which today belongs to the Société astronomique de France. The town is also the site of the 1740 Pyramid erected to memorialize the work of Jean Picard and Nicolas Louis de Lacaille in measuring the Earth's circumference.

It is the burial site of author Raymond Queneau, also now represented by the Bibliothèque-Médiathèque Raymond Queneau.[2]

Notable peopleEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Populations légales 2016". INSEE. Retrieved 25 April 2019.
  2. ^ Landru, Philippe (31 December 2008). "JUVISY-SUR-ORGE (91) : ancien cimetière". Landru Cimetieres (in French). Retrieved 1 May 2019.
  3. ^ Riggs, Thomas (2001). Contemporary theatre, film, and television. Gale Research Company. p. 6. ISBN 9780787651091.
  4. ^ "Efemérides de la música popular, 13 de octubre". Efe Eme (in Spanish). 13 October 2018. Retrieved 1 May 2019.
  5. ^ Birnbaum, Michael (9 January 2015). "Who is kosher market suspect Amedy Coulibaly?". Washington Post. Retrieved 1 May 2019.

External linksEdit