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Sir John William Frederic Nott KCB (born 1 February 1932) is a former British Conservative Party politician prominent in the late 1970s and early 1980s. He featured heavily in the public eye as Secretary of State for Defence during the Argentine invasion of the Falkland Islands and the subsequent Falklands War.
Sir John Nott
|Secretary of State for Defence|
5 January 1981 – 6 January 1983
|Prime Minister||Margaret Thatcher|
|Preceded by||Francis Pym|
|Succeeded by||Michael Heseltine|
|Secretary of State for Trade|
4 May 1979 – 5 January 1981
|Prime Minister||Margaret Thatcher|
|Preceded by||John Smith|
|Succeeded by||John Biffen|
|Member of Parliament|
for St Ives
31 March 1966 – 9 June 1983
|Preceded by||Greville Howard|
|Succeeded by||David Harris|
|Born||1 February 1932|
Bideford, Devon, England
|Alma mater||Bradfield College|
Trinity College, Cambridge
|Branch/service|| British Army|
• 2nd Gurkha Rifles
|Years of service||1952–1956|
Born in Bideford, Devon, the son of Richard Nott and Phyllis (née Francis), Nott was educated at Bradfield College and was commissioned as a regular officer in the 2nd Gurkha Rifles (1952–1956). He served in the Malayan emergency after a period of service with the Royal Scots. He left to study law and economics at Trinity College, Cambridge, where he was President of the Cambridge Union Society. He was called to the Bar at the Inner Temple in 1959. At Cambridge he met his future wife Miloska, a Slovene. Lady Nott was awarded an OBE in 2012 for her humanitarian work. They have two sons and a daughter.
Member of ParliamentEdit
Nott was Member of Parliament for St Ives in Cornwall from 1966 to 1983. He was the last person to commence his parliamentary career under the nearly obsolete National Liberal label. The National Liberals were formally absorbed by the Conservatives in 1968, after which Nott sat as a Conservative MP.
Nott served in the early 1970s government of Prime Minister Ted Heath as Economic Secretary to the Treasury. He joined the shadow cabinet in 1976 and the Cabinet when Margaret Thatcher won the 1979 general election. With this appointment to the cabinet, he was made a Privy Counsellor. He served first as Secretary of State for Trade which incorporated The Department of Prices & Consumer Affairs. Nott was responsible for repealing the Prices & Incomes policy and played a leading role in the abolition of Exchange Control. The Department of Trade also covered responsibility for Shipping and Aviation. Nott announced the privatisation of British Airways, the first privatisation of the Thatcher Government. He was moved to Defence in the reshuffle of January 1981.
He was widely criticised by the Royal Navy chiefs over the 1981 Defence White Paper for his decision to cut back on government naval expenditure during the severe economic recession of the early 1980s; the cuts originally included the proposed scrapping of the Antarctic patrol ship HMS Endurance and the reduction of the Surface Fleet to 50 frigates and from three to two Aircraft Carriers. He switched the resultant savings into nuclear submarines, naval weapon systems and air defence. He announced and took through Parliament the upgrading of the nuclear deterrent to the current Trident system (D5).
Resignation and retirementEdit
Nott offered his resignation as Defence Secretary to Thatcher following the Argentinian invasion of the Falklands in March 1982. Unlike then Foreign Secretary Lord Carrington, however, the resignation was not accepted. Nott remained Secretary of State for Defence throughout the four-month conflict. He was eventually replaced by Michael Heseltine in January 1983 when Nott announced he would not seek re-election in 1983. In the same year, he was knighted, as a Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath.
In 1985, he became chairman and chief executive of the banking firm Lazard Brothers, retiring in 1989. He was chairman of Hillsdown Holdings, a multi-national food company, the Canadian firm Maple Leaf Foods, deputy chairman of Royal Insurance and other companies. He was an adviser to APAX Partners and Freshfields. He is a supporter of Brexit, the move to leave the European Union. He lives on his farm at St Erth in Cornwall.
Nott's son, Julian Nott, is a film composer, screenwriter and director, most famous for writing the scores for the Wallace & Gromit and Peppa Pig animated short films. Nott's other son, William, works for an international oil company in London. Nott's daughter, Sasha, is married to the Member of Parliament for East Devon, Hugo Swire.
The title of Nott's autobiography Here Today, Gone Tomorrow is a reference to an interview conducted by Sir Robin Day in October 1982. Day described Nott, who had already announced or was shortly to announce that he would not stand at the next election, as "a transient, here-today and, if I may say so, gone-tomorrow politician." He asked whether the public should believe the MP's statements on defence cuts. Nott promptly stood up calling the interview "ridiculous", removed his microphone and walked off the set.
Nott's second book, Mr Wonderful Takes a Cruise, was published in 1988.
In 2007, he published a family history entitled Haven't We Been Here Before.
In 2012, wrote the introduction to Stephen Tyrrell's Trewinnard – A Cornish History about his home in Cornwall.
Nott's fourth book, Mr Wonderful Seeks Immortality, was published in 2014.
In the mediaEdit
European Union referendumEdit
In 2016, Nott criticised the "poisoned EU debate" in the Conservative Party, and announced he would not renew his party membership until there was change of leadership.
In popular cultureEdit
- "Janus: The Papers of Sir John Nott". cam.ac.uk.
- The Last Tycoons by William D. Cohan
- northcliffe (16 June 2011). "John Nott. Walks out of interview" – via YouTube.
- Peter Dominiczak (9 June 2016). "Margaret Thatcher's defence secretary Sir John Nott suspends Tory membership because of 'poisonous' EU campaign". Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 11 June 2016.
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
| Member of Parliament for St Ives
| Secretary of State for Trade
| Secretary of State for Defence