John 20:20 is the twentieth verse of the twentieth chapter of the Gospel of John in the New Testament. It contains the reaction the disciples to Jesus' first appearance after his resurrection and Jesus showing his hands and his side.

John 20:20
← 20:19
20:21 →
022 Resurrection of Jesus Icon from Saint Paraskevi Church in Langadas.jpg
Resurrection of Jesus. Icon from Saint Paraskevi Church in Langadas (1882).
BookGospel of John
Christian Bible partNew Testament

ContentEdit

The original Koine Greek, according to the Textus Receptus, reads:[1]

καὶ τοῦτο εἰπὼν ἔδειξεν αὐτοῖς τὰς χεῖρας καὶ τὴν πλευρὰν αὐτοῦ ἐχάρησαν οὖν οἱ μαθηταὶ ἰδόντες τὸν κύριον

In the King James Version of the Bible it is translated as:

And when he had so said, he shewed unto them his hands and his side. Then were the disciples glad, when they saw the Lord.

The modern World English Bible translates the passage as:

When he had said this, he showed them his hands and his side. The disciples therefore were glad when they saw the Lord.

For a collection of other versions see BibleHub John 20:20

Textual witnessesEdit

Some early manuscripts containing the text of this verse in Greek are:

AnalysisEdit

The account of Jesus' first appearance in the Gospel of John (20:19-23; 21:13) shows similarity to the account in the Gospel of Luke (24:36–49), that it happened in Jerusalem in the evening of his resurrection from the dead.[3]

"His hands and his side" are to identify the marks of crucifixion (Luke 24:39 adds his feet[4]); Jesus' hands had been nailed to the cross and his side pierced (John 19:34).[5] The identification, together with the greeting caused the rapid switch of the disciples' emotion from "fear" (verse 19) to "joy"/"glad" (verse 20).[6]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Greek Text Analysis: John 20:20. Biblehub
  2. ^ Philip W. Comfort and David P. Barrett. The Text of the Earliest New Testament Greek Manuscripts. Wheaton, Illinois: Tyndale House Publishers Incorporated, 2001, pp. 74-78.
  3. ^ Kieffer 2007, p. 997.
  4. ^ Carson, D. A. (1991). The Gospel According to John. Pillar New Testament commentary (reprint ed.). Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing. p. 647. ISBN 9780851117492.
  5. ^ Coogan, Michael David (2007). Coogan, Michael David; Brettler, Marc Zvi; Newsom, Carol Ann; Perkins, Pheme (eds.). The New Oxford Annotated Bible with the Apocryphal/Deuterocanonical Books: New Revised Standard Version, Issue 48 (Augmented 3rd ed.). Oxford University Press. p. 180 New Testament. ISBN 9780195288810.
  6. ^ Guthrie 1994, p. 1063.

SourcesEdit

External linksEdit

Preceded by
John 20:19
Gospel of John
Chapter 20
Succeeded by
John 20:21