John 20:21 is the twenty-first verse of the twentieth chapter of the Gospel of John in the New Testament. It records Jesus' commission to the disciples during his first appearance after the resurrection.

John 20:21
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20:22 →
Jesus appears to the disciples.jpg
Jesus appears to his disciples after he has risen. In "The life of Jesus of Nazareth: eighty pictures" (Eyre & Spottiswoode, 1906).
BookGospel of John
Christian Bible partNew Testament

ContentEdit

The original Koine Greek, according to the Textus Receptus, reads:[1]

εἶπεν οὖν αὐτοῖς ὁ Ἰησοῦς πάλιν Εἰρήνη ὑμῖν· καθὼς ἀπέσταλκέν με ὁ πατήρ κἀγὼ πέμπω ὑμᾶς

In the King James Version of the Bible it is translated as:

Then said Jesus to them again, Peace be unto you: as my Father hath sent me, even so send I you.

The modern World English Bible translates the passage as:

Jesus therefore said to them again, "Peace be to you. As the Father has sent me, even so I send you."

For a collection of other versions see BibleHub John 20:21

AnalysisEdit

The account of Jesus' first appearance in the Gospel of John (20:19-23; 21:13) shows similarity to the account in the Gospel of Luke (24:36–49), that it happened in Jerusalem in the evening of his resurrection from the dead.[2]

The words Peace be with you (Ancient Greek: Εἰρήνη ὑμῖν, Eirēnē hymin[1]) is a common traditional Jewish greeting[3] still in use today (shalom alekem or שלום לכם shalom lekom;[1] cf. 1 Samuel 25:6[4]),[5] also spoken by Jesus in John 20:19 and 26.[4]

The statement "as the Father has sent me, even so I send you" indicates that the missionary work of the disciples is dependent on the mission of Jesus, the Son of God.[6] The repetition of the words of peace gives the emphasis on the importance of this commission.[7] Each gospel records a commission from Jesus after resurrection.[5]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c Greek Text Analysis: John 20:21. Biblehub
  2. ^ Kieffer 2007, p. 997.
  3. ^ Coogan, Michael David (2007). Coogan, Michael David; Brettler, Marc Zvi; Newsom, Carol Ann; Perkins, Pheme (eds.). The New Oxford Annotated Bible with the Apocryphal/Deuterocanonical Books: New Revised Standard Version, Issue 48 (Augmented 3rd ed.). Oxford University Press. p. 180 New Testament. ISBN 9780195288810.
  4. ^ a b Köstenberger, Andreas J. (2004). John. Baker Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament. Vol. 4 (illustrated ed.). Baker Academic. p. 572. ISBN 9780801026447.
  5. ^ a b Carson, D. A. (1991). The Gospel According to John. Pillar New Testament commentary (reprint ed.). Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing. p. 647. ISBN 9780851117492.
  6. ^ Kieffer 2007, pp. 997–998.
  7. ^ Guthrie 1994, p. 1064.

SourcesEdit

External linksEdit

Preceded by
John 20:20
Gospel of John
Chapter 20
Succeeded by
John 20:22