Location of Jodhpur district in Rajasthan
|Tehsils||Phalodi Osian Bhoplghard Luni Balesair Lohawat Serghard Bilara|
|• Lok Sabha constituencies||[[Jodhpur (Lok Sabno ha constituency)|Jodhpur]]|
|• Total||22,850 km2 (8,820 sq mi)|
|• Density||160/km2 (420/sq mi)|
|• Urban||34.30 percent|
|• Sex ratio||916|
|Time zone||UTC+05:30 (IST)|
Jodhpur is the historic center of the Marwar region. The district contains Mandore, the ancient capital of the Pratihara Rajput kings (6th-13th centuries), and the Pratiharas' temple city of Osiyan. Jodhpur was founded in the 15th century by Rao Jodha, and served as the capital of the kingdom of Marwar under the Rathore dynasty until after Indian Independence in 1947.
The district is located in the State of Rajasthan in western India. [The district is bounded on the north by Bikaner District, on the northeast by Nagaur District, on the southeast and south by Pali District, on the southwest by Barmer District, and on the west and northwest by Jaisalmer District. The district stretches between 26 00’ and 27 37’ north latitude and between 72 55’ and 73 52’ east longitude. This district is situated at an altitude between 250 and 300 meters above sea level.
Jodhpur district comprises three distinct physiography units, the alluvial plains, sand dunes and escarpments. The western and north-western parts of Jodhpur district are characterized by sand dunes. With exception of some parts of Bilara and Osian tehsil, land surface of the district is nearly flat and sandy. Luni is the only important river in the district, it enters Jodhpur district near Bilara and flows for a distance of over 75 km. before entering in Barmer district.
Jodhpur is famous for its rich history. It is also referred to as the Blue City and "Sun City". Blue City is derived due to the blue tinge to the whitewashed houses around the Mehrangarh Fort. Other notable places of interest are the Umaid Bhawan Palace which a portion currently[when?] serves as the residence of the current Maharaja Gaj Singh's family and the remaining portion is a 5 star hotel under the Taj Group of Hotels.
In the 2001 census, there were five sub-divisions in the district and seven tehsils. For ease of administration, there were four sub-tehsils (Upa-tehsils): Balesar, Bap, Jhanwar and Tinwari. Balesar and Bap has local councils (panchayat samiti).
All tehsils are development blocks and have panchayat samities, except Jodhpur which is an urban agglomeration governed as a Municipal Corporation. The towns of Bilara, Phalodi and Piparcity are governed by Municipal Councils. There are 1,794 villages under 351 Gram Panchayats.
According to the 2011 census Jodhpur district has a population of 3,687,165, roughly equal to the nation of Liberia or the US state of Oklahoma. This gives it a ranking of 73rd in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 161 inhabitants per square kilometre (420/sq mi) . Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 27.69%. Jodhpur has a sex ratio of 915 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 67.09%.
This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (December 2018)
- Om Thanvi (born 1957) Writer and editor. Born in Phalodi.
- Barkatullah Khan (1920–73) Politician. Born in Jodhpur.
- Parasram Maderna (1926–2014) Politician and Jat leader.
- Jai Narayan Vyas (1899–1963) 3rd CM of Rajasthan.
- Narayan Singh Manaklao (born 1942) Social worker.
- Ashok Gehlot (born 1951) 12th CM of Rajasthan.
- Chitrangada Singh (born 1976) Bollywood Actress.
- Mehdi Hassan (1927-2012) Pakistani Ghazal Singer
- Jaswant Singh Bishnoi
- Narayan Singh Bhati
- Gajendra Singh Shekhawat Politician.
- Narayan Lal Panchariya
- Kamsa Meghwal
- Narayan Singh Manaklao
- Mathura Das Mathur
- Sheo Dan Mal
- Gajendra Singh Khimsar
- "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2011.
- "Census 2001 Population Finder: Rajasthan: Jodhpur:". Office of The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India.
- "Administrative Setup". Jodhpur District. Archived from the original on 25 December 2002.
- "Administrative Setup". Jodhpur District. Archived from the original on 13 May 2013.
- "Reports of National Panchayat Directory: Block Panchayats of Jodhpur, Rajasthan". Ministry of Panchayati Raj, Government of India.
- "Map:Jodhpur District, Administrative Setup". Jodhpur District. 2007. Archived from the original on 9 April 2009.
- "Reports of National Panchayat Directory: Report on Urban Local Bodies". Ministry of Panchayati Raj, Government of India. Archived from the original on 13 May 2013.
- Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901
- US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 1 October 2011.
Liberia 3,786,764 July 2011 est.
- "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 1 January 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2011.
- 2011 Census of India, Population By Mother Tongue
- "District Jodhpur: Gram Panchayat, Samiti and Ward Map". Excise Department, Government of Rajasthan.
- Official Website of Jodhpur District