Jai Narayan Vyas

Jai Narayan Vyas (18 February 1899 – 14 March 1963) was an Indian politician and the third chief minister of the State of Rajasthan. He hailed from Jodhpur city and was a leader of Indian National Congress party.

Jai Narayan Vyas
Jai Narayan Vyas 1974 stamp of India.jpg
Vyas on a 1974 stamp of India
3rd Chief Minister of Rajasthan
In office
1 November 1952 – 12 November 1954
Preceded byTika Ram Paliwal
Succeeded byMohan Lal Sukhadia
In office
26 April 1951 – 3 March 1952
Preceded byC. S. Venkatachari
Succeeded byTika Ram Paliwal
Personal details
Born(1899-02-18)18 February 1899
Jodhpur, Jodhpur State, British India
Died14 March 1963(1963-03-14) (aged 64)
New Delhi, India
Political partyIndian National Congress
SpouseGaurajadevi Vyas
Children4

Early lifeEdit

He was born on 18 February 1899 in a Brahmin family[1] to Pandit Sewaramji Vyas and Shrimati Gopi Devi in Jodhpur.

Political careerEdit

Pre-independenceEdit

Vyas and other Jodhpuri political activists formed the Marwar Hitkarni Sabha (Marwar Improvement Society) in the early 1920s in Jodhpur State, aimed at freeing the state from the rule of "aliens": a chief minister and other non-Jodhpuri officials both Indian and English. Its motto was "Marwar [Jodhpur] for the Marwaris" and its design to protect local interests from the effects of administrative reform.63 The maharaja gave the Sabha his blessing, while Vyas saw his role in it as his first contribution to the freedom movement. The organization was banned in 1924.

Later he formed the Jodhpur Praja Mandal (1934) with Bhanwarlal Sarraf, the Youth League, and the Marwar Lok Parishad (1938) with inspiration of Subhashchander Bose. He guided his movements from Ajmer, whenever he had trouble in his home state of Jodhpur.[2]

Post-independenceEdit

On 3 March 1948 he became the Prime Minister of Jodhpur State. He relinquished his office on 7 April 1949. He was chief minister of the state of Rajasthan twice, first time from 26 April 1951 to 3 March 1952 and a second time from 1 November 1952 to 12 November 1954.

He lost in first election of Rajasthan legislative assembly in 1952. So Tika Ram Paliwal has been made the chief minister of Rajasthan. Later he won the by-election for Kishangarh and again took over the post on 1 November 1952.[3]

He was also the member of Rajya Sabha from 20 April 1957 to 2 April 1960 and from 3 April 1960 till his death on 14 March 1963 in New Delhi.[4] His remains were cremated in Chandpole, Jodhpur.[5]

HonorsEdit

The Jai Narain Vyas University in Jodhpur, his home town, is named after him. Jai Narayan Vyas Colony in Bikaner, is also named after him

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Row over statue in Rajasthan varsity. The Indian Express. 11 August 1997
  2. ^ Susanne Hoeber Rudolph and Lloyd I. Rudoplh (January 2001) Rajputana Under British Paramountcy. Princely States Report
  3. ^ Sadhna Sharma. "Rajasthan". States Politics in India. Mittal Publications, New Delhi.
  4. ^ "Jainarayan Vyas Passes Away". The Indian Express. 15 March 1963. p. 1.
  5. ^ "Vyas Cremated". The Indian Express. 16 March 1963. p. 5. Retrieved 16 February 2018.

External linksEdit

Preceded by Chief Minister of Rajasthan
1951—1952
Succeeded by
Preceded by Chief Minister of Rajasthan
1952—1954
Succeeded by