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The Javan munia (Lonchura leucogastroides) is a species of estrildid finch found in Southern Sumatra, Java, Bali and Lombok, Indonesia. Introduced in Singapore and S Malay Peninsula;[2] possibly introduced in Sumatra. It is found in subtropical/ tropical dry shrubland and grassland habitat. The status of the species is evaluated as Least Concern.

Javan munia
Lonch leucog 071127-1965 tdp.jpg
Bogor, West Java, Indonesia.
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Estrildidae
Genus: Lonchura
L. leucogastroides
Binomial name
Lonchura leucogastroides
(Horsfield & Moore, 1856)

They are known to feed on algae.[3]


Origin and phylogeny has been obtained by Antonio Arnaiz-Villena et al..[4] Estrildinae may have originated in India and dispersed thereafter (towards Africa and Pacific Ocean habitats).


  1. ^ BirdLife International (2012). "Lonchura leucogastroides". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013.
  2. ^
  3. ^ Darjono; Dewi M Prawiradilaga & Sudaryanti. 1989. First Record of Algae in The Diet of Java Munia (Lonchura Leucogastroides) and Nutmeg Mannikin (Lonchura) in Indonesia. Ekologi Indonesia I (3) : 70-71.
  4. ^ Arnaiz-Villena, A; Ruiz-del-Valle V; Gomez-Prieto P; Reguera R; Parga-Lozano C; Serrano-Vela I (2009). "Estrildinae Finches (Aves, Passeriformes) from Africa, South Asia and Australia: a Molecular Phylogeographic Study" (PDF). The Open Ornithology Journal. 2: 29–36. doi:10.2174/1874453200902010029.