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The Javan elephant (Elephas maximus sondaicus) is an officially extinct subspecies of the Asian elephant that was native to the island of Java. While the subspecies is extinct in Java,[1] there is a theory, based in part on historical evidence, that elephants now called Borneo elephants are recent descendants of captive elephants imported from Java in the 1500s.[2]

Javan elephant
Scientific classification
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E. m. sondaicus
Trinomial name
Elephas maximus sondaicus
Deraniyagala, 1953[1]

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ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Shoshani, J. (2005). "Order Proboscidea". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M (eds.). Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 90. ISBN 978-0-8018-8221-0. OCLC 62265494.
  2. ^ Cranbrook, E.; Payne, J.; Leh, C.M.U. (2008). "Origin of the elephants Elephas maximus L. of Borneo" (PDF). Sarawak Museum Journal.